Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

BASIC INFORMATION:
THE STUDY OF MOVEMENT

KINESIOLOGY

MECHANICAL PRINCIPLES THAT RELATE DIRECTLY TO THE HUMAN BODY

BIOMECHANICS

FORCES CAUSING MOVEMENT

KINETICS

THE TIME, SPACE, AND MASS ASPECTS OF A MOVING SYSTEM

KINEMATICS

ANTERIOR ASPECT OF BODY, PALMS NEUTRAL

FUNDAMENTAL POSITION

ANTERIOR ASPECT OF BODY, PALMS FORWARD

ANATOMICAL POSITION

WHEN VIEWING THE FUNDAMENTAL OR ANATOMICAL POSITION, YOU ARE OBSERVING WHAT SURFACE?

ANTERIOR/VENTRAL

IPSILATERAL

SAME SIDE

CONTRALATERAL

OPPOSITE SIDE

TIBIA LOCATION

MEDIAL BONE OF LOWER LEG

FIBULA LOCATION

LATERAL BONE OF LOWER LEG

RIBS IN RELATION TO SCAPULA, LOCATION

ANTERIOR

WHICH END IS ELBOW JOINT OF HUMERUS?

DISTAL

A MUSCLE THAT LIES UNDERNEATH ANOTHER IS CONSIDERED TO BE WHAT?

DEEP

HEAD IS ______ TO THE CHEST

SUPERIOR

THE _____ END OF THE TIBIA IS AT THE KNEE JOINT

PROXIMAL

THE GREAT TOE IS ON THE ______ SIDE OF THE FOOT

MEDIAL

THE EYES ARE ______ SUPERIOR AND _____ LATERAL TO THE MOUTH

SUPERIOR; LATERAL

THE RADIUS IS ON THE _____ SIDE OF THE FOREARM

LATERAL

THE ULNA IS ON THE _____ SIDE OF THE FOREARM

MEDIAL

THE SCAPULA IS ON THE _____ SIDE OF THE TRUNK

POSTERIOR

THE SHOULDER GIRDLE IS _____ TO THE PELVIC GIRDLE

SUPERIOR

SKIN IS _____ TO MUSCLE

SUPERFICIAL

HUMERUS, LOCATION

ARM

RADIUS, LOCATION

FOREARM

FINGERS, LOCATION

HAND

FEMUR, LOCATION

THIGH

TIBIA, LOCATION

LEG

TOES, LOCATION

FOOT

CHEST, LOCATION

THORAX

PELVIS, LOCATION

ABDOMEN

CERVICAL VERTEBRAE, LOCATION

NECK

NAME AND DESCRIBE THE 2 TYPES OF LINEAR MOTION

RECTILINEAR: STRAIGHT LINE
CURVILINEAR: CURVED PATH

IN WHICH TYPE OF MOTION DOES ALL THE PARTS MOVE THE SAME DISTANCE:

LINEAR

IN WHICH TYPE OF MOTION DOES ALL THE PARTS MOVE DIFFERENT DISTANCES:

ANGULAR

MOVING THE THIGH FORWARD AND UPWARD

FLEXION

THE POSITION OF THE KNEE IN STANDING

EXTENSION

SHOULDER MOTION DURING BOWLING BACKSWING

HYPEREXTENSION

MOVING YOUR ARM OUT TO THE SIDE

ABDUCTION

MOVING YOUR LEG TOWARD THE MIDLINE

ADDUCTION

THE POSITION OF THE FOREARM IN THE ANATOMICAL POSITION

SUPINATION

TURNING YOUR PALM POSTERIORLY

PRONATION

SYNONYMOUS WITH WRIST ADDUCTION

ULNAR DEVIATION

MOVING YOUR AND TOWARD THE THUMB SIDE

RADIAL DEVIATION

TURNING YOUR FOOT INWARD

INVERSION

MOVING YOUR FOOT OUTWARD

EVERSION

ROLLING YOUR ARM OUTWARD

LATERAL ROTATION

TURNING YOUR ARM INWARD

MEDIAL ROTATION

MOVING YOUR HAND DOWN THE SIDE OF YOUR LEG

LATERAL BENDING

MOVING THROUGH A CONE SHAPED ARC

CIRCUMDUCTION

MOVING YOUR ARM OUTWARD FROM 90 DEGREES SHOULDER ABDUCTION

HORIZONTAL ABDUCTION

MOVING YOUR ARM ACROSS THE BODY AT SHOULDER LEVEL

HORIZONTAL ADDUCTION

MOVING YOUR SCAPULA AWAY FROM MIDLINE

PROTRACTION

PULLING YOUR SCAPULAE TOGETHER

RETRACTION

SKELETAL SYSTEM:
5 FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

SUPPORT, PROTECTION, MOVEMENT, STORE CALCIUM, CREATE NEW BLOOD CELLS

AXIAL SKELETON INCLUDES:

HEAD, VERTEBRAE

APPENDICULAR SKELETON INCLUDES:

ARMS, LOWER EXTREMITY

DESCRIBE COMPACT BONE

MAKES UP A HARD, DENSE OUTER SHELL. COMPLETELY COVERS BONE, THICK ALONG SHAFT AND THIN AT ENDS

DESCRIBE CANCELLOUS BONE

POURUS AND SPONGY INSIDE PORTION, HIGH COLLAGEN LOW CALCIUM.

DESCRIBE TRABECULAE

PATTERNS IN CANCELLOUS BONE THAT RESPOND AND DEVELOP TO STRESS

WHAT IS LOCATED AT THE END OF LONG BONES?

PRESSURE EPIPHYSIS

WHAT COVERS MOST OF A BONE'S SURFACE, AND WHAT IS ITS PURPOSE?

PERIOSTEUM: CONTAINS NERVE AND BLOOD VESSELS THAT ARE IMPORTANT IN PROVIDING NOURISHMENT, PROMOTING GROWTH, AND REPAIRING BONE

WHERE DOES LONGITUDINAL BONE GROWTH OCCUR?

EPIPHYSIS

CANCELLOUS BONES

POROUS AND SPONGY, INSIDE PORTION OF BONE

COMPACT BONE

HARD AND DENSE, COVERS OUTSIDE OF BONE

LONG BONES

LONGER THAN THEY ARE WIDE, BULBOUS AT ENDS, TUBULAR IN SHAPE (FEMUR)

SHORT BONES

EQUAL DIMENSIONS OF HEIGHT, WIDTH, AND LENGTH. CUBICAL SHAPE (CARPALS)

FLAT BONES

VERY BROAD SURFACE, NOT VERY THICK (ILIUM, SCAPULA, SKULL)

IRREGULAR BONES

MIXED SHAPES (VERTEBRAE, FACIAL BONES, SACRUM)

SESAMOID BONES

SHAPED LIKE SESAME SEEDS. (PATELLA)

ARTICULATION:
ANOTHER NAME FOR SYNOVIAL JOINT

DIARTHRODIAL JOINT

PARTS OF A SYNOVIAL JOINT

LIGAMENT, BONE, JOINT SPACE, SYNOVIAL FLUID, SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE, ARTICULAR CARTILAGE, JOINT CAPSULE

TYPE OF JOINTS: FIBROUS PERIOSTEUM BETWEEN BONES

SYNARTHROSIS

TYPE OF JOINTS: LIGAMENTS JOIN THE BONES

SYNDEMOSIS

TYPE OF JOINTS: BOLTED TOGETHER

GOMPHOSIS

EXAMPLE OF SYNARTHROSIS JOINT

SUTURES OF SKULL

EXAMPLE OF SYNDESMOSIS JOINT

DISTAL TIBIOFIBULAR JOINT

EXAMPLE OF GOMPHOSIS JOINT

TOOTH IN DENTAL SOCKET

ENCLOSED CAVITY FILLED WITH FLUID

BURSA

STRONG CORD OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES A MUSCLE TO ANOTHER PART

TENDON

THE INSIDE LINING OF THE JOINT CAPSULE

SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE

STRONG, FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES BONE TO BONE

LIGAMENT

FLAT, THIN, FIBROUS SHEET OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT ATTACHES A MUSCLE TO ANOTHER PART

APONEUROSIS

FIBROUS CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT SURROUNDS A JOINT

JOINT CAPSULE

SHEATH OF CONNECTIVE TISSUE THAT SURROUNDS A MUSCLE

FASCIA

FLUID SECRETED FROM INSIDE THE LINING OF THE JOINT CAPSULE THAT LUBRICATES THE JOINT

SYNOVIAL FLUID

SMOOTH COVERING OF BONE ENDS

ARTICULAR CARTILAGE

SAGITTAL PLANE/FRONTAL AXIS

RUNS THROUGH A JOINT FROM SIDE TO SIDE; FLEXION AND EXTENSION

FRONTAL PLANE/SAGITTAL AXIS

RUNS THROUGH A JOINT FROM FRONT TO BACK; ABDUCTION/ADDUCTION, RADIAL/ULNAR DEVIATION, EVERSION/INVERSION

TRANSVERSE PLANE/VERTICAL AXIS

ALSO CALLED LONGITUDINAL AXIS; RUNS THROUGH A JOINT FROM TOP TO BOTTOM; MEDIAL/LATERAL ROTATION, SUPINATION/PRONATION, HORIZONTAL ABDUCTION/ADDUCTION, RIGHT/LEFT ROTATION

PROJECTION ABOVE A CONDYLE

EPICONDYLE

ROUNDED PROJECTION AT EACH END OF A JOINT

CONDYLE

HOLE

FORAMEN

SPONGELIKE SPACE FILLED WITH AIR

SINUS

TUBE-SHAPED OPENING

MEATUS

ROUNDED PROJECTION BEYOND A NARROW NECK PORTION

HEAD

LESS PROMINENT RIDGE

LINE

LARGE, ROUNDED PROJECTION

TUBEROSITY

FLAT ARTICULAR SURFACE

FACET

VERY LARGE PROJECTION

TROCHANTER

LARGER DEPRESSION

FOSSA

LINEAR DEPRESSION

GROOVE

RIDGE

CREST

SMALL, ROUNDED PROJECTION

TUBERCLE

SHARP PROJECTION

SPINE

BASIC BIOMECHANICS:
APPLICATION OF MECHANICS TO THE STUDY OF THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE HUMAN BODY

BIOMECHANICS

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH MOVING SYSTEMS

DYNAMICS

STUDY OF FORCES AND THE MOTIONS THEY PRODUCE

MECHANICS

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH NONMOVING SYSTEMS

STATICS

KINETIC DEALS WITH _____ CAUSING MOVEMENT. KINEMATICS INVOLVES WHICH 3 ASPECTS OF A MOVING SYSTEM?

FORCES;
TIME, SPACE, MASS ASPECTS

OSTEOKINEMATICS DEALS WITH THE MOVEMENT OF _____, AND ARTHROKINEMATICS DEALS WITH THE MOVEMENT OF _____.

BONES; JOINTS

FORCE THAT CAUSES MOTION

KINETICS

DESCRIBES SPEED

VELOCITY

AMOUNT OF MATTER A BODY CONTAINS

MASS

TENDENCY OF FORCE TO PRODUCE ROTATION

TORQUE

PUSH OR PULL ACTION

FORCE

DESCRIBES MAGNITUDE ONLY

SCALAR

RESISTIVE FORCE BETWEEN 2 SURFACES

FRICTION

MAGNITUDE AND DIRECTION

VECTOR

RESISTANCE TO CHANGE IN MOTION

INERTIA

WHICH LAW? A SAILBOAT SPEEDS UP AS WIND FORCE INCREASES

LAW OF ACCELERATION

WHICH LAW? THE ARCHER PULLS BACK ON THE STRING AND RELEASES THE ARROW

LAW OF ACTION-REACTION

WHICH LAW? A PERSON IS PUSHING A STUBBORN DONKEY TRYING TO GET IT TO MOVE

LAW OF INERTIA

WHAT TYPE OF FORCE? 2 HORSES PULLING A WAGON

PARALLEL FORCES

WHAT TYPE OF FORCE? TUG-OF-WAR

LINEAR FORCE

WHAT TYPE OF FORCE? UNSCREWING A JAR LID

FORCE COUPLE

WHAT TYPE OF FORCE? A CAR STUCK IN THE SNOW IS FREED WHEN ONE PERSON PUSHES FORWARD AT THE MIDDLE OF THE BAKC BUMPER AND ANOTHER PERSON PUSHES AT THE PASSENGER SIDE DOOR

CONCURRENT FORCES

ANOTHER TERM FOR FORCE?

MOMENT OF FORCE

TORQUE IS A FORCE THAT PRODUCES _____ ABOUT AN AXIS.

ROTATION

THE AMOUNT OF TORQUE PRODUCED DEPENDS ON THE _____ OF THE FORCE AND THE _____ FROM THE FORCE'S LINE OF PULL TO THE AXIS OF ROTATION.

AMOUNT; DISTANCE

GRAVITY IS THE MUTUAL ATTRACTION BETWEEN THE _____ AND AN _____.

EARTH; OBJECT

GRAVITATIONAL FORCE IS ALWAYS DIRECTED _____ TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH.

VERTICALLY DOWNWARD

WHERE IS THE COG OF THE BODY CONSIDERED TO BE LOCATED IN AN ADULT?

MIDLINE TO THE 2ND SACRAL VERTEBRA

IN SOME COUNTRIES, WOMEN TRANSPORT OBJECTS BY CARRYING THEM ON TOP OF THEIR HEADS. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE COG WHEN AN OBJECT IS CARRIED LIKE THIS?

COG IS HIGHER

WHAT DOES A WALKER DO TO THE BASE OF SUPPORT AND OVERALL STABILITY?

INCREASES BOTH

LIST THE 3 COMPONENTS OF SIMPLE MACHINES

AXIS, FORCE, RESISTANCE

WHAT TYPE OF LEVER, AND ORDER OF AFR?
BARBEQUE TONGS

3RD CLASS; AFR

WHAT TYPE OF LEVER, AND ORDER OF AFR?
PLIERS

1ST CLASS; RAF

WHAT TYPE OF LEVER, AND ORDER OF AFR?
NUTCRACKER

2ND CLASS; ARF

ARTHROKINEMATICS:
BONY END FEEL

HARD

SOFT TISSUE STRETCH

FIRM

SOFT TISSUE APPROXIMATION

SOFT

SOFT, "WET SPONGE" FEEL

BOGGY

REBOUND MOVEMENT AT END OF ROM

SPRINGY BLOCK

SUDDEN HARD STOP BEFORE END OF ROM

BONY

REFLEX MUSCLE GUARDING

MUSCLE SPASM

PAIN, NOT MECHANICAL CONSTRAINT, LIMITS MOVEMENT

EMPTY

FORCEFUL EXTERNAL FORCE APPLIED WITHIN A SHORT RANGE

MANIPULATION

ACCESSORY JOINT MOVEMENTS RESULTING FROM EXTERNAL FORCE

JOINT PLAY

See More

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set