Chapter 3 AP Psych test

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behavior genetics

the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior and personality traits

gene

a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a specific protein

chromosomes

threadlike structures that contain genes

genetic predispositions

studies of identical twins who had been reared apart most clearly highlight the important of ___________ in personality development

political attitudes

adoptive parents are most likely to influence the ____________ of their adopted children

emotional excitability

an infant's temperament refers most directly to its....

twin studies

in order to estimate trait heritability, researchers are most likely to make use of what?

monozygotic twins

which type of siblings share 100% of genes?

dizygotic twins

they are formed when 2 different eggs are fertilized by different sperm cells

natural selection

evolutionary psychology studies the evolution of behavior and the mind using principles of....

mutation

a random error in gene replication is know as...

reproductive success

evolutionary psychologists emphasize that environmentally adaptive behaviors are those that have promoted what?

evolutionary

professor patterson suggests that men are more likely than women to initiate casual sex because this has historically served to be a more successful reproductive strategy for men than women. the professor's suggestion best illustrates a _______ theory

providing hindsight explanations for human behaviors

what is one the evolutionary psychologists may be criticized for?

placenta

identical twins are most likely to share a similar prenatal environment if they share the same...

neural connections

a stimulating environment is most likely to facilitate the development of a child's...

parental

parents should not take too much blame for the failures and shortcomings of their children because ________ behavior is only one of many factors that influence children's behavior

a selection effect

kids choose peers who share their own attitudes and interests as their friends. this best illustrates...

culture

the enduring traditions, ideas, attitudes, and behaviors shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next define their...

norms

the practice of covering your mouth when you cough illustrates what?

personal space

even though many chairs in the library study area are unoccupied, wang chooses to sit right next to chung. chung is likely to feel uncomfortable because wang has violated his...

love

in comparison to 40 years ago, American women today are more likely to marry for...

individualism

a willingness to switch jobs and move from one part of the country to another best illustrates one of the consequences of...

social

a collectivist culture is especially likely to emphasize the importance of what kind of harmony?

family

people living in a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualist culture to report experiencing what kind of loyalty?

individualism

innovation and creativity are most likely to be appreciated in a culture characterized by....

nonconformity

parents in westernized cultures are more likely than parents in Asian cultures to encourage children to value...

tend and befriend

what are women likely to do?

testosterone

female children are most likely to act like tomboys if they were exposed to excess ________ during their parental development

Y

the fertilized egg with develop into a boy if the sperm contributes a __ chromosome at conception

gender role

a set of expected behaviors for males and females

gender identity

sense of being male or female

biopsychosocial approach

professor king emphasizes that gender similarities and differences are products of a continuous interplay among genetically predisposed traits, culturally shaped roles, and personally constructed expectations and assumptions. the professor's emphasis best illustrates....

schemas

concepts of masculinity and femininity that influence our perceptions are called gender....

individualism

the importance of romance in marriage relationships is more strongly emphasized in cultures characterized by...

individualism vs. collectivism

"me" vs. "we"; divorce vs. no divorce; personal achievement vs. community success; temporary relationships vs. long term relationships; personal happiness vs. community happiness

men vs. women

come up with an answer vs. admitting their wrong and asking for help; side by side vs. face to face; assertive younger vs. assertive older

identical vs. fraternal

one egg vs. split egg; same genes vs. different genes

identical twins

used in child rearing research

men vs. women

pairing widely vs. wisely; aggressive vs. not; more masturbating vs. not as much; no celebacy vs. vow of celebacy

women

who's sexuality is plastic?

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