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Louis Pastuer

French chemist_______ showed that tiny germs could cause disease

Guglielmo Marconi

In 1901, Italian pioneer_____ invented the radio

Women's Suffrage

The_______ movement wanted to expand voting right

Standard of Living

Industrialization made a wide variety of product available at lower prices causing the overall_____ or worker to rise

Alfred Nobel

The fortune______ made from his invention of dynamite funded prizes that are still awarded today

Claude Monet

Impressionist painter_________ relied on the viewer eye to mix point stokes into patches of color

Beethvoven

German compose_____ took full advantage of the broad range instrument in the modern orchestra

Bourgeoise

Bankers and merchants were members of the_____, or French middle class

Olympe de Gouges

During the French Revolution____ was executed for demanding equal right for woman

Urban Renewal

City planners in Europe used some of the wealth from industrialization for_____ or rebuilding poor overs of the city

Temperance Movement

Reformers in the worked to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages

Stock

To raise many from investors, corporation sell____, or shares of ownership in the business

Continental System

Napoleon tried to defeat the British by using the______, a strategy of closing European ports to British goods

Plebiscite

Each time Napoleon held a_____ during his rise to power, the voters the voters strongly supported him

Guerrilla Warfare

Spanish patriot used_____, or hit and run raids to resist French rule

Napoleonic Code

The laws of the_____ included many Enlightenment ideas

Marquis de Lafayette

The moderate revolutionary leader______ fought alongside George Washington hand head of the French National Guard

Robespierre

Radical revolutionary_____ was a leader of the Reign of Terror

Ancien Regime

The old order in which France was divided into three social classes was called the________

Guillotine

During the Reign of Terror condemned people were beheaded using the_______

Sect

When a Protestant group broke away from the Catholic Church, it became a religious______

Niccolo Machiavalli

In his The Prince_____ wrote a guided to ruler on how to gain and keep power

Theocracy

The government run by church leaders in Genevra in 1541 was a______

Nicolaus Copernicus

The sun is at the center of the universe according to a theory of___

Leonardo de Vinci

Before airplanes were invented______ made sketches of flying machines

Isaac Newton

The scientist______ showed that gravity keeps planets in their orbits around the sun

Johann Gutenberg

A printing revolution began when_______ invented a printing press using movable type

Predestination

Those who believe in____ think that God has already decide who will be saved

Florence

With the support of the Medici family the city-stayte of_____ produced many Renaissance artist and scholars

Flanders

The northern Renaissance began in the thriving trading reign of______

Middle Passage

The______ was part of the triangular trade route during which African slaves were brought to the Americas

Moctezuma

The Aztec emperor who ruled over the fabulous city of Tenochtitlan was________

Entrepreneurs

People who take financial risks t o make money are_____

Conquistadors

The Spanish who conquered the Americas were called________

Encomiedas

Under a system called______ Native Americans were forced to work under brutal conditions

Viceroys

High officials called______________ ruled large colonial territories in the name of the monarch

Mercantilism

The economic policy called______ was based on a nation exporting more goods than in imports

Hernan Cortes

In 1521, an expedition led by captured the treasure of the Aztecs

Jacques Cartier

The explorer______ claimed much of present-day eastern Canada for France

Privateers

Pirates who operated with the approval of European government were_________

Divine Right

Many European monarchs believed in_______ or that their authority came directly from God

Cabinets

A______ consists of high-ranking government leaders who advise a head of state

Boyars

Landowning Russian noble, or ____ opposed Peter the Great's attempts at westernization

Electers

The German princes who chose the Holy Romans emperor were called_____

Huguenots

King Henry IV passed laws to protect French Protestant who were called__________

Partitions

The_____ of Poland divided Polish lands among Russian, Prussia and Austria

Dissenters

English Protestant who differed with the Church of England were known as______

El Greco

A Greek painter______ was a master of the Spanish style

Mercenaries

During the Trinity Year's War roving armies killed without mercy.

Intendants

Royal officials who carried out the policies of Louis XIV were called______

Fief

A_____ was an estate granted to a vassal by his lord

Nubia

The people of______ created a thriving trade center in their capital Meroe

Mongols

The_____ ruled much of Asia in the 1200s and 1300s

Kiev

_____ was the center of the first Russian state

Serfs

In the system of feudalism_____ were peasants bound to the land

Knight

A____ was a mounted warrior

Justinian

_____ was the Byzantine emperor who collected the law of ancient Rome

Mansa Musa

The greatest emperor of Mali was____

Vernacular

The____ is everyday language of ordinary people

Daimyo

The_____ were the great warrior lords of Japan

Entreprenurs

Capitalist called____ take on the financial risk of staring and managing new business

Robert Owen

______ put his utopia idea into practice by setting up a model community in New Landmark Scotland

Jeremy Bentham

British philosopher and economist_____ believed in a utilitarian

Proletariat

Marx referred to the working class as the_____

Urbanization

The Industrial Revolution brought rapid_____ as people migrated to cities to find work

Enterprise

A business organization or_____ in areas such as shipping mining or factories helped fuel the Industrial Revolution

Turnpikes

Travelers on a_ or private road often had to pay a fee for its use

Anesthetic

A drug that prevents pain during surgery, called an______ was patented by an American dentist

Tenement

Working-class families in cities typically lived in a_____ or multistory apartment building

James Watt

_______ improved the steam engine in the late 1700s helping to provide power for the Industrial Revolution

What was a major threat to the empire to Charles V?

Ottoman advancing across Europe

An important goal of Philip II of Spain was to

defend the Catholic Reformation

In 1598 the Edict of Nantes helped to ensure

that French Protestants would not be persecuted

What type was of government was created in england by the Glorious? Revolution?

limited monarchy

What was a result of the tready known as the Peace of Westphalia in 1648?

The Netherlands became part of the Hapsburg empire

What did Maria Theresa do to strengthen the Hapsburg empire?

She reorganized the Hapsburg bureaucracy

Peter the Great waged war against the Ottoman empire to

gain a warm-water port on the Black Sea

What was one important result of the Estates-General?

the National Assembly

What was the model for the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen?

the American Declaration of Independence

The National Assembly voted to pay off the huge government debt by selling lands owned by

the Church

In 1792, what form of government did the radicals create at the new National Convention?

a republic

Which nation was able to remain outside Napoleon's European empire?

British

What war tactic helped the Russians defeat Napoleon?

scorched-earth policy

Why did the Congress of Vienna redrew the national boundaries of Europe?

to create a balanced of power

The city of Geneva became a model of Protestant morality under its leader

John Calvin

As a result of the Peace of Augburg in 1555

each German prince could decide the religion for his lands

Sir Thomas More was executed because he

would not accept Henry VIII as head of the Church in England

The pope set up the Council of Trent

direct the reform of the Catholic Church

What common subject of the northern Renaissance did Albrecht Durer's engravings portray

scenes of peasant life

Rene Descartes believed that the best way to learn truth was to use

reason

In the 1600s, Robert Boyle's work transformed the field of

chemistry

The first simple electrics motor and the first dynamo for generating electricity were both invented

Michael Faraday

What effect did the assembly line have on the cost goods?

It made the goods cheaper

What was a major reason for the population explosion in Europe between 1800 and 1900

Medical advances reduced the death rate

Which of the following phrase reflected the cult of demestricty?

"A man's home is his castle"

Normal School trained students to be

teachers

John Dalton develpoed modern atomic theory by showing that

each element has it own kind of atom

What theory applied the idea of natural selection to society?

Social Darwinism

Suppose an artist of the 1800s chose to portray the harsh lives of slum dwellers. Which style below would this artist be using?

realism

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