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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Chlamydia
  2. anti-infective
  3. Key concept
  4. anaerobic
  5. Tetracyclines
  1. a The macrolides are safe alternatives to penicillin. They are effective against most gram-postive bacteria and many gram-negative species.
  2. b Veneral disease, endometriosis
  3. c A general term for any medication that is effective against pathogens.
  4. d Bacteria that grow best without oxygen.
  5. e Nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping, flatulence,
    diarrhea, mild phototoxicity, rash, dizziness,
    stinging/burning with topical applications
    **Anaphylaxis, secondary infections, hepatotoxicity,
    exfoliative dermatitis

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Normal microorganisms that inhabit the skin and the upper respiratory, genitourinary, and intestinal tracts.
  2. Medications that treat by killing bacteria.
  3. Cephalosporin
  4. Bacteria that contain a thick cell wall and retain a purple color after staining. Staphylococci, streptococci, and enterococci.
  5. effective for MRSA infections
    •Adverse effects: ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, red man syndrome

5 True/False questions

  1. pathogenicityThe ability of an organism to cause infection.


  2. Sulfonamides•Are bacteriostatic and act by inhibiting folic acid
    •Are broad spectrum
    •Widespread use leads to resistance.
    •Used in a combination to treat UTIs
    •Also used to treat Pneumocystis carinii and shigella
    •Anti-inflammatory properties can help with rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis
    Adverse Effects-
    •Generally safe
    •Serious adverse effects
    -Crystal development in urine, hypersensitivity reactions
    -Nausea, vomiting, potentially fatal blood abnormalities


  3. Vancomycin (Vancocin)Fluoroquinolone or miscellaneous


  4. Vancomycin (Vancocin)The antibiotic that would most likely be used for the dental client allergic to penicillin.


  5. Key conceptThe aminoglycosides are narrow-spectrum drugs, most commonly prescribed for infections by aerobic, gram-negative bacteria. They have the potential to cause serious adverse effects such as ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity, and neuromuscular blockade.


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