Egyptian god of the underworld
Pyramids of Giza
functioned as tombs. 13 acres in width
not temples-tombs of the pharaohs
buried with things they need for journey
the ancient Egyptian system of writing that used symbols to stand for objects, ideas, or sounds.
portrait statues provided an alternative dwelling place for the ka; rigid formula for representing the human figure- depicted with a front view of the eye and shoulders and profile view of the head, arms and legs; made of hard substances like granite and diorite; standing or seated, included few projecting, breakable parts; pose was always frontal and bisymetrical with arms close to torso; human anatomy was an approximation
similar two two dimensional sculpture work in that their 3 dimensional forms are raised from a flat background
Early Classical Greece. 1st sculptor concerned with how human beings actually stand. Contraposto. Heads turns to the right, breaking the rule of frontality. Seperates Classical from Archaic Periods
600-500 BCE; styles mainly of surface decoration and sculpture, falling in time between Geometric art and the art of classical Greece.
A marble sculpture depicting the Trojan priest Laocoon and his sons entangled by two sea serpents sent by Apollo
Nike of Samothrace
Hellenistic period Greek sculpture: the symbol of winged victory 190 BCE Marble
the temple of Athena Parthenon on the Acropolis at Athens, completed c438 b.c. by Ictinus and Callicrates and decorated by Phidias: regarded as the finest Doric temple. Photo is from the replica in Nashville, TN
Doric (flat slab), Ionic (volute), Corinthian (acanthus leaf)
A circular temple, dedicated to all of the Roman gods with a fine Corinthian portico and a great domed roof.
Marcus Aurelius Equestrian Statue
176AD - Bronze Roman statue. The only remaining one of it's kind.
Villa of Mysteries, Pompeii
mid 1st c BC; fresco mural from the Roman city. Well preserved because of volcanic ash.
King Tut mask
1,323 BCE; Egyptian,made of gold and precious stones. Sculpted and utilitarian, but not made expressly for it's wearer. One of the most well-known Egyptian artifacts.
Eye of Horus
5,000 years ago. Amulet to guard against disease, suffering, and devils. History: Horus lost vision in attack by Seth; mother (Isis) called on Thoth for help; eye restored. evolved into modern day Rx symbol. Commonly found on Egyptian jewelry.
Roman sculpture (busts)
Gave sense of dignity and nobility, realistic, lifelike images
Rome's largest stadium featuring shows of animals, gladiators and architectural marvel. Our modern stadium's are patterned after this structure.
the Egyptian Pharaoh who tried to convert the Egyptians from polytheism to monotheism. Also changed the art stylization of Egypt for a short period of time. Art became less stylized and more realistic.
Bust of Queen Nefertiti
1500-1200 BCE New Kingdom
Painted Limestone; gives a sense of elegance, realism and feminine beauty. Shows wife of Akhenaten.
red figure/black figure. Painted vessel, utilitarian in purpose.
Roman Emperor who promoted tolerance to all religions in the Roman Empire and legalized Christianity.
Jackal god of mummification
(Greek mythology) goddess of wisdom and useful arts and prudent warfare
the Egyptian symbol of life; a cross with a loop at the top. Often worn as jewelry.