5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Key concept
- a The macrolides are safe alternatives to penicillin. They are effective against most gram-postive bacteria and many gram-negative species.
- b Veneral disease, endometriosis
- c A general term for any medication that is effective against pathogens.
- d Bacteria that grow best without oxygen.
- e Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, flatulence,
diarrhea, mild phototoxicity, rash, dizziness,
stinging/burning with topical applications
**Anaphylaxis, secondary infections, hepatotoxicity,
5 Multiple choice questions
- Normal microorganisms that inhabit the skin and the upper respiratory, genitourinary, and intestinal tracts.
- Medications that treat by killing bacteria.
- Bacteria that contain a thick cell wall and retain a purple color after staining. Staphylococci, streptococci, and enterococci.
- effective for MRSA infections
•Adverse effects: ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, red man syndrome
5 True/False questions
pathogenicity → The ability of an organism to cause infection.
Sulfonamides → •Are bacteriostatic and act by inhibiting folic acid
•Are broad spectrum
•Widespread use leads to resistance.
•Used in a combination to treat UTIs
•Also used to treat Pneumocystis carinii and shigella
•Anti-inflammatory properties can help with rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis
•Serious adverse effects
-Crystal development in urine, hypersensitivity reactions
-Nausea, vomiting, potentially fatal blood abnormalities
Vancomycin (Vancocin) → Fluoroquinolone or miscellaneous
Vancomycin (Vancocin) → The antibiotic that would most likely be used for the dental client allergic to penicillin.
Key concept → The aminoglycosides are narrow-spectrum drugs, most commonly prescribed for infections by aerobic, gram-negative bacteria. They have the potential to cause serious adverse effects such as ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and neuromuscular blockade.