5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- T.J. Jackson
- John Clfford Pemberton
- Alexander H. Stephens
- Perpetual Union
- Slave Power
- a Politician who served as vice president of the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Stephens headed the Confederate commission to the abortive peace conference at Hampton Roads, Virginia, in February 1865. After the fall of the Confederacy (May 1865), Stephens was confined for five months at Fort Warren, Boston.
- b This concept established the United States of America as a national entity. Under American constitutional law, this concept means that states are not permitted to withdraw from the Union.
- c Slave Power was a pejorative term used by opponents of slavery in the U.S. to identify the corrupting influence that slavery had on the United States of America. The Republican Party argued that the slave owners had seized control of most of the national government and were using it to their own ends. The American Civil War destroyed the "slave power" and the Republican policies during Reconstruction were specifically designed to totally erase its influence.
- d Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and one of the best-known. Confederate pickets accidentally shot him at the Battle of Chancellorsville on May 2, 1863. His death was a severe setback for the Confederacy, affecting military prospects, the morale of its army and of the general public.
- e Confederate general during the Civil War, remembered for his unsuccessful defense of Vicksburg.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- A Confederate general, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, the most successful of the Southern armies during the Civil War. In February 1865 he was given command of all the Southern armies. His surrender at Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865, signifies the end of the Civil War.
- A U.S. Federal army officer who, after serving through the Mexican War, was promoted to brigadier general in 1861 and put in command of the Department of Northeastern Virginia. During the Civil War, he lost the First Battle of Bull Run and was succeeded by George B. McClellan.
- American politician, leader of the Democratic Party, and orator who advocated the cause of popular sovereignty.. He was reelected senator from Illinois in 1858 after a series of eloquent debates with the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln, who defeated him in the presidential race two years later.
- Don Carlos Buell was a United States Army officer. Buell led Union armies in two great Civil War battles—Shiloh and Perryville. The nation was angry at his failure to defeat the outnumbered Confederates after Perryville, or to secure East Tennessee. Buell was relieved of field command in late 1862.
- This was a slogan used by Polk in his election campaign. It demonstrated the dispute over the Oregon Territory. Part of what they wanted was owned by the British, as they had joint occupation of it. Eventually, they outnumbered the British and won the territory.
5 True/False Questions
George Edward Pickett → An American army officer who played a critical role in the Civil War by defeating the Confederate Army at Gettysburg, Pa.
Freeport Doctrine → Stephen Douglas's doctrine that, in spite of the Dred Scott decision, slavery could be excluded from territories of the United States by local legislation. This was advanced at the Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858 in Freeport, Illinois.
John C. Fremont → American mapmaker and explorer of the Far West, an important figure in the U.S. conquest and development of California. He ran unsuccessfully as the first Republican presidential candidate in 1856.
David G. Farragut → He introduced into Congress his famous Wilmot Proviso, calling for the prohibition of slavery in the vast southwestern lands that had been newly acquired from Mexico. The Wilmot concept, which failed in Congress, was a direct ideological antecedent to the Free-Soil Party.
William Lowndes Yancey → American southern political leader and "fire-eater" who, in his later years, consistently urged the South to secede in response to Northern antislavery agitation.