The legal process by which someone becomes a parent to a child with whom he or she does not have a biological relationship and assumes all the rights and responsibilites of parenthood.
As distint from an independent adoption, an adoption that is handled by a state or private agency.
An adoption that is accomplished without an agency.
Private Placement Adoption
See independent adoption.
These laws allow a birth parent, or an agent of the parent, to leave a baby at a safe location, such as a hospital or fire station, without fear of being prosecuted for child abandonment or neglect.
Relative to adoption law, the requirement that a biological parent must assent to the adoption of his or her child, unless his or her parental rights have been terminated.
The surrender by a parent of a child to an adoption agency.
Revocation of Consent
A parent's seeking to take back his or her consent to an adoption.
Dispensing with Parental Consent
In the course of an adoption proceeding, a decision by the court to proceed with the adoption without the consent of the parents based on a finding based on a finding of parental unfitness.
An adoption placement that is made before the rights of both parents have been terminated.
The specific period of time a child must live with his or her prospective adoptive parents before the application can be approved.
An evaluation of a person or couple seeking to adopt a child to determine potential suitability, usually done only in agency adoptions.
Post-Placement Social Study
An assessment of an adoption placement done to provide information to the judge who will be deciding if the adoption should be approved.
An adoption that permits some degree of contact with the biological parents.
Principle that operates to extinguish the paerntal rights of the biological parents at the time of adoption.
Adoption by a co-parent.
The opportunity that the biological link provides to an unmarried father to develope a meaningful relationship with his child.
Adoption across racial lines.
The undoing of an adoption by the adoptive parent(s).
An action that an adoptive parent can bring against an adoption agency if the agency failed to tell the parents the truth about the child they adopted.