5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Roger Brooke Taney
- George Edward Pickett
- James K. Polk
- Slave Power
- Salmon Chase
- a 11th president of the United States (1845-49). Under his leadership the United States fought the Mexican War (1846-48) and acquired vast territories along the Pacific coast and in the Southwest.
- b Confederate army officer during the American Civil War. At Gettysburg (July 3, 1863) three brigades of Pickett's division (4,300 men) constituted somewhat less than half the force in the climactic attack known as Pickett's Charge. Its bloodily disastrous repulse is often considered the turning point of the war.
- c Slave Power was a pejorative term used by opponents of slavery in the U.S. to identify the corrupting influence that slavery had on the United States of America. The Republican Party argued that the slave owners had seized control of most of the national government and were using it to their own ends. The American Civil War destroyed the "slave power" and the Republican policies during Reconstruction were specifically designed to totally erase its influence.
- d Fifth chief justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, remembered principally for the Dred Scott decision(1857). He was the first Roman Catholic to serve on the Supreme Court.
- e Salmon Chase was an American politician and jurist. Chase was one of the most prominent members of the new Republican Party. Chase articulated the "Slave Power conspiracy" thesis well before Lincoln. He coined the slogan of the Free Soil Party, "Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men." He devoted his energies to the destruction of what he considered the Slave Power.
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- 8th president of the United States (1837-41) and one of the founders of the Democratic Party. He was known as the "Little Magician" to his friends (and the "Sly Fox" to his enemies) in recognition of his reputed cunning and skill as a politician.
- A Confederate general, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia, the most successful of the Southern armies during the Civil War. In February 1865 he was given command of all the Southern armies. His surrender at Appomattox Courthouse April 9, 1865, signifies the end of the Civil War.
- The opinion delivered on March 6, 1857, in Dred Scott v. Sanford is well known. In essence, the decision argued that Scott was a slave and as such was not a citizen and could not sue in a federal court. The Dred Scott decision probably created more disagreement than any other legal opinion in U.S. history; it became a violently divisive issue in national politics and dangerously undermined the prestige of the Supreme Court.
- American orator and politician who practiced prominently as a lawyer before the U.S. Supreme Court and served as a U.S. congressman, a U.S. senator, and U.S. secretary of state. He is best known as an enthusiastic nationalist and as an advocate of business interests during the period of the Jacksonian agrarianism.
- American mapmaker and explorer of the Far West, an important figure in the U.S. conquest and development of California. He ran unsuccessfully as the first Republican presidential candidate in 1856.
5 True/False Questions
Mexican War → ...
George B. McClellan → An American army officer who played a critical role in the Civil War by defeating the Confederate Army at Gettysburg, Pa.
Lewis Cass → Confederate cavalry officer whose reports of enemy troop movements were of particular value to the Southern command during the American Civil War (1861-65).
Irvin McDowell → A U.S. Federal army officer who, after serving through the Mexican War, was promoted to brigadier general in 1861 and put in command of the Department of Northeastern Virginia. During the Civil War, he lost the First Battle of Bull Run and was succeeded by George B. McClellan.
Harriet Beecher Stowe → American writer and philanthropist, the author of the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin, which contributed so much to popular feeling against slavery that it is cited among the causes of the American Civil War.