What is the significance of drawing in relation to art history?
Art history has proven that drawing is the most fundamental activity of the artist.
What style was the most powerful influence on drawing? Why?
It was the High Renaissance because it was the first to use Naturalism.
Explain the concept of "Renaissance Man." Which one of the artists discussed best fits this type of universal man? Why?
Renaissance Man means academian, not someone who specializes in one thing. Leonardo DaVinci best fits this description because he studied fields other than art.
Explain "Eclecticism." Which artist best fits an eclectic?
Eclecticism is to draw from other sources and fuse their ideas into a rendering style of ones own. Raphael Sanzio best fits the description of an eclectic.
What was the main subject of Hieronymous Bosch's paintings?
Good and Evil, though with some traces of humor.
How did the Mannerist style of art come about?
The mannerist style was reactions to the beliefs and styles of the high renaissance.
How did the Mannerist artists display the human figure?
They twisted and stretched it to unnatural heights.
Were artists of the Baroque Period universal men like DaVinci? Why or why not?
No, science became to complex.
What were Bernini's three influences (He studied this things when he and his family moved to Rome)?
Greek Sculpture, Raphael, and Michaelangelo.
What did Bernini's artwok often convey in terms of emotions?
Extreme excitement, and violent realism.
What was invented light? Which Baroque artist was known to use this?
Invented light means that he used figures and faces often showing light from within that glows outward, rembrant showed this.
What is a genre artwork? Give an example of an artist that painted genre subjects.
Genre artwork is making everyday common objects, through the painting process, seem special and unique. Jan Vermeer is an artist who did this.
What is chiaroscuro?
To put light on one side of a subject, then quickly describing shadows on the opposite side.
How did the aristocracy spend their time during the Rococo Period?
Persuing pleasure, going on holidays, and playing.
What was Rococo art in terms of sytyle and subject matter?
Aristocratic with love of elegance, style, and subject matter.
What is aerail perspective?
Also known as atmostpheric perspective, it is making a background look far away by using less detail, paste colors, and lighter values or tones.
What signaled the end of the Renaissance-Baroque era?
When religion and kingship ceased to command that allegiance of western peoples.
What occured in America and France to bring about the age of Romanticism?
An emotional reaction to the established order (religion and polotics)
As Romanticism grew, what did the artists worship of express in their art?
Wild, strange, marvelous, melancholy, space, time, classic greece, middle age, american forest.
As freedom swept over France during the 19th century, on what did David base his artwork?
Greek and Roman art.
Considering Gericault broke away from classism, on what was his artwork based?
Emotionalism and Melodrama
In what did Gericault feel nature's truth could be found?
In battle frenzy, suffering, insanity, and the instant of death.
Who painted allegorical landscape?
Cole; allegorical landscape is meant to teach and speak to the viewer.