Character Education Semester Exam Vocab.

Created by lorereyesb 

Upgrade to
remove ads

adolescence

-a transcitional period between childhood and adult life.
-The word comes from the latin word: adolescence "to grow." (Not to "lack of", as it is commonly mistaken)
-Dramatic changes:
*Biological: body
*Psycological:
*Cognitive
*Social

main agent in socialization

the interactive process through which individuals learn the basic skills, values, beliefs, and behavior patterns of the society

anticipation in communication

when people interpret a message before the message is given

doble level message

saying something when you actually mean another

assertiveness

not saying what you think or saying what you think no matter what other people feel or think

bad timing

information may be correct, the problem is WHERE AND WHEN we say it.

sensitive periods

The Sensitive periods should be the time on which the child learns.

socialization

To be accepted by peers, teens sometimes feel the need to behave like others in the group to "fit in". Two factors have to be considered.
1) The social standards of the peer group
2) The level of satisfaction by behaving according to the standards

culture

-the shared products of the society each of us live in.
Some parts could be:
symbols,
language,
values, and
norms (the social actions that seem normal to that specific society).

discrimination

A behavior that treats others unequally because of their society norms and the difference between them. Examples could be name-calling, violence, even death for their culture.

prejudice

An oversimplified, exaggerated or unfavorable generalization to a group of people with the same culture. can be based upon racial, ethnic, and religious differences. Sometimes members of those groups are told they are socially physically or mentally lower than the bully. An example would be not giving work to a certain race of people applying for a job.

racism

type of hate because of ethnicity

mass media

newspapers, magazines, books, televisions, films, internet, etc.

asocial

A teen that does not know what is expected of them in certain situations.
Ex- when he/she attend a funeral for the first time.

antisocial

A teen that does know what's expected of them, but acts against it.
Ex- when he/she don't stop at a red light.

social

Following the expectations of a teen.

systematic (family cycle)

every member affects each other. Whatever happens to one member affects the whole family. Domino effect.

family cycle

1-courtship
2-marriage
3-educating children
4-adolescents and children moving on
5-family in later life

communication

different ways people use to express their ideas and feelings to other people, and the feedback they receive.

verbal communication

everything we express through language and the way we express it.

non-verbal communication

gestures, pauses, posture, facial expression, eye contact, etc.

eriksson stages

infancy, early childhood, play age, school age, adolescence, young adulthood, middle adulthood, late adulthood

responsibility

Being accountable in word and deed. Having a sense of duty to fulfill tasks with reliability, dependability and commitment.

perseverance

Pursuing worthy objectives with determination and patience while exhibiting fortitude when confronted with failure.

caring

Showing understanding of others by treating them with kindness, compassion, generosity and a forgiving spirit.

self discipline

Demonstrating hard work controlling your emotions, words, actions, impulses and desires. Giving your best in all situations.

citizenship

Being law abiding and involved in service to school, community community and country.

honesty

Telling the truth, admitting wrongdoing. Being trustworthy and acting with integrity.

courage

Doing the right thing in face of difficulty and following..... your conscience instead of the crowd.

fairness

Practicing justice, equity and equality. Cooperating with one another. Recognizing the uniqueness and value of each individual within our diverse society.

respect

Showing high regard for an authority, other people, self and county. Treating others as you want to be treated. Understanding that all people have value ah human beings. `

values

are dispositions cultivated within the individual that actually improve character and intelligence. Helps shape and lead healthy lives.

virtues

are dispositions cultivated within the individual that actually improve character and intelligence. It is our virtues that that enable us to become better students, parents, spouses, teachers, friends ad citizens. They help us shape and lead worthy lives.

core values

are those that are ranked higher than others.

components of good character

-moral knowledge
-moral action
-moral feeling

moral knowing

Knowing what is right

moral awareness

1. The first moral responsibility is to use the intelligence to see when a situation requires moral judgment, and then to think carefully about what the right course of action is.
2. Taking the trouble to be informed

knowing moral values

1. What each value means
2. Understand how to apply each value in different situations

perspective taking

The ability of taking the point of view of other people, imagine how they might think

moral reasoning

Understand what it means to be moral and why we should be moral

decision making

1. Being able to think one's way through a moral problem in this manner is the skill of decision-making
2. A "what are my choices", "what are the consequences"

self knowledge

1. Knowing ourselves is the hardest kind of moral knowing
2. Becoming a moral person requires the ability to review our own behavior and critically evaluate it.

moral feeling

Feeling what is right

conscience

Emotional side of moral awareness, feeling obligated t do what is right.

self esteem

Having a healthy measure of what one is worth

empathy

The ability to understand emotional perspective of others

loving the good

Being attracted to the good

self control

1. Emotions can overwhelm reason
2. Self-control helps being ethical even if we don't want to
3. Also necessary to curb self-indulgence

humility

1. Genuine openness to the truth and willingness to act to correct feelings
2. Helps is overcome our pride

moral action

To do what is right

competence

1. The ability to turn moral judgment and feeling into effective moral action
2. Be able to execute plan of action

will

1. Mobilizing moral energy to do what we think should be done
2. It takes will to keep emotions under control of reason

habit

1. To do what is right by force of habit
2. Moral conduct benefits from habit

violence

Using or threatening to use physical or emotional force against other people to cause the person to carry out an act or to behave in a certain way.

how to foster and prevent violence

1.Community
2.Culture/ Society
3.Individual

physical violence

Behavior intended to inflict harm.(Ex: slapping and punching)

harassment

A course of conduct directed at a specific person for no purpose that causes emotional distress.

sexual harassment

UNWELCOME sexual advances requests for sexual favors and any other conduct of sexual nature.(Ex: Rape)

racism

Discriminate or abusive behavior towards members of other races.

bullying

The willful, conscious desire to hurt another and put them under stress

extortion

The use or express or implicit threat of the use of violence/crime/harm to obtain property from someone else with his consent

hate crimes

Crimes that involve hate against people because of color, race, or ethnic origin.

ideal model

I - identify the problem
what is the problem or situation that needs to be resolved?

D - describe ways to solve the problem
list as many positive choices or alternatives that you can think of that may help you to solve the problem

E - evaluate each solution
by listing the positive and negative consequences for each choice or alternative, evaluate how each solution would make the problem better or worse and choose the best solution

A - act on a plan to use the best solution. be specific. act on your plan (try your first choice)

L - learn about your plan
describe how you think your plan will turn out.
did you make the best choice? what would you do next time

accommodation

This style focuses on the need of others. There is also an adversarial tone created by being agreeable and then displaying, such as forgetfulness, stubbornness.
-When to use this style:
-When you know your wrong and you want to be more socially open
-As a goodwill gesture when the issues are important to others

avoidance

This style focuses on the way you focus all the conflicts all together.
When to use this style:
-Allow emotions to pass by and cool down the situation and everyone
-When time is needed to gather information about the situation
-When you perceive there is no chance to satisfy your concerns

compromise

This style focuses on trying to satisfy both parties.
When to use this style:
-When the goals parties are not so important and not worth pushing to much to achieve them.
-When both parties that have the same power are committed to exclusively goals
-To provide a temporary settlement

collaboration

This style basically focuses on satisfying both parties to the maximum.
When to use this style:
-When to learn more about other parties is the main objective
-To provide a creative solution to both sets of need/concerns

active listening

listen to what others say

i messages

I feel ___________ when _________ because___________.

effective speaking

transmit your message correctly

place to discuss

go to a public place, in public you won't scream

emotions

We are filled of emotions such as anger, fear, irritation etc.

anger

Is an automatic response to ill treatment. It is the way a person indicates he or she will not tolerate certain types of behavior.

anger management

Because of genetics, your anger problems might come from family background.

stress

a feeling of tension that can both emotional and physical.

eustress

the good stress makes us better.

distress

the bad stress affects you mentally & physically

stressors

situations or objects causing stress.

stress management

1.Physical activity: Need physical activity so you don't stress your body
2.Support systems: have someone you can trust or rely on to talk with.
3.Relaxation: Need hobbies or means that take your stress away.
4.Attitude: Be a positive person you don't get stressed easily.
5.Physical Well-being: You must eat well so your body is healthy if not you will be unhealthy and 6.more prone to stress.
7.Positive thinking: Make an effort to stop negative thoughts.
8.Plan some fun: Take a break.

relaxation

Need hobbies or means that take your stress away.

fight or flight

to go away or avoid it.

trigger thoughts

Blamers: intentionally harmed by behavior of other people.
2. Shoulds: offending person should know the behavior but ignores it.

behavioral

Biting lips
Grinding Teeth
Impulsive actions

exhaustion

is the last stage when everything already happened and you feel really tired.

genetically or environmental

anger and stress may be caused by genetics or it can be caused by your environment

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set