Ch. 2: Cultural Diversity

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Culture

may be defined as a shared system of beliefs, values, and behavioral expectations that provides social structure for daily living.

cultural diversity

people of varying cultures, racial and ethnic origin, religion, language, physical size, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, socioeconomic status, occupational status, and geographic location.

subculture

a large group of people who are members of an even larger cultural group, but who have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics that are not common to the larger culture.

culture shock

feelings a person experiences when placed in a different culture perceived as strange.

ethnicity

a sense of identification with a collective cultural group, largely based on the group's common heritage.

d). Healthcare systems

Nursing is a subculture of which of the following larger cultures in our society? a). Healthcare providers. b). Organizations of Nurses. c) Institutions d). Healthcare systems

Culture

A shared system of beliefs, values, and behavioral expectations that provides social structure for daily living.

True. Language is the primary means of transmitting culture

True or false: Language is the primary means of transmitting culture

True.

True or false: Cultural practices and beliefs may evolve over time but they mainly remain constant as longs as they satisfy a group's needs

Subculture

A large group of people who are members of an even larger cultural group, but who have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics that are not common to the larger culture.

Dominant group

The group that has the most ability to control the values and sanctions of the society.

Cultural assimilation

When the values and cultural characteristics of a minority group are lost and replaced by those of the dominant group.

Culture shock

The feelings a person experiences when placed in a different culture perceived as strange. Usually some level of psychological discomfort.

Factors inhibiting sensitivity to diversity

1. stereotyping 2. cultural imposition 3. cultural blindness 4. cultural conflict.

Stereotyping

When one assumes that all members of a culture, ethnic group, or race act alike.

Cultural imposition

The belief that everyone should conform to your own belief system.

Cultural blindness

When one ignores cultural differences and proceeds as though they did not exist.

Ethnicity

A sense of identification with a collective cultural group, largely based on the group's common heritage.

Common health problems among American Indians

Heart disease, Cirrhosis, Diabetes mellitus, fetal alcohol syndrome.

Common health problems among African Americans

Hypertension, stroke, sickle cell anemia, lactose intolerance, keloids

Common health problems among Asian/Pacific Islanders

Hypertension, liver cancer, lactose intolerance, thalassemia

Common health problems among Hispanics

Diabetes mellitus, lactose intolerance

Common health problems among Whites

Breast cancer, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity

Cultural influences on Healthcare (9)

Physiology, Reactions to Pain, Mental Health norms, Gender Roles, Language, Orientation to space and time, Food/nutrition, family support, socioeconomic factors

Definition of providing culturally competent care

Care that is planned, and implemented in a way that is sensitive to the needs of individuals, families, and groups from diverse populations within society.

Ethnocentrism

tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups

False: conforming to the majority belief system is cultural imposition.

T or F: Cultural blindness is the belief that everyone should conform to the majority belief system.

False: this describes culture shock.

T or F: Stereotyping describes the feelings a person experiences when place in a different culture

True

T or F: Each culture defines food groups in a manner that is particular to that culture

False.

T or F: When providing care to people from different cultures, it is important to allow past experiences to guide solutions to all cultural situations

True

T or F: Culture is an important component of individuality that affects in individual's perception of pain

Ethnicity

_________is the sense of identification with a collective cultural group, largely based on the group's common heritage.

Space

Personal___________is the area around a person that is regarded as part of the person.

Assessment

The performance of a cultural_____________is an effective way to identify specific factors that influence a patient's behavior.

Dominant

The__________group is the group within a country or society that has the most authority to control values and sanctions.

Subculture

A large group of people who are members of a larger cultural group but have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics is known as a(n)____________.

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