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Chapter 9 Rhetorical Fallicies Part 2 Test

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3 Written Questions

3 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. An illogical, misleading comparison between two things.

    Example: Why should we invade that country? Let me explain it to you like this. What if you looked out the window and saw a 20-dollar bill in the street? Wouldn't you go outside and take it?
  2. Encourages the listener to agree with a position because everyone else does

    Example: It's time for our county to repeal the ban on strip mining -- every other county in the state has already done so!
  3. Used to frighten readers or listeners into agreeing with the speaker; often, when scare tactics are used, the speaker has no logical argument on which to fall back

    Example: "My opponent talks about the need to explore stem cell research, but this would bring about an end to ethical uses of technology, and, before long, scientists will be creating superraces -- the Nazi dream of an Aryan Nation will ensue!"

3 True/False Questions

  1. Red HerringDoes not allow for discussion because the speaker presumes that his or her beliefs are beyond question; essentially, the "logic" runs thusly: I'm correct because I'm correct.

    Example: We are members of the Wombat Party and, as such, know that we are right when we assert that Wombats are the best

          

  2. Sentimental AppealsCommonly used tactic attempts to appeal to the hearts of readers (or, of course, listeners) so that they forget to use their minds.

    Example: "The assignment that I gave you last night was much too long, but just think how pleased your parents and I will be when you score a 5 on the AP exam. Think about the pride you'll feel when tears of joy stream down your faces!"

          

  3. DogmatismAttempts to shift attention away from an important issue by introducing an issue that has no logical connection to the discussion at hand.

    Example: "My opponent talks about the poor quality of military intelligence, but this is a time for decisiveness, not for weakness. We must stick together and present a common front as the other nations look on. If we do not, we could jeopardize our position as a global leader."

          

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