When did World War I begin and end?
Causes of WWI
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism & Industrialism, Nationalism, Assassination of Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria Hungary who was assassinated at Sarajevo by a Serbian terrorist group called the Black Hand; his death was a trigger to the start of World War I.
Alliance during World War I: Great Britain, France, and Russia, later joined by the Italy and U.S.
World War I alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire
a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
No man's land
A strip of land beween the trenches of opposing armies
World War I Weapons
Machine guns, tanks, chemical gases, rifles, airplanes, U-boats( Submarines)
How did civilians contribute during World War I?
1. rationed and saved food for the war effort
2. worked in factories
3. purchased war bonds
Used to encourage participation in the war and to gain support against the enemy
Battle of Tannenberg
,one of the first battles of WWI and Germany defeated Russia
Battle of Gallipoli
Battle on Gallipoli Peninsula in 1915 allies lost to central powers
Battle of Argonne
Major turning point in the war in favor of the allies. The help of U.S. troops during this battle will lead to cease fire agreement with Germany.
U.S. President, who led USA into WWI.
The Big Four
France- Clemenceau (wants revenge) , England- David Lloyd George (wants revenge) , U.S. - Woodrow Wilson ( wants peace w/ no wars) , Italy- Vittorio Orlando ( wants land)
Events leading up to America's entrance into WWI
1.Sinking of Lusitania
2.German U-Boat attacks
3. Zimmerman Telegram
Nov. 11th 1918
The day Germany signed the armistice. This brought the fighting to an end.
Treaty of Versialles
treaty signed at the end of WWI
Aftermath of WWI
Germany was forced to accept guilt, pay money to the allies and decrease the military and loss of land
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Around 15 million killed on both sides of the war. The central powers suffered the most casualties.
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry before the war
forced military service
Consequences of WWI
1.Countries in Europe will be broke and devastated. 2.Germany will be seeking revenge.3. New boundaries in eastern Europe will create an unstable environment