Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the settlement.
To facilitate other business.
Central business district
The area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
A market center for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
Central place theory
A theory that explains the distribution of services, based on the fact that settlements serve as centers of market areas for services' larger settlements are fewer and farther apart than smaller settlements and provide services for a larger number of people who are willing to travel further.
A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland.
Clustered rural settlement
A rural settlement in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
To provide services to individual consumers who desire them and can afford to pay for them.
Dispersed rural settlement
A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
A community's collection of basic industries.
The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the eighteenth century.
A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Market area (hinterland)
The area surrounding a central place, from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in the community.
The largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Primate city rule
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
Range (of a service)
The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service.
A pattern of settlements in a country, such that the nth largest settlement is 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Any activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it.
A permanent collection of buildings where people reside, work, and obtain services.
The minimum number of people needed to support the service.