5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- First confiscation act
- NY City draft riots
- Harriet Beecher Stowe
- Second confiscation act
- Tariff of 1864
- a 1863: A four-day eruption of violence in New York City resulting from deep worker discontent with the inequities of conscription during the U.S. Civil War. Richer draftees were allowed to buy their way out of the draft so more poorer men were drafted than rich.
- b It increased the income tax rates established by the Internal Revenue Act of 1862. In addition to this, the act established stamp taxes on such items as matches and photographs. This act was allowed to expire as the populace mainly viewed it as an emergency measure for war-time situations. The Act ultimately expired in 1873 in the face of increased deficit spending.
- c American writer and philanthropist, the author of the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, which contributed so much to popular feeling against slavery that it is cited among the causes of the American Civil War.
- d The first Confiscation Act, passed on Aug. 6, 1861, authorized Union seizure of rebel property, and it stated that all slaves who fought with or worked for the Confederate military services were freed of further obligations to their masters.
- e The second Confiscation Act, passed July 17, 1862, was virtually an emancipation proclamation. It said that slaves of civilian and military Confederate officials "shall be forever free," but it was enforceable only in areas of the South occupied by the Union Army.
5 Multiple choice questions
- 8th president of the United States (1837-41) and one of the founders of the Democratic Party. He was known as the "Little Magician" to his friends (and the "Sly Fox" to his enemies) in recognition of his reputed cunning and skill as a politician.
- Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th President of the United States as well as military commander during the Civil War and post-war Reconstruction periods. Under Grant's command, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and ended the Confederate States of America.
- American Civil War general and a major architect of modern warfare. He led Union forces in crushing campaigns through the South, marching through Georgia and the Carolinas. Sherman led 62,000 troops on the celebrated "March to the Sea" from Atlanta to Savannah on the Atlantic coast. He reduced the war-making potential of the Confederacy, and bringing the war home to the Southern people.
- Slave Power was a pejorative term used by opponents of slavery in the U.S. to identify the corrupting influence that slavery had on the United States of America. The Republican Party argued that the slave owners had seized control of most of the national government and were using it to their own ends. The American Civil War destroyed the "slave power" and the Republican policies during Reconstruction were specifically designed to totally erase its influence.
- A general who skillfully reorganized Union forces, after McDowell was demoted, in the first year of the Civil War, but drew wide criticism for repeatedly failing to press his advantage over Confederate troops.
5 True/False questions
David Wilmot → U.S. Army officer and public official who was active in Democratic politics in the mid-19th century. He was defeated for the presidency in 1848.
Lewis Cass → U.S. Army officer and public official who was active in Democratic politics in the mid-19th century. He was defeated for the presidency in 1848.
Stephen Douglas → American politician, leader of the Democratic Party, and orator who advocated the cause of popular sovereignty.. He was reelected senator from Illinois in 1858 after a series of eloquent debates with the Republican candidate, Abraham Lincoln, who defeated him in the presidential race two years later.
George Edward Pickett → An American army officer who played a critical role in the Civil War by defeating the Confederate Army at Gettysburg, Pa.
T.J. Jackson → This was a term for Union soldiers during the American Civil War. It was given to them by Confederate soldiers.