Immunologic Emergencies

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Allergic Reaction

An exaggerated immune response to a stimulus.

Anaphylaxis?

A severe allergic reaction that is life threatening.

- Wheezing

- Widespread Hives

- Possible hypotension as a result of hypovolemic shock

Urticaria

A raised area of itching and/or burning on the skin.

Wheal

A raised swollen well-defined area on the skin.

Signs/Symptoms of an allergic reaction?

- itching

- swelling of skin

- hives

- wheezing and/or stridor

- persistant cough

- Hypoperfusion

- abdominal cramps

- dizziness

- headache

When should you provide rapid transport for a patient with an allergic reaction?

ALWAYS

What are some common allergens for food?

- Shellfish

- nuts

- milk

- egg

- peanuts

- fish

- wheat

- soy

Should you place ice over an insect bite/sting?

Yes

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