5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Daniel Webster
- Ambrose Burnside
- Don Carlos Buell
- Salmon Chase
- William Lowndes Yancey
- a American orator and politician who practiced prominently as a lawyer before the U.S. Supreme Court and served as a U.S. congressman, a U.S. senator, and U.S. secretary of state. He is best known as an enthusiastic nationalist and as an advocate of business interests during the period of the Jacksonian agrarianism.
- b Salmon Chase was an American politician and jurist. Chase was one of the most prominent members of the new Republican Party. Chase articulated the "Slave Power conspiracy" thesis well before Lincoln. He coined the slogan of the Free Soil Party, "Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men." He devoted his energies to the destruction of what he considered the Slave Power.
- c Don Carlos Buell was a United States Army officer. Buell led Union armies in two great Civil War battles—Shiloh and Perryville. The nation was angry at his failure to defeat the outnumbered Confederates after Perryville, or to secure East Tennessee. Buell was relieved of field command in late 1862.
- d An American soldier, railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a U.S. Senator. As a Union Army general in the American Civil War, he conducted successful campaigns in North Carolina and East Tennessee but was defeated in the disastrous Battle of Fredericksburg and Battle of the Crater.
- e American southern political leader and "fire-eater" who, in his later years, consistently urged the South to secede in response to Northern antislavery agitation.
5 Multiple choice questions
- A U.S. Federal army officer who, after serving through the Mexican War, was promoted to brigadier general in 1861 and put in command of the Department of Northeastern Virginia. During the Civil War, he lost the First Battle of Bull Run and was succeeded by George B. McClellan.
- It increased the income tax rates established by the Internal Revenue Act of 1862. In addition to this, the act established stamp taxes on such items as matches and photographs. This act was allowed to expire as the populace mainly viewed it as an emergency measure for war-time situations. The Act ultimately expired in 1873 in the face of increased deficit spending.
- David G. Farragut is one of the few genuine naval heroes to come out of the Civil War. He is probably best remembered for a statement he made during the Battle of Mobile Bay: "Damn the torpedoes! Full speed ahead!" In January 1862 he was confident New Orleans could be captured, and he succeeded. He also played an important role at Vicksburg and most famously at the Battle of Mobile Bay.
- A general who skillfully reorganized Union forces, after McDowell was demoted, in the first year of the Civil War, but drew wide criticism for repeatedly failing to press his advantage over Confederate troops.
- The second Confiscation Act, passed July 17, 1862, was virtually an emancipation proclamation. It said that slaves of civilian and military Confederate officials "shall be forever free," but it was enforceable only in areas of the South occupied by the Union Army.
5 True/False questions
William Tecumseh Sherman → American southern political leader and "fire-eater" who, in his later years, consistently urged the South to secede in response to Northern antislavery agitation.
George Edward Pickett → Confederate army officer during the American Civil War. At Gettysburg (July 3, 1863) three brigades of Pickett's division (4,300 men) constituted somewhat less than half the force in the climactic attack known as Pickett's Charge. Its bloodily disastrous repulse is often considered the turning point of the war.
Robert Gould Shaw → A Confederate general, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, the most successful of the Southern armies during the Civil War. In February 1865 he was given command of all the Southern armies. His surrender at Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865, signifies the end of the Civil War.
Espirit de corps → The bond among the members of the 154th New York Volunteer Infantry that went beyond simple allegiance to their comrades to a true devotion of the regiment itself
NY City draft riots → The Battle of Monitor and Merrimack, was a naval battle of the American Civil War, famous for being the first fight between two ironclad warships, the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia (the latter rebuilt from the burned-out hull of the USS Merrimack). The principal confrontations took place on March 8 and March 9, 1862, off Sewell's Point, a narrow place near the mouth of Hampton Roads, Virginia. The naval battle lasted two days. The battle, though inconclusive, received worldwide publicity. After the battle, it was clear that ironclad ships were the future of naval warfare.