5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Billy Yanks
- Dred Scott case
- Bleeding Kansas
- William S. Rosecrans
- Roger Brooke Taney
- a Union general and excellent strategist early in the American Civil War (1861-65); after his defeat in the Battle of Chickamauga (September 1863), he was relieved of his command. Later he represented California in the U.S. House of Representatives (1881-85) and served as register of the U.S. Treasury (1885-93).
- b Small civil war in the United States, fought between proslavery and antislavery advocates for control of the new territory of Kansas under the doctrine of popular sovereignty.
- c The opinion delivered on March 6, 1857, in Dred Scott v. Sanford is well known. In essence, the decision argued that Scott was a slave and as such was not a citizen and could not sue in a federal court. The Dred Scott decision probably created more disagreement than any other legal opinion in U.S. history; it became a violently divisive issue in national politics and dangerously undermined the prestige of the Supreme Court.
- d This was a term for Union soldiers during the American Civil War. It was given to them by Confederate soldiers.
- e Fifth chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, remembered principally for the Dred Scott decision(1857). He was the first Roman Catholic to serve on the Supreme Court.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The Hampton Roads Conference (Feb. 3, 1865) was a series of informal, unsuccessful peace talks at Hampton Roads, Va., U.S., between the Union and the Confederacy during the U.S. Civil War.
Lincoln offered a peace settlement that called for a reunion of the nation, emancipation of the slaves, and disbanding of Confederate troops. Since the Southern representatives were authorized to accept independence only, no settlement was possible.
- Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th President of the United States as well as military commander during the Civil War and post-war Reconstruction periods. Under Grant's command, the Union Army defeated the Confederate military and ended the Confederate States of America.
- A U.S. Federal army officer who, after serving through the Mexican War, was promoted to brigadier general in 1861 and put in command of the Department of Northeastern Virginia. During the Civil War, he lost the First Battle of Bull Run and was succeeded by George B. McClellan.
- A Confederate general, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, the most successful of the Southern armies during the Civil War. In February 1865 he was given command of all the Southern armies. His surrender at Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865, signifies the end of the Civil War.
- He introduced into Congress his famous Wilmot Proviso, calling for the prohibition of slavery in the vast southwestern lands that had been newly acquired from Mexico. The Wilmot concept, which failed in Congress, was a direct ideological antecedent to the Free-Soil Party.
5 True/False Questions
Martin Van Buren → 8th president of the United States (1837-41) and one of the founders of the Democratic Party. He was known as the "Little Magician" to his friends (and the "Sly Fox" to his enemies) in recognition of his reputed cunning and skill as a politician.
Morrill Land Grant Act → An act that provided grants of land to states to finance the establishment of colleges specializing in "agriculture and the mechanic arts."
Trent Affair → American statesman, U.S. congressman and U.S. senator, who was a major promoter of the Compromise of 1850. Clay was twice an unsuccessful candidate for president, first running as a National Republican (1832) and then as a Whig (1844).
First confiscation act → The second Confiscation Act, passed July 17, 1862, was virtually an emancipation proclamation. It said that slaves of civilian and military Confederate officials "shall be forever free," but it was enforceable only in areas of the South occupied by the Union Army.
Daniel Webster → American orator and politician who practiced prominently as a lawyer before the U.S. Supreme Court and served as a U.S. congressman, a U.S. senator, and U.S. secretary of state. He is best known as an enthusiastic nationalist and as an advocate of business interests during the period of the Jacksonian agrarianism.