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5 Written questions

4 Matching questions

  1. Penicillin
  2. Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  3. Key concept
  4. penicillin-binding protein
  1. a Pathogens are organisms that cause disease owing to their ability to divide rapidly or secrete toxins.
  2. b Many bacterial cell walls contain this substance, that serves as a receptor for penicillin.
  3. c Fluoroquinolone or miscellaneous
  4. d Prototype drug: penicillin G (Pentids)
    Mechanism of action: to kill bacteria by disrupting their cell walls
    Primary use: as drug of choice against streptococci, pneumococci, and staphylococci organisms that do not produce penicillinase
    -Also medication of choice for gonorrhea and syphilis
    Adverse effects: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, superinfections, anaphylaxis

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Acquired resistance occurs when a pathogen acquires a gene for bacterial resistance, either through mutation or from another microbe. Resistance results in loss of antibiotic effectiveness and is worsened by the overprescribing of these agents.
  2. Drug-resistant bacteria free to grow, in the presence of antibiotic therapy, and the client develops an infection that is resistant to conventional drug therapy.
  3. A common word used to describe a pathogen.
  4. The antibiotic that is known as the "last chance" drug, for treatment of resistant infections.
  5. Bacteria that grow best without oxygen.

5 True/False questions

  1. PenicillinsPrototype drug: penicillin G (Pentids)
    Mechanism of action: to kill bacteria by disrupting their cell walls
    Primary use: as drug of choice against streptococci, pneumococci, and staphylococci organisms that do not produce penicillinase
    -Also medication of choice for gonorrhea and syphilis
    Adverse effects: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, superinfections, anaphylaxis

          

  2. antibioticBacteria that grow best without oxygen.

          

  3. CephalosporinPrototype drug: cefotaxime (Claforan)
    Mechanism of action: to act with broad-spectrum activity against gram-negative organisms
    Primary use: for serious infections of lower respiratory tract, central nervous system, genitourinary system, bones, blood, and joints
    Adverse effects: hypersensitivity, anaphylaxis, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, pain at injection site

          

  4. host floraNormal microorganisms that inhabit the skin and the upper respiratory, genitourinary, and intestinal tracts.

          

  5. EscherichiaRocky Mountain spotted fever

          

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