3 Written Questions
3 Multiple Choice Questions
- An illogical, misleading comparison between two things.
Example: Why should we invade that country? Let me explain it to you like this. What if you looked out the window and saw a 20-dollar bill in the street? Wouldn't you go outside and take it?
- Encourages the listener to agree with a position because everyone else does
Example: It's time for our county to repeal the ban on strip mining -- every other county in the state has already done so!
- Used to frighten readers or listeners into agreeing with the speaker; often, when scare tactics are used, the speaker has no logical argument on which to fall back
Example: "My opponent talks about the need to explore stem cell research, but this would bring about an end to ethical uses of technology, and, before long, scientists will be creating superraces -- the Nazi dream of an Aryan Nation will ensue!"
3 True/False Questions
Red Herring → Does not allow for discussion because the speaker presumes that his or her beliefs are beyond question; essentially, the "logic" runs thusly: I'm correct because I'm correct.
Example: We are members of the Wombat Party and, as such, know that we are right when we assert that Wombats are the best
Sentimental Appeals → Commonly used tactic attempts to appeal to the hearts of readers (or, of course, listeners) so that they forget to use their minds.
Example: "The assignment that I gave you last night was much too long, but just think how pleased your parents and I will be when you score a 5 on the AP exam. Think about the pride you'll feel when tears of joy stream down your faces!"
Dogmatism → Attempts to shift attention away from an important issue by introducing an issue that has no logical connection to the discussion at hand.
Example: "My opponent talks about the poor quality of military intelligence, but this is a time for decisiveness, not for weakness. We must stick together and present a common front as the other nations look on. If we do not, we could jeopardize our position as a global leader."