chapter 3 quizzes

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evolutionary genetics

the study of the relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior and personality traits

gene

a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a specific protein

chromosomes

the threadlike structures that contain genes

Compared to identical twins, fraternal twins are______.

less likely to be the same sex and less likely to be similar in extraversion.

genetic predispositions

studies of identical twins who had been reared apart most clearly highlight the importance of _____ in personality development.

political views

Adoptive parents are most likely to influence the _____ of their adoptive children.

emotional excitability

An infant's temperament refers most directly to its______.

twin studies

In order to estimate trait heritability, researchers are most likely to make use of _______.

self-regulating

An African butterfly that is green in the summer turns brown in the fall thanks to a temperature controlled genetic switch. This best illustrates that genes are _______.

interaction

the unique temperaments of children evoke predictable responses from their caregivers. This best illustrates the _____ of nature and nurture.

natural selection

The reproductive advantage enjoyed by organisms best suited to a specific ecological niche is known as:

greater reproductive potential

evolutionary psychologists would be most likely to attribute gender differences in attitudes toward casual sex to the fact that men have _____ than do women.

younger

Evolutionary psychologists would be most likely to predict that men will marry women who are ___ than they are.

neural connections

A stimulating environment is most likely to facilitate the development of a child's:

a selection effect

Kids choose peers who share their own attitudes and interests as their friends. This illustrates:

culture

the enduring traditions, ideas, attitudes, and behaviors shard by a large group of people and transmitted form 1 generation to the next define their:

norms

The practice of covering your mouth when you cough best illustrates the impact of:

individualism

A willingness to switch jobs and move from one part of the country to another best illustrates one of the consequences of:

family loyalty

People living in a culture that promotes collectivism are more likely than those in individualists culture to report experiencing:

collectivism

one would not observe unusually high rates of divorce in cultures that promote:

testosterone

the prenatal development of the external male sex organs is stimulated by:

Gender roles refers to:

a set of expected behaviors for males and females

Gender identity refers to:

the sense of being male or female

gender-typing

Children's tendency to classify toys and songs as either masculine or feminine is most likely to facilitate the process of:

biopsychosocial approach

An integrated understanding of gender differences in behavior in terms of gender roles, sex hormones, and individual expectations regarding gender appropriate behavior is most clearly provided by:

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