To be cast out of the church, a punishment popes could give that was worse than death, because they would not get into heaven.
Pope Gregory VII
Pope that believed Popes were above Kings and demanded and won power over Emperor Henry IV
Emperor Henry IV
King of Germany and Italy who thinks he holds all the power over the popes
Long series of wars between Christians and Muslims in Southwest Asia for the Holy land.
Jerusalem where Jesus was believed to live, preach and died.
Pope Urban II
Pope of Western Europe who recruited people in the first crusade for the Holy land
King Richard I
King of England who's known as a great warrior and leader who fought against Saladin. He was also the Son of Aquitaine
Leader of Muslim forces who was a brilliant leader and well respected by his men. He also known for respecting his enemies .
The church officials
Document listing rights that the king could not ignore. This gave rules that EVERYONE had to follow, even the king.
Lawmaking body that governs England and advised the king
Hundred Years War
100 year war against England and France
Joan of Arc
Teenage French warrior who fought in the Hundred Years War to get England out of France. She was later captured and burned at the stake.
Deadly Plague in Europe caused by infected rats from Asia. The plague killed more than 25 million people and about 1/3 of Europe