5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Millard Fillmore
- Alexander H. Stephens
- Daniel Webster
- 13th, 14th , 15th Amendments
- Martin Van Buren
- a 13th Amendment- Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime
14th Amendment- Defines citizenship, contains the Privileges or Immunities Clause, the Due Process Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, and deals with post-Civil War issues
15th Amendment- Prohibits the denial of suffrage based on race, color, or previous condition of servitude
- b 8th president of the United States (1837-41) and one of the founders of the Democratic Party. He was known as the "Little Magician" to his friends (and the "Sly Fox" to his enemies) in recognition of his reputed cunning and skill as a politician.
- c Politician who served as vice president of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Stephens headed the Confederate commission to the abortive peace conference at Hampton Roads, Virginia, in February 1865. After the fall of the Confederacy (May 1865), Stephens was confined for five months at Fort Warren, Boston.
- d 13th president of the United States (1850-53), whose insistence on federal enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 alienated the North and led to the destruction of the Whig Party. Elected vice president in 1848, he became chief executive on the death of President Zachary Taylor (July 1850).
- e American orator and politician who practiced prominently as a lawyer before the U.S. Supreme Court and served as a U.S. congressman, a U.S. senator, and U.S. secretary of state. He is best known as an enthusiastic nationalist and as an advocate of business interests during the period of the Jacksonian agrarianism.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- It increased the income tax rates established by the Internal Revenue Act of 1862. In addition to this, the act established stamp taxes on such items as matches and photographs. This act was allowed to expire as the populace mainly viewed it as an emergency measure for war-time situations. The Act ultimately expired in 1873 in the face of increased deficit spending.
- The Battle of Monitor and Merrimack, was a naval battle of the American Civil War, famous for being the first fight between two ironclad warships, the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (the latter rebuilt from the burned-out hull of the USS Merrimack). The principal confrontations took place on March 8 and March 9, 1862, off Sewell's Point, a narrow place near the mouth of Hampton Roads, Virginia. The naval battle lasted two days. The battle, though inconclusive, received worldwide publicity. After the battle, it was clear that ironclad ships were the future of naval warfare.
- Don Carlos Buell was a United States Army officer. Buell led Union armies in two great Civil War battles—Shiloh and Perryville. The nation was angry at his failure to defeat the outnumbered Confederates after Perryville, or to secure East Tennessee. Buell was relieved of field command in late 1862.
- 14th president of the United States (1853-57). He failed to deal effectively with the corroding sectional controversy over slavery in the decade preceding the American Civil War.
- Union army officer who commanded a prominent regiment of African American troops during the American Civil War. His regiment's shining hour came on the evening of July 18, when it heroically assaulted Fort Wagner, an earthwork that defended Charleston. Nearly half of the regiment's troops were casualties—including Shaw, who was killed—but the attack had proved to the world the mettle of black soldiers.
5 True/False Questions
William Lowndes Yancey → American southern political leader and "fire-eater" who, in his later years, consistently urged the South to secede in response to Northern antislavery agitation.
Second confiscation act → The first Confiscation Act, passed on Aug. 6, 1861, authorized Union seizure of rebel property, and it stated that all slaves who fought with or worked for the Confederate military services were freed of further obligations to their masters.
Salmon Chase → U.S. Army officer and public official who was active in Democratic politics in the mid-19th century. He was defeated for the presidency in 1848.
Lewis Cass → American statesman, U.S. congressman and U.S. senator, who was a major promoter of the Compromise of 1850. Clay was twice an unsuccessful candidate for president, first running as a National Republican (1832) and then as a Whig (1844).
George G. Meade → A general who skillfully reorganized Union forces, after McDowell was demoted, in the first year of the Civil War, but drew wide criticism for repeatedly failing to press his advantage over Confederate troops.