City Upon A Hill
1630 "wee are Commaunded this day to love the Lord our God, and to love one another to walke in his wayes and to keepe his Commaundements and his Ordinance, and his lawes, and the Articles of our Covenant with him that wee may live and be multiplyed, and that the Lord our God may blesse us in the land whether wee goe to possesse it"
Land has been given by the lord, whose commandments the people shall adhere to as much as possible... John Winthrop
The Stamp Act
1765 "by an act made in the last session of Parliament several duties were granted, continued, and appropriated toward defraying the expenses of defending,protecting, and securing British colonies and plantations in America"
The British taxed the Americans by a required stamp on paper goods (repealed before it ever happened) .... The British Government
1776 "can ye give to prostitution its former innocence? Neither can you reconcile Britain and America"
Argued that Americans should fight for full independence...Thomas Paine
THe Declaration of Independence
1776 "we hold these truths to be self- evident, that all men are created equal"
The mission statement of the US government. A list of grievances against the crown and a set of American Ideals....Thomas Jefferson
The Articles of Confederation
1777"nor shall any person, being a delegate, be capable of holding any office under the United States, for which he, or another for his benefit, recieves any salary"
System of government for the new land. First constitution of the Americans
....Second Continental Congress, John Dickanson
1787 "representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers"
The framework of the united states government, outlining rights as a citizen
....The Constitutional Convention
Washington's Farewell Address
1796 "you cannot shield yourselves too much ahainst the jealousies and heart burnings which spring from these misrepresentations; they tend to render alien to each other those who outght to be bound togetherby fraternal affection"
Discusses the foolishness of political parties and emphasizes peace with foreign countries....Alexander Hamilton
Defense of the American System
1832 "the transformation of the condition of the country from gloom and distress to brightness and prosperity, has been mainly the work of American legislation, fostering American industry, instead of allowing it to be controlled by foreign legislation"
advocation of a three point system involving a protective tariff, the second national bank, and transportation systems/international improvements.... Henry Clay
The Fort Hill Address
1831 "the states acting separately, representing and protecting the local and peculiar interests; and acting jointly through one General Government"
Argues for states' power to nullify because the United States is full of different regions of people. He says this type of right is "the fundamental principle of our system"... John C.Calhoun
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano
1794 "the shreiks of the women, and the groans of the dying, rendered the whole scene a horror almost inconcievable"
An ex-slave wrote about his experience in the slave trade...about how he was moved all around...Olaudah Equiano
The Confessions of Nat Turner
1831"I took my station in the rear, and, as it was my object to carryterror and devastation wherever we went..."
After leading an insurrection, the perpetrator told his life story as a confession. He was not mistreated much himself, but he detested slavery nonetheless....Nat Turner and Thomas R. Gray
Speech on the Reception of Abolition Petitions
1837 "if we do not defend ourselves none will defend us; if we yield we will be more and more pressed as we recede and if we submit we will be trampled underfoot."
Says that slavery is not a neccessary evil but something actually good. Says that the south has done a lot of good for the country and therefore should not be discriminated against. Highly influenced by Marx. Thinks that no compromise is possible, so a fair fight is imperative.
.... John C.Calhoun
The Hypocrisy of American Slavery
1852 "the blessings which you this day rejoyce are not enjoyed in common"
Acvuses America of celebrating independence while keeping slaves...
David Walker's Appeal
1829 "we (coloured people of these United States) are the most degraded, wreched, and abject human beings that ever lived since the world began"
One of the most radical anti-slavery documents, written by a free black....David Walker