Personality Theory Final Part 1

35 terms by kellio21

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Words for Taboo final Freud related words

Sigmund Freud

founder of psychodynamics. Theorized the Id, Ego, and Superego. Free Association. Oedipus complex

1st Force in Psychology

This "wave" is Psychodynamics, led by Freud

Unconscious

below mental awareness the iceberg, what's under the ocean

Preconscious

Mental elements that are not currently in awareness but can be recalled into awareness with varying degrees of difficulty. Associated with Freud

conscious

Mental elements that are not currently in awareness but can be recalled into awareness with varying degrees of difficulty. Associated with Freud

Id

Aspect of personality associated with Freud, driven by the pleasure principle

Ego

Part of personality associated with Freud, driven by reality principle, mediates between the needs of the Id and the superego

Superego

Part of personality associated with Freud, driven by the moralistic principle, rule oriented, decide what is right and wrong.

Repression

Defense mechanism, forcing unwanted experiences into the unconscious to defend against pain and anxiety.

Reaction Formation

Defense Mechanism, Person represses one impulse and adopts the exact opposite form of behavior. Gay person protesting gay marriage.

Displacement

defense mechanism in which unwanted urges are directed onto other objects or people to disguise the original impulse.

Denial

defense mechanism, blocking of an experience or an aspect of it from awareness because it is inconsistent with self-concept

Fixation

in psychosexual development when an individual becomes stuck in a stage he is _________, defense mechanism that arises when psycic energy is blocked at one stage of development, thus making change or psychological growth difficult.

Regression

reverting of behaviors learned in earlier stages of life, defense mechanism.

Projection

defense mechanism, the ego reduces anxiety by attributing an unwanted impulse onto another person. A person who is always untidy with always say that his/her roommate is a slob.

Dissociation

defense mechanism, in which the process of separating unwanted impulses, desires, and needs from the self system.

compartmentalization

defense mechanism, putting areas of life into distict section not allowing them to intermix when there is a problem in one area, it cannot affect the other.

Sublimation

defense mechanism, repression of the genital aim of arrows, substitution my a cultural or social aim. Someone who is angry and wants to be aggressive, who instead goes running, which is socially acceptable.

Oral stage

Psychosexual development, pleasure from the mouth. 12 to 18 mo. of life.

Anal stage

Psychosexual development, pleasure from the excretory function, potty training, happens in the second year of life.

phallic stage

Psychosexual development, oedipus complex is navigated in this section, assocaited with knowing the difference between gender specific body parts.

Oedipus Complex

Frueds's most controversial theory. Boy identifies with mom, falls in love with mom, fears castration, realizes can't have mom, becomes like/identifies with dad, hopes to find woman like mom.

Latency stage

Psychosexual development, time between infancy and puberty when psychosexual development is at a stand still.

Genital stage

Psychosexual development, associated with adolescents, period of life beginning with puberty and continues into adulthood that is marked by full sexual identity.

Feudian slips

also called a paraprax, misreading or incorrectly saying something that is caused by unconscious wishes or desires.

Latent Content

the unconscious meaning of a dream, revealed through interpretation, Freud believed this was more important than what actually happened or was manifested.

Manifest Content

parts of the dream that are being described, surface or conscious level of a dream.

Psychoanalysis

Psychology as proposed by Freud, theory of personality, approach to Psychotherapy and methods of investigation.

Reality Principle

Ego is driven by this, what is possible versus what the superego and id want.

Pleasure Principle

Id is driven by this, instinctual or natural urges.

Idealistic/Moralistic principle

Superego is driven by this, rules and norms of what is right and wrong.

Libido

sex or pleasure seeking drive.

Defense Mechanisms

ways the ego diverts anxiety, not healthy to use all the time, but everybody uses them to some extent.

Transference

Strong undeserved feelings the patient/client develops toward the analysist during the course of treatment, stems from previous experiences about parents.

Parapraxis

a Freudian slip, as a result of unconsious wishes.

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