Chemistry: Naming Binary Covalent Compounds

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Make use of the prefixes mono (for the second element only), di-, tri-, tetra-, penta-, hexa-, hepta-, octa-, nona- and deca- to associate the formulae of various binary covalent compounds with their names.

carbon dioxide

CO₂

carbon monoxide

CO

diphosphorus pentoxide

P₂O₅

dinitrogen monoxide

N₂O

silicon dioxide

SiO₂

carbon tetrabromide

CBr₄

sulphur trioxide

SO₃

phosphorus pentabromide

PBr₅

iodine trichloride

ICl₃

nitrogen triiodide

NI₃

dinitrogen trioxide

N₂O₃

dinitrogen tetroxide

N₂O₄

sulphur dioxide

SO₂

nitrogen monoxide

NO

nitrogen dioxide

NO₂

phosphorus trichloride

PCl₃

carbon tetrachloride

CCl₄

water

H₂O

sulfur hexafluoride

SF₆

tetraphosphorus trisulphide

P₄S₃

ammonia

NH₃

methane

CH₄

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