A long, formal lyric poem with a serious theme that may have a traditional stanza structure. Often honor people, commemorate events, respond to natural scenes, or consider serious human problems.
all-knowing narrator; tells about what each character feels and thinks
Ex. "The Devil and Tom Walker"
use of words that imitate sounds
Ex. buzz, hiss, murmur, and rustle
passing of songs, stories, and poems from generation to generation by word of mouth
public speaking that is formal, persuasive, and emotionally appealing.
Ex. Patrick Henry's "Speech in the Virginia Convention"
figure of speech that combines two opposing or contradictory ideas
Ex. freezing fire
a statement that seems to be contradictory but that actually presents a truth
Ex. Victory won't come / to me unless I go / to it. - "Nevertheless," Marianne Moore
the repetition of grammatical structure.
Ex. What do we want of these men? What do we want of ourselves? - "Astronauts," Robert Hayden
humorous imitation of literary work, one that exaggerates or distorts the characteristic features of the original
figure of speech in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics
Ex. Let the rain sing you a lullaby. - "April Rain Song,:" Langston Hughes
writing or speech that attempts to convince a reader to think of act in a particular way; also used in advertising, editorials, sermons, and political speeches
type of writing in which uncomplicated sentences and ordinary words are used to make simple, direct statements
sequence of events in a literary work; most fiction, the _______ involves both characters and central conflict