Elder brother of Moses and first high priest of the Israelites. He led the Israelites to worship a golden calf
Consists of direct, second-person commands, with no statement of consequences for disobedience; also called absolute law, such as the Ten Commandments
A narrative that describes a person's initial awareness (like Moses) that God wanted him or her to do something specific. The calls of the prophet have five common elements: 1) confrontation (sometimes with a theophany), 2) God calls/commissions the prophet, 3) the prophet objects, 4) God reassures, 5) God gives a sign.
Presents practical situations with consequences for each case; conditional law, often in the form of "if...then" (or some version of that formula), such as the laws in the Book of the Covenant
(Also called the Book of the Covenant) Oldest Israelite law code (contained in Exodus 20:22-23:33) which contains laws designed for a society in which agriculture was the major means of earning a living. These laws are concerned with the treatment of foreigners, slaves, the poor, widows, orphans, property, and crimes against fellow Israelites. Mostly case law derived from the Ten Commandments.
Another name for the Ten Commandments; the name literally means "ten words" in Greek
An idol made by Aaron when the Israelites demanded it. The people worshiped it as the god that had brought them out of Egypt.
Moses' and Aaron's sister, who with Moses sang a 'song of triumph' about Israel's victory at the Red Sea (Exodus 15:20-21)
Hebrew "prophet" who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red Sea on a journey known as the Exodus; received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai
Place where Moses was called by God and where Moses received the Ten Commandments from God
A Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt; refers to when the Israelites were "passed over" by the destroyer in the tenth plague
The ten disasters imposed upon Egypt, as recounted in the book of Exodus, so that the Israelites and Egyptians would know God's power and sovereignty
A blending of two or more religious traditions
According to the Hebrew Bible, the laws God gave to Moses on Mount Sinai which formed Israel's "Constitution"; they include basic principles which would develop into Israel's legal system
A name for God that God himself revealed to Moses and the Israelites on Mount Sinai. The word means "I Am Who Am" and led to Israel's understanding that God is their God.
A portable sanctuary in which the Israelites carried the Ark of the Covenant on their exodus, and represented God's presence in the wilderness
Ark of the Covenant
Sacred chest where the ancient Hebrews kept the two tablets in the tabernacle containing the Ten Commandments
Members of the tribe of Levi, who would be the priests for the rest of Israel; they were responsible for the maintenance of the tabernacle/temple; Moses and Aaron were these
Holy of Holies
The innermost part of the tabernacle (later, the temple in Jerusalem), where God's presence dwelt among the people. Entrance was restricted to once per year by the high priest.
The belief and worship of a single god while accepting the existence or possible existence of other deities
Belief in a single God
An agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return