Poetry Vocabulary

Created by cvalentine Teacher

25 terms

poetry

rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech.

rhyme

the repetition of the sound of a stressed syllable and any unstressed syllables that follow.

rhyme scheme

pattern of rhymes that assigns a new letter of the alphabet to each new rhyme. Ex: ABBA

end rhyme

rhymes which occur at the end of the lines.

internal rhyme

rhymes which occur within the lines

rhythm

the musical quality produced by the repetition of sound patterns.

free verse

poetry that does not have a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

meter

a regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.

stanza

a group of lines of poetry

refrain

line or group of lines repeated at regular intervals

alliteration

repetition of consonant sounds in words that are close together. Ex: She sells seashells by the seashore.

personification

giving human qualities to non-human objects. Ex: The heavens howled.

onomatopoeia

using words that echo the sounds they refer to. Ex: crash, bang, boom

simile

comparison of two unlike things using like, as, than, or resembles. EX: She runs as fast as a cheetah.

metaphor

comparison between two unlike things without using like or as. EX: Mama is a sunrise.

denotation

a word's literal, dictionary definition

connotation

feeling or idea associated with the word

hyperbole

intentionally exaggerated figure of speech

haiku

a 17-syllable, delicate, unrhymed Japanese verse, usually about nature

limerick

a 5-line, rhymed, rhythmic verse, usually about nature

ballad

a songlike narrative poem, usually featuring rhyme, rhythm, and refrain

couplet

a pair of rhyming lines

quatrain

a stanza containing four lines

assonance

repetition of vowel sounds found anywhere in the word. EX: the Mad Hatter

consonance

repetition of final consonant sounds. Ex: east/west

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