Shakespeare birth and death
April 23, 1564 and April 23, 1616
Shakespeare was the son of a ______ of an _________ family
glovemaker, upper class
Shake's parent's names
John Shakespeare and Mary Arden
Shake married _______ and had __ children.
Anne Hathaway, 3
Shake wrote ___ plays and ___ sonnets.
Shakespeare's plays fall into what 4 categories?
history, comedy, tragedy, romance
Shake's acting troup had what 2 names?
First, Lord Chamberlain's men. Second, the king's men (in honor of king James I)
The Globe was closed once due to ____ and once due to _________.
fire, the Plague
Today, the term Renaissance man means a person who is...
energetic, productive, interested in literature, history and art
The Renaissance is said to have started where, and in what century?
Italy, 14th century
3 other important contributors to the Renaissance (besides Shakespeare)
Michaelangelo, DaVinci, Columbus
Concept of a humanist
Interested in classics, examining and questioning humanity, linked classics and the Bible
Greek writer/philosopher who influenced the humanists
five important facts about Sir Thomas More
1. comtemporary of Erasmus 2. wrote Utopia (famous treatise on human society) 3. held a number of important offices 4. humanist 5. impatient with Church's incorrupt practices
catalyst of Reformation?
Church corruption and people going against the Pope
Who had Thomas More beheaded and why?
King Henry VIII, for refusing to recognize the king as the head of the church
Which king of the Tudor dynasty created the Royal Navy?
King Henry VIII
How did the royal navy benefit England?
It stopped foreign invasions of England, which allowed England to spread its political power
Who were HenryVIII's three heirs? Who was the greatest?
Mary, Edward, ELIZABETH
Why was the Spanish Armada important to English history?
England's victory (by the Royal Navy) against the Armada ensured England's/N. Europe's independence from Catholic countries
What led to the decline of the Renaissance?
Bad kings, last great writer died
Queen Elizabeth often wore a mixture of these two colors to symbolize what?
black and white, chastity
a figure of speech in which a speaker addresses an absent or dead person as if it were capable of responding
elaborate figures of speech that makes a surprising connection between two dissimilar things-- John Donne used metaphysical conceit in his works that we studied
14 lines, 3 divisions of 4 and 1 couplet, written in blank verse, solution or summary found in the turn
2 parts: an 8 line section (octave) and 6 line section (sestet)
What was the status of the Catholic church before the Reformation?
Almost everyone in Europe and Britain was Roman Catholic, the church was rich and powerful, Popes were patrons of artists, architects, and scholars
Which Pope commissioned Michaelangelo to paint the ceiling of the Sistine chapel?
Pope Julius II
Who invented the printing press? He also printed the first complete book, an immense Latin Bible, at Mainz, Germany around 1455.
Who made the printing press popular in England?
How, specifically, did the Reformation occur?
Reformers rejected authority of the Pope and Italian churchmen, conflicts with the Pope occured on and off, strong feelings of patriotism and national identity made English people resent financial burdens from the Vatican, new religious ideas were invading England, Martin Luther founded new kind of Christianity, Humanists ridiculed church/clergy corruption
Which king brought about the Protestant Reformation and why?
King Henry VIII, because Pope Clement would not declare him divorced from his wife, Catherine of Aragon.
Because he remained loyal to the Pope during the Protestant Reformation, King Henry VIII had him beheaded
Sir Thomas More
5 Tudor rulers of England
grandfather, father, 3 children
(1457-1509)- seized throne after War of the Roses, shrewd
(1509-1547)- Had 6 wives: Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, Catherine Parr (divorced, beheaded, died, divorced, beheaded, survived)
Daughter of Catherine of Aragon, restored Pope
Son of Jane Seymour, became Edward VI, died of TB
one of the most brilliant/successful monarchs in history, restored law and order, reestablished Church of England, excommunicated by Pope, resisted marriage, survived many assassination attemps
What event was a turning point in English history, and also Elizabeth's finest moment?
When the Royal Navy defeated the Spanish Armada, ensuring England's independence from Catholic countries
Elizabeth was succeeded by...?
her second cousin, James VI of Scotland
James VI of Scotland
spendthrift, difficult reign, passed on throne to his son, Charles I
remote, autocratic, self, destructive (beheaded)
rejected Catholicism, illegally married a minor and went to prison, wrote against Church of Rome, became important figure in the Church of England
John Donne famous works
Song, A Valediction, Meditation 17
contemporary of Shakespeare, died in his 20's, people say that if he would have lived longer, he could have surpassed Shakespeare, drank a lot, died in a bar brawl, wrote Dr. Faustaus
Well educated, entered paper conflict b/w king charles and Parliament, wrote in support of Parliament, became totally blind, arrested as a traitor, continued writing, wrote Paradise Lost (major Epic)
three writers from whom John Milton based his work
Homer, Dante, Virgil
author of Pilgrim's Progress (Christian's journey to salvation), Vanity Fair (a chapter from Pilgrim's Progress)
characteristics of an epic
speaker calls on the muse for help, starts 'in medias res', employs flashbacks, epithets (ie Atilla the Hun, Alexander the Great), elaborate comparisons, ornate language, subject matter of great scale, elevated style, complex structure (syntax), many allusions