type of thinking in which a problem is seen as having only one answer, and all lines of thinking will eventually lead to that single answer, using previous knowledge and logic
describes a symmetrical, bell shaped curve that shows the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes
The success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict; it is assessed by computing the correlation between test scores and the criterion behavior.
proposed a theory of multiple intelligences that divides intelligence into seven different types, all of which are equally important
Frenchman who originally developed the IQ test in order to help identify children needing additional assistance in Parisian schools.
suggested that individual differences in intelligence were largely due to differences in amount of a general factor called g
Suggests three intelligences rather than eight:Analytical, Creative, and Practical Intelligence.
a test designed to predict a person's future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn.
Psychologist who was opposed to a single score summarizing intelligence and developed multiple scales to assess IQ. Gave a verbal IQ score, performance IQ score, and total IQ score.
the worldwide phenomenon that shows intelligence test performance has been increasing over the years
one's ability to reason speedily and abstractly; tends to decrease during late adulthood
defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretested standardization group.
a condition in which a person otherwise limited in mental ability has an exceptional specific skill, such as in computation or drawing
a condition of retardation and associated physical disorders caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21.
a self-confirming concern that one will be evaluated based on a negative stereotype.
general adaptation syndrome (GAS)
Selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages--alarm, resistance, exhaustion (GAS)
problem focused coping
Attempting to alleviate stress directly by changing the stressor or the way we interact with that stressor.
emotion focused coping
attempting to alleviate stress by avoiding or ignoring a stressor and attending to emotional needs related to one's stress reaction