3 Written Questions
3 Multiple Choice Questions
- An illogical, misleading comparison between two things.
Example: Why should we invade that country? Let me explain it to you like this. What if you looked out the window and saw a 20-dollar bill in the street? Wouldn't you go outside and take it?
- Does not allow for discussion because the speaker presumes that his or her beliefs are beyond question; essentially, the "logic" runs thusly: I'm correct because I'm correct.
Example: We are members of the Wombat Party and, as such, know that we are right when we assert that Wombats are the best
- Attempts to shift attention away from an important issue by introducing an issue that has no logical connection to the discussion at hand.
Example: "My opponent talks about the poor quality of military intelligence, but this is a time for decisiveness, not for weakness. We must stick together and present a common front as the other nations look on. If we do not, we could jeopardize our position as a global leader."
3 True/False Questions
Straw Man Argument → Consists of an oversimplification of an opponent's argument to make easier to attack.
Example: Students who want to eliminate the school uniform are exhibitionists who want to show off bare midriffs.
Sentimental Appeals → Encourages the listener to agree with a position because everyone else does
Example: It's time for our county to repeal the ban on strip mining -- every other county in the state has already done so!
Faulty Casuality → Refers to the (sometimes unintentional) setting up of a cause-and-effect relationship when none exists. In faulty causality, one event can happen after another without the first necessarily being the direct cause of the second.
Example: Violent crime among adolescents has risen in the past decade, and that is the result of increased sales of violent video games.
As is the case with all examples of faulty causality, there is no proof for the video game argument, and it is possible to think of a dozen other convincing reasons for the rise of violent crime -- a trend that we just made up.