Classical Literature Semester One Exam Vocabulary Review

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Mrs. Groves

Peruse

look at fairly attentively; study

Astringent

severe, stern

Astringent (n)

substance that shrinks tissues and checks the flow of blood

Adulation

excessive praise; flattery

Sycophant

parasitic flatterer; truckler

Obsequious

showing excessive willingness to serve; subservient, fawning

Lackey

follower who carries out another's wishes (servant); toady

Tepid

lukewarm

Antidote

remedy for a poison or evil

Svelte

slender; lithe

Ameliorate

make better; improve

Stipend

salary; regular allowance

Expertise

know-how, expertness

Baffle

bewilder; perplex; fill with confusion

Detriment

disadvantage

Ebullient

overflowing with enthusiasm; exuberant

Tractable

easily led, taught, or controlled; docile

Subvert

overturn or overthrow from the foundation; undermine

Impede

hinder; obstruct

Parsimonious

stingy

Libel

false and defamatory printed (or written) statement

Exhort

advise strongly; urge

Acquit

pronounce not guilty; discharge; exculpate

Render

handed down officially

Effrontery

shameless boldness; insolence; gall; temerity

Cajolery

persuasion by flattering; coaxing

Ingratiate

work oneself into favor

Laudable

praiseworthy; commendable

Laudatory

expressing praise

Cajole

persuade by pleasant words; coax

Haggard

careworn; gaunt

Emaciated

made unnaturally thin

Attenuate

make thin; weaken

Pathetic

arousing pity

Disgruntled

displeased; discontented

Pensive

thoughtful in a sad way

Lament

mourn

Sullen

resentfully silent

Poignant

painfully touching

Malign

speak evil of; vilify

Slander

false and defamatory spoken statement

Halcyon

calm; peaceful

Lionize

treat as highly important

Chagrin

embarrassment; disappointed

Wane

decrease in power or size; dwindle; decline

Forbearance

abstaining, leniency, patience

Ephemeral

fleeting; transitory; short-lived

Salutary

healthful, curative, beneficial

Gull

deceive; cheat

Scrutinize

examine very close

Indemnify

reimburse; repay

Gall (n)

brazen boldness; nerve

Reticence

restraint in communicating

Imputation

accusation

Derogatory

expressing low esteem

Plaudit(s)

applause

Benign

not dangerous/gentle; kindly

Convalesce

recover health after illness; recuperate

Malignant

1) threatening to cause death, 2) very evil

Virulent

deadly; venomous

Salubrious

healthy; beneficial

Gall

annoy; vex

Admonish

reprove gently but seriously; caution

Indolent

lazy, idle, lethargic

Despicable

worthy of contempt; contemptible

Abhorrent

(followed by to) utterly opposed; repugnant

Supersede

supplant, replace

Ascetic

person who shuns pleasures and lives simply

Compunction

regret; remorse; misgiving

Disconsolate

cheerless; inconsolable

Delectable

very pleasing in taste

Gala

characterized by festivity

Elation

euphoria

Conviviality

sociability

buoy

keep afloat; encourage

Nettlesome

irritating; causing annoyance or vexation

Score

twenty

Ambrosial

delicious; like ambrosia (food of the gods)

Repast

meal

Immerse

dip, duck; engross, absorb

Wager (n)

bet

Wager

gamble; bet

Maudlin

weakly sentimental and tearful

Blithe

merry; joyous/ heedless

Complacency

self satisfaction; smugness

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