English 3 Terms R14
|Rhythm|| the patter of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language. Prose and free verse are written in the irregular rhythmical patterns of every speech. |
ex. the free verse lines by Gwendolyn Books.
|Rising Action||the events that lead up to the climax make up the ____.|
|Romanticism||a literary and artistic movement of the 19th century that arose in reaction against 18th-century Neoclassicism and placed a premium on imagination, emotion, nature, individuality, and exotica. Romantic elements can be found in the works of American writers. ex, Cooper, Peo, Thoreau, Emerson, Dickinson, Hawthorne, and Melville, |
Romanticism is particularly evident in the works of the Transcendentalists.
|Round Character||a character who is complex and multifaceted, like a real person.|
|Satire||a writing that ridicules or criticizes individuals, ideas, institutions, social conventions, or other works of art and literature. The writer of a satire, the satirist, may use a tolerant, sympathetic tone or and angry, bitter tone. Some satire is written in prose and some, in poetry.|
ex. W.H Auden's "The Unknown Citizen"
|Scansion|| the process of analyzing a poem's metrical pattern. when a poem is scanned, its stressed and unstressed syllables are marked to show what poetic feet are used and how many feet appear in each line. |
ex. the last two lines of Edna St. Vincent Millay's "I Shall Go Back Again to the Bleak Shore".
|Sensory Language||writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the five senses.|
|Setting||the time and place of the action. A ____ may serve any of a number of functions. It may provide a background for the action. It may be a crucial element in the plot or central conflict. It may also create a certain emotional atmosphere, or mood.|
|Short Story||a brief work of friction. The _____ resembles the novel but generally has a simpler plot and setting. In addition, the short story tends to reveal character at a crucial moment rather than developing it through many incidents. |
ex. Thomas Wolfe's "The Far and the Near" concentrates on what happened to a train engineer when he visits people who had waved to him every day.
|Simile|| a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison between two subjects, using either "like" or "as". |
ex. The trees looked like pitch forks against the sullen sky.
|Slant Rhyme||occurs when the rhyming sounds are similar, but not exact, as in "prove" and "glove".|
|Sonnet||a 14 line lyric poem focused on a single theme. Have many variations but are usually written in iambic pentameter, following one of the two traditional patters.|
|Speaker||the voice of a poem. Although the ____ is often the poet, may also be a fictional character or even an inanimate object.|
|Spiritual||a type of African American folk song dating from the period of slavery and reconstruction. A typical ____ deals both with religious freedom and, on an allegorical level, with political and economic freedom.|
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