What is the vulva?
The external sexual structures of a female
What does the vulva consist of?
Mons veneris, labia majora and minora, the clitoris and vaginal opening
What is the mons veneris?
A mound of fatty tissue that covers the joint of the pubic bones in front of the body, below the abs and above the clit also known as mons pubis
What is the purpose of the mons?
Cushions a woman's body during seual intercourse, protecting her and her partner from pressure of the pubic bone
What is the labia majora?
are large folds of skin that run downward from the mons along the sides of the vulva
What is the purpose of the labia majora?
To protect the inner portion of the female genitals
What is the labia minora?
hairless, light colored membranes, located bewteen the labia majora
The labia minora surround the?
urethral and vaginal openings
The clitoris is the only sex organ whose known function is solely?
What is the clitoris?
A female sex organ consisting of a shaft and gland located above the urethral opening. It is extremely sensitive too sexual stimulation
What is the corpora cavernosa?
Two masses of spongy tissue in the clitral shaft that became engorged with blood and stiffen in response to sexual stimulation
What is the prepuse?
The fold of skin covering the gland of the clit or penis
Both the clitoris and the penis develop from the same embryonic tissue which makes them _______ in structure.
What does homologous mean?
Similar in structure, developing from the same embryonic tissue
What is analogous?
Similar in function
Are the clitoris and penis analogous
No, the clit serves only for pleasure and the penis serves as an excreation path for urine and semen
What is the urethral opening?
The opening through which uring passes through the female body
What is the vestibule in reference to the female body?
refers to the area within the labia minora that contains the openings to the vagina and urethra
What is a clitoridectomy?
Surgical removal of the clitoris
What is cytitis?
an inflamtion of the urinary bladder, burning and frequent urination, blood discharge, ache above pelvic bone
What is the honeymoon cystitis?
Caused by tugging on the bladder and urethral wall during the vaginal intercourse, may begin at beginning of coital activity or upon resuming coital activity after a long period of abstinence11
What is a hymen?
A fold of tissue acorss the vaginal opening that is usually present at birth and remains at least partly inteact until a woman engages in coitus
What is introits?
the vaginal opening
What is the perineum?
The skin and underlying tissue that lies between the vaginal opening and the abus
What is a episiotomy?
A surgical incision in the perineum that may be made during child birth to protect the vagina from tearing
What is a sphincter?
Ring shaped muscles hat surround body openings and open and close by expanding and contracting
What is the crura?
Anatomic structures resembling legs that attach the clitoris to the pubic bone
The crura are attached to the __________ which engorge with blood and stiffen during sexual arousal
What is a pubococcygeus muscle?
The muscle that encircles the entrance of the vagina used in kegal exersizes
What is the vestibular bulb?
Carvernous structures that extend downward along the sides of the introitus and swell during sexual arousal. They are attached to the clitoria at the top and extend downward along the sides of the vaginal opening
What is the bartholin's glands?
Glans that lie just inside the minor lips and secrete fluid just before orgasm
What is the vagina?
The tubular female sex organ that contains the penis during sexual intercourse and through which babiesa re born
The vagina expands in ____ and ______ during sexual arousal/
legnth and width
What are the three layers of the vaginal walls?
The inner lining - vaginal mucosa which is similar to the lining of the mouth and can range from very dry to very wet, the middle layer of wall is muscular and the outer or deep layer is a fibrous covering that connect the vagina to pelvic structures
The vaginal walls are rich with ____ but poorly supplied with ____.
Blood vessels, nerve endings
What is vaginitis?
What is the cervix?
The lower end of the uterus, its walls produce secretions that contribute to the chemical balance of the vagina
What is an os?
The opening in the middle of the cerviz, opens in child birth and allows the passage of sperm into the uterus
What is the uterus?
The hollow, muscular, pear shaped organ in which fertilized ovum implants and developes until birth
What is an ovum?
the uterus is normally tilted?
forward and antroverted
The incidence of cervical cancer has ________ in Canada since early 1970's, largely because women have ______
largely declined, regular pap tests
Most causes of cervical cancer can be sucessfully treated by surgery or
What is radiotherapy?
Treatment of a disease by x rays or by emissions from a radioactive substanece
What is a pap test?
A test of a sample of cervical cells for cervical cancer and other abnormalities
What is the endometrium?
The inner most layer of the uterus
What is endometriosis?
A condition caused by the growth of endometrial tissue in the abnormal cavity or elsewee outside the uterus, and is charaterized by mentral pain, can lead to infertility if untreated
What is a hysterectomy?
surgical removal of the uterus
What are the symptoms and consequences of an ectopic pregnency?
Missed mentral period, abdominal pain, spotting, could burst tube
What are the ovaries
Almond shaped organs that produce ova and the hormones estrogen and progesterone these are part of the endocrine system
What is progesterone?
A steroid hormone secreted by the corpus liteum of prepared sunthetically that stimulates proliferation of the endometrium and is involved in regulation of the menstral cycle
The human female is born with all the ___ she will ever have
what is a follicle?
a capsule within an ovary that contains the ovum