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Monotheism

belief that there is only one God

Qu'ran

sacred book believed by Muslims to be the written record of God's word

Caliph

successor to Muhammad as a political leader of the Muslim community

Muslim

name usually given to believers in Islam

Pilgrimage

journey to a sacred place or a shrine

Muhammad

prophet of Islam

Mosque

Muslim house of worship

Sunna

book of guiding rules of Islam that are based on Muhammad's life

Battle of Tours

stopped Muslims from conquering more of Europe

Baghdad

where an early Abbasid Caliph moved the capital of the eastern empire

Umayyads

forces that gained control of most of Spain while the Abbadis ruled in the east

Oasis

small area in a desert that is watered by springs or wells

Nomads

members of a group that moves from place to place in search of food, water, and grazing lands for their herds

Emir

ruler that is appointed directly by the Caliphs to rule over the provinces

Factions

groups who tried to take control of distant parts of the Abbasids' empire

Dissent

to disagree with the accepted policies of government

Five pillars of Faith

*Profession of Faith
*Prayer
*Alms giving
*Fasting
*Hajj

Profession of Faith

all Muslims must state that Allan is god

Prayer

Muslims must pray five times a day

Alms giving

Muslims must contribute to public charities

Fasting

no eating from sun up to sun down during the month of Ramadan

Hajj

All Muslims who can afford it should make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their life

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