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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Fluoroquinolones SE
  2. Isoniazid (INH)
  3. antibiotic
  4. Cephalosporin
  5. Key concept
  1. a The drug of choice for the treatment of M. tuberculosis.
  2. b A number of miscellaneous antibacterials have specific indications, distinct antibacterial mechanisms, and related nursing care.
  3. c Prototype drug: cefotaxime (Claforan)
    Mechanism of action: to act with broad-spectrum activity against gram-negative organisms
    Primary use: for serious infections of lower respiratory tract, central nervous system, genitourinary system, bones, blood, and joints
    Adverse effects: hypersensitivity, anaphylaxis, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, pain at injection site
  4. d A term used more frequently, but technically only refers to natural substances produced by microorganisms that can kill other microorganisms.
  5. e Nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, rash, restlessness, pain and
    inflammation at injection site, local burning, stinging and
    corneal irritation (ophthalmic)
    **Anaphylaxis, tendon rupture, superinfections,
    photosensitivity, pseudomembranous colitis

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. Drugs that are effective against many different species of pathogens.
  2. Drug-resistant bacteria free to grow, in the presence of antibiotic therapy, and the client develops an infection that is resistant to conventional drug therapy.
  3. The class of antibiotics is usually reserved for urinary tract infections and have serious adverse effects on hearing and kidney function.
  4. •Cyclic lipopeptides: daptomycin (Cubicin)—used to treat serious skin infections
    •Carbapenems: imipenem (Primaxin) have some of the broadest spectrums
    •Carbapenems: imipenem (Primaxin) have some of the broadest spectrums
    •Ketolides: telithromycin (Ketek)—used for respiratory infections
    •Glycylcyclines:tigecycline (Tygacil)—used for drug-resistant abdominal infections and complicated skin infections
  5. The antibiotic that would most likely be used for the dental client allergic to penicillin.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Ampicillin (Polycillin)Prototype drug: penicillin G (Pentids)
    Mechanism of action: to kill bacteria by disrupting their cell walls
    Primary use: as drug of choice against streptococci, pneumococci, and staphylococci organisms that do not produce penicillinase
    -Also medication of choice for gonorrhea and syphilis
    Adverse effects: diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, superinfections, anaphylaxis

          

  2. Macrolidesazithromycin (Zithromax) PO; 500 mg as single dose, then 250 mg/day for 4 days
    clarithromycin (Biaxin) PO; 250-500 mg bid
    dirithromycin (Dynabac) PO; 500 mg/day
    erythromycin (E-Mycin, Erythrocin) PO; 250-500 mg bid or 333 mg tid
    troleandomycin (Tao) PO; 250-500 mg q6h

          

  3. KlebsiellaBacteria that thrive in an oxygen-rich environment.

          

  4. Key conceptA common word used to describe a pathogen.

          

  5. tuberclesazithromycin (Zithromax) PO; 500 mg as single dose, then 250 mg/day for 4 days
    clarithromycin (Biaxin) PO; 250-500 mg bid
    dirithromycin (Dynabac) PO; 500 mg/day
    erythromycin (E-Mycin, Erythrocin) PO; 250-500 mg bid or 333 mg tid
    troleandomycin (Tao) PO; 250-500 mg q6h

          

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