What is one half of the earth, divided by the equator or the prime meridian?
An underground layer of porous rock, gravel, or sand containing water that may reach the earth's surface through springs or wells is an...
What measures the position north or south of the equator?
Periodic count of the population is a...
What are communities just outside a city called?
What is the imaginary line that divides the earth into eastern and western hemispheres?
What is a vast, treeless plain called?
What is the basic unit of measurement in the geographic grid system?
What is the study of people and how they use the land?
What is a geographic area characterized by shared features?
What is the study of the earth's land?
If you know a place's exact position on the earth's surface, then you know its...
What do you call a city and all the areas surrounding it?
The position of a place relative, or in comparison to another place or landmark is its...
Mountains and Basins, Coastal Plains, Great Plains, North Central Plains
What are the four natural regions of Texas?
Dry, flat, few trees
What are some characteristics of the Great Plains region?
What measures the location of places on earth east or west of the Prime Meridian?
Which date each year has the fewest hours of daylight in the Northern Hemisphere?
Which special parallel is located farthest from Texas?
What is the most important element in San Antonio's recent economic growth?
What is Texas' rank in the nation in farming income?
Mountainous, dry, no subregions
What are some characteristics of the Mountains and Basins region?
Which type of crops to plant
What does knowing the length of the growing season help determine?
When discussing the day to day conditions in an area regarding temperature and precipitation, you are talking about the...
When discussing the expected weather conditions at a place, over a period of time, you are talking about...
"The normal temperature for the city of Denton in July is 95" is a statement about...
Houston and Dallas
What are the two largest metropolitan areas in Texas?
What city does the Edwards Aquifer supply water for?
What is an important tributary of the Rio Grande?
What made it possible for early peoples to remain in one place?
Native Texans living on the plains were ...
Cabeza de Vaca
Who wrote a journal that is considered the first work of Texas literature?
What year was the Texas coast first sighted by a Eurpean?
The mouth of the Mississippi
What was La Salle searching for when he sailed into the Gulf of Mexico in 1684?
In which region are most Texas cities located?
What type of Native American village is built of adobe?
Who explored areas of present-day New Mexico, Texas, and Kansas in his search for Cibola?
Kickapoo, Tigua, Alabama-Coushatta
Which 3 Native American groups have reservations in Texas today?
What do you call a settlement founded to spread Christianity to the people of an area?
What is a person who preyed on ships in the 1600's called?
Who was a Spanish explorer who searched for wealth and land in the Americas?
Which highly skilled horseback-riding tribe roamed the Great Plains and Panhandle of Texas hunting for buffalo?
Cabeza de Vaca
Who led the survivors of the Narvaez expedition across Texas and back to Mexico?
The period before written history is known as...
Who was the Spanish explorer commissioned to map the coastline along the Gulf of Mexico and consequently was the first to view the Texas coast in 1519?
What do you call a military post or fortified settlement in an area under Spanish control?
What is a person who moves from place to place with no permanent home?
Gold and riches
What motivated the Spanish to explore New Spain?
Fort St. Louis
Spanish expeditions were sent to locate and destroy which fort?
The Chicken War
What demonstrated that Spain's presence in East Texas was very weak?
To help secure Spain's claim on Texas
Why were colonists from the Canary Islands brought to Texas?
The Arroyo Hondo
What was the unofficial boundary between Spanish Texas and French Louisiana?
Named several rivers
What did Alonso de Leon do as he traveled through Texas?
Native Tribes in the area
What were many of the East Texas missions named for?
After La Salle's colony failed, what were the French mainly interested in?
What was Spain's main tool for colonization?
What type of Spanish settlement was responsible for protecting the colonists?
Who was the Spanish official who served as mayor, sheriff, and judge?
Who was the Mexican priest who believed in the Enlightenment?
Who traveled to Texas in 1820 to ask permission to bring 300 U.S. families to Texas?
What did Jean Laffite use Galveston Island as a headquarters for?
Stephen F. Austin
Who was the first empresario in Texas?
Which agreement set the northern and eastern borders of Texas?
Stephen F. Austin traveled to Mexico in 1822 after learning that Mexico had become...
Army of the People
In 1835, 300 Texans at Gonzales organized themselves into the...
Battle of Velasco
In which Battle did Texan and Mexican soldiers shoot at each other for the first time?
Battle of Gonzales
What was the first battle of the Texas Revolution?
Joel R. Poinsett
Who was sent by the U.S. government to talk to Mexican officials about purchasing Texas?
Mission in West Texas that closed after repeated attacks by the Comanche
San Antonio de Bexar
What was the most important Spanish colony in early Texas?
To leave home to settle elsewhere is to ...
After the "Chicken War," what became the capital of the province of Texas?
What religion was practiced in the Spanish missions?
San Francisco de los Tejas
What was the first mission in East Texas (named after the Caddo)?
What was an adventurer who engaged in a rebellious activity in a foreign country called?
To surrender by treaty or agreement is to _____ the land.
Louis de St. Denis
Who was the Frenchman arrested for entering Spanish territory?
What was a person of Mexican descent living in Texas called?
G.T.T. (Gone to Texas)
What mark was left behind when settlers moved to Texas?
What was the conflict around Nacogdoches that confirmed Mexican fears that Texans were trying to take over the government?
Law of April 6 1830
What outlawed immigration from the United States to Mexico?
Who received support from Texans initially because he claimed to support states' rights?
Because it provided for more local control
Why did most Texans support a states' rights constitution for Mexico?
The Battle of Gonzales took place mainly because the Texans refused to surrender their ______ to the Mexican Army.
They set up a provisional government.
What did the delegates to the Consultation at San Felipe in 1835 accomplish?
When he represented a U.S. citizen in an effort to help him reclaim his runaway slaves.
When did William Travis first became involved in the Texan cause?
to deliver the Texans' resolutions to Mexican officials
Why did Stephen F. Austin travel to Mexico City in 1833?
gave him control of the government
In 1832, Santa Anna organized a revolution in Mexico that...
special purpose map
A military map is one example of a...
What do street names and landmarks tell you about the position of a particular place?
lakes, rivers, mountains, certain types of vegetation
What is an example of a physical feature that defines a location's physical environment?
Texas is made up mainly of ________.
Late Prehistoric Period
The period in which Native Texans first began to use the bow and arrow.
They died of previously unknown diseases.
What was one way the Native Texans were affected by the arrival of European settlers?
Though the rebellion led by Father Hidalgo and Las Casas failed, the resulting hunger for freedom grew into a movement for...
inexpensive land, adventure and personal gain, and to escape problems in the U.S.
What were some reasons that settlers came to Texas?
pledge loyalty to Spain and to convert to Catholicism
What two things did early colonists planning to move to Texas have to do?
They feared that Americans would outnumber Spaniards, making it easier for them to seize control of the territory.
Why were Spanish officials worried about the number of Americans settling in Spanish territory?
to make Texas independent from Spain
What was the goal of all of the filibuster expeditions into Texas?
was jailed for treason by the Mexican government.
After meeting with Santa Anna in Mexico City in 1833, Stephen F. Austin...
In the hopes that it would slow immigration from the U.S.
Why was slavery abolished in Mexico in 1829?
John Davis Bradburn
Who caused trouble in Anahuac by arresting an innocent land commissioner, arresting Patrick Jack and William Barrett Travis, and by forcing settlers to provide labor and materials to build a new fort.
the Law of April 6, 1830
What legislation increased tensions between Texans and Mexican government and eventually led to revolution?
Who led the Texans to victory at the Battle of San Jacinto?
the letter written by William Travis asking for more volunteers to defend the Alamo
What document has been called the most heroic document in Texas history?
March 2, 1836
What is Texas's Independence Day?
the Battle of San Jacinto
What battle ended the Texas Revolution?