The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
Ludwig van Beethoven
A composer who earned his/her living as a violin virtuoso was
One of the few composers fortunate enough to be supported by private patrons was
Peter Illyich Tchaikovsky
Musical criticism was a source of income for both Berlioz and
When music conservatories were founded, women
were at first accepted only as student of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition
A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the
Public concerts had developed during the eighteenth century, but only in the nineteenth century did regular ___________ concerts become common
It is interesting to note that an American orchestra, the __________, is one of the two orchestras that are the third-oldest in the world.
New York Philharmonic
In the 1830s, Paris was
a center of romanticism
the artistic capital of Europe
the home of Victor Hugo, Honore de Balzac, and Heinrich Heine
shy and reserved
Most of Chopin's pieces
are exquisite miniatures
Chopin's Revolutionary Etude in C Minor develops the pianist's left hand because
the left hand must play rapid passages throughout
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as a(n)
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with nighttime, is known as a(n)
The __________ is a dance in triple meter that originated as a stately processional for the Polish nobility.
Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing ______________ and _____________.
Among Liszt's favorite inspirations were the literary works of
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Liszt typified the romantic movement because he
had a charismatic personality
was an innovative composer
was a stupendous performer
Liszt's piano works are characterized by
rapid octaves and daring leaps
an unprecedented range of dynamics
In many of his works, Liszt unified contrasting moods by a process known as
During his teens and twenties, Liszt lived in
As a youth, Liszt was influenced by the performances of
Liszt created the __________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become a court conductor at ___________, where he championed works by contemporary composers.
Until the age of thirty-six, Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso
The high point of Mendelssohn's career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio __________ in England.
Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin in E Minor opens with a(n)
soloist, who present the main theme
The three movements of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin
are played without pause
In the first movement of the Concerto for Violin, the cadenza
appears at the end of the development sections as a transition to the recapitulation
Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of
Johann Sebastian Bach
The work referred to by Beethoven as an "expression of feeling rather than painting" was his
A _________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
The composer who developed the symphonic poem was
Today's movie scores may be regarded as examples of
Nonprogram music is also known as _________ music.
In order to support his family, Berlioz turned to
Parisians were startled by Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony because of its
sensationally autobiographical program
amazingly novel orchestration
vivid description of the weird and diabolical
In 1830 the Paris Conservator awarded Berlioz
the Prix de Rome
The liturgical melody quoted in the last movement of the Fantastic Symphony is the
Outside France, Hector Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a(n)
Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz's
love for actress Harriet Smithson
The fourth movement of the Fantastic Symphony depicts a
march to the scaffold
Which of the following was not composed by Berlioz?
The Sorcerer's Apprentice
The second movement of the Fantastic Symphony is a ___________, the most popular dance of the romantic era.
The most original, and probably greatest of the Russian five, was
The founder of the Czech national music was
Liberetti that fanned the public's hatred for its Austrian overlords were deliberately chosen by the composer
Smetana grew up when Bohemia was under _________ domination.
Smetana's most popular opera is _________.
The Bartered Bride
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia's man river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river and the musical composition, is the
The first American concert pianist to gain international recognition was
Louis Moreau Gottschalk
Antonin Dvorak's music was first promoted by
Dvorak _________ quoted actual folk tunes in his compostions.
In the first movement of the New World Symphony, Dvorak introduces a gracious melody that resembles the spiritual
Swing Low, Sweet Chariot
In 1892, Dvorak went to ______________, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music.
Dvorak "found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school" in the
The popular character of the Dvorak's New World Symphony can be traced to the composer's use of ____________ often found in folk music.
Nadezhda con Meck was
a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity
At its premiere in 1870, Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet Overture was
a dismal failure
Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky?
Russian Easter Overture
Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet is a(n)
Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony
ends with a slow, despairing finale
Brahm's works though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of
Ludwig van Beethoven
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Brahm's musical trademarks included
the use of two notes against threee
Johannes Brahm's Symphony No.3 in F Major
is the shortest of his four symphonies
is characterized by thematic connections among its four movements
contains striking contrasts between major and minor
Which of the following statements about the third movement of Brahm's Symphony No. 3 in F Major is not true?
It utilizes a large orchestra
In comparison to some earlier compositions, Brahm's musical output may be considered small. This is explained in part by the fact that Brahms
was extremely critical of his own work, and endlessly revised his compositions
The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was
Ludwig van Beethoven
Wagner called his works musical dramas rather than opera because
there is a continuous musical flow within each act
there are no breaks where applause can interrupt
the vocal line is inspired by the rhythms and pitches of German text
Wagner's last opera was
The librettos to the Ring of the Nibelung was written by
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Wagner in his operas is called
Valhalla in Wagner's Ring cycle, is
the castle of the gods
Wagner had an opera house built to his own specifications in
Wagner's first successful opera was
Sigmund, in Wagner's opera Die Walkure, is
Sieglinde's brother, then wife
Wotan's son by mortal womean
Which of the following operas was not composed by Wagner?
Instrumental music endowed with literary or pictorial associations, popular during the romantic period, is called
The typical orchestra of the late romantic period numbered about ___________ musicians.
Music intended to be performed before or during a play, to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action, is known as
Instrumental music that is written for its own sake, and for which the composer does not provide a program, is called
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
Approximately, the romantic period encompassed the years
All of the following composers are associated with the romantic period except
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozat
Which of the following is not a characteristic of romanticism?
The movement in opera known as verismo is best exemplified by