Fungi

Created by jdoppster Teacher

soil

Most of the fungus grows below the mushroom in the ________.

many

Most species of fungi are ________-celled organisms.

eukaryotic

Fungi cells are ________ because their cells contain a nucleus.

one

Some fungi cells contain more than ________ nucleus.

chlorophyll

Fungi cells don't contain the green pigment ________ and cannot make their own food.

food

Fungi cells don't contain the green pigment chlorophyll and cannot make their own ________.

saprophytes

Most fungi are ________, an organisms that feeds off of nonliving organic matter.

parasites

Some fungi are ________, organisms that feed off of living organic matter.

spores

Fungi reproduce by small, waterproof structures called ________.

humid

Fungi grow best in warm, ________ areas, such as tropical forests or the spaces between your toes.

tropical

Fungi grow best in warm, humid areas, such as ________ forests or the spaces between your toes.

toes

Fungi grow best in warm, humid areas, such as tropical forests and the spaces between your ________.

hyphae

The body of a fungus is usually a mass of many-celled, threadlike tubes called ________.

food

The hyphae of a fungus grow throughout the fungus's ________ source.

enzymes

The ________ of a fungus help break down a fungus's food source.

sexually

When fungi reproduce ________, the hyphae of two different organisms of the same type of fungus grow close together and fuse.

reproductive

Fungi are classified according to the type of ________ structures they produce.

club

Mushrooms, shelf fungi, puffballs, and toadstools are all examples of ________ fungi.

club

The spores of ________ fungi are produced in club-like structures called basidium.

basidia

The spores of club fungi are produced in club-like structures called ________.

sac

Yeasts, molds, morels, and truffles are all examples of ________ fungi.

sac

The spores of ________ fungi are produced in sac-like structures called asci.

asci

The spores of sac fungi are produced in sac-like structures called ________.

ascus

This is a sac, typically cylindrical in shape, in which the spores of sac fungi are produced.

basidium

This is a microscopic, club-shaped spore-bearing structure produced by club fungi.

one

Yeasts are ________-celled fungi.

edible

Many morels are ________ and appear in early spring.

zygospore

The fuzzy, black mold that you sometimes find growing on old bread or a piece of fruit is a type of ________ fungus.

sporangia

A zygospore fungus reproduces by making reproductive structures called ________.

Imperfect

________ fungi only reproduce asexually.

organic

Fungi are important to the environment because they break down ________ matter.

organic

All living organisms are made of ________ matter.

lichen

A ________ is formed when a fungus and either a green alga or a cyanobacterium live together.

pollution

Lichens can be used to monitor ________ levels in an area because they are sensitive to pollutants present in rain and air.

mycorrhizae

A fungus called ________ grows on the roots of plants and help the roots to absorb water and nutrients.

water

A fungus called mycorrhizae grows on the roots of plants and help the roots to absorb ________ and nutrients.

nutrients

A fungus called micorrhizae grows on the roots of plants and help the roots to absorb water and ________.

rise

Fungi called yeasts can be used to make bread ________.

yeasts

Fungi called ________ can be used to make bread rise.

antibiotics

Many fungi naturally produce ________ to prevent bacteria from growing near them.

Penicillin

________ is an important antibiotic produced by fungi and was discovered by Alexander Flemming.

club

The four division of fungi are ________, sac, zygospore, and imperfect fungi.

sac

The four divisions of fungi are club, ________, zygospore, and imperfect fungi.

zygospore

The four divisions of fungi are club, sac, ________, and imperfect fungi.

imperfect

The four divisions of fungi are club, sac, zygospore, and ________ fungi.

hyphae

In picture "A" what is number one pointing to?

reproductive structure

In picture "A" what is number two pointing to?

reproductive structure

In picture "A" what is number three pointing to?

mycellium

In picture "A" what is number four pointing to?

hyphae

In picture "A" what is number five pointing to?

spore

In picture "A" number six is pointing to the ________ producing structures.

sexually

Picture "B" shows how fungi reproduce ________.

sexually

Picture "C" shows how fungi reproduce ________.

basidium

Picture "D" shows the ________ of a club fungi.

four

In picture "D" how many spores are attached to the basidium?

toadstool

What type of fungus is in picture "E" ?

mushroom

What type of fungus is in picture "F" ?

mushroom

What type of fungi do you see in picture "G" ?

gills

In picture "G" what part of the fungus is the green arrow pointing to?

shelf fungus

What type of fungus is in picture "H" ?

puffballs

What type of fungi do you see in picture "I" ?

carbon dioxide

In picture "J" the holes in the bread were formed from what gas?

yeasts

In picture "J" what type of fungus caused the bread to rise?

yeasts

What type of fungus is in picture "K" ?

mold

In picture "L" what type of fungus is growing in the petri dish?

black mold

In picture "M" what type of fungus is growing on the walls?

black mold

What type of fungus is in picture "M" that can be harmful to your health?

morels

What type of fungus is in picture "N" ?

truffle

In picture "O" what type of fungus is the man smelling?

cup fungus

What type of fungus is in picture "P" ?

zygospore

What type of fungus is in picture "Q" ?

bread mold

In picture "Q" what type of zygospore fungus do you see?

sporangia

In picture "Q" the spores are produced on what structures?

sporangia

In picture "R" what are the black round structures?

hyphae

In picture "R" what are the white thread-like structures?

crustose

What type of lichen do you see in picture "S" ?

foliose

What type of lichen do you see in picture "T" ?

fruticose

What type of lichen do you see in picture "U" ?

penicillin

In picture "V" what type of mold is growing in the petri dish?

antibiotic

In picture "V" the penicillin growing on the bottom of the petri dish makes an ________ that kills certain types of bacteria.

mycorrhizae

In picture "W" what fungus is growing on the roots of the plants that help them to absorb water and nutrients?

athlete's foot

What type of fungus is in picture "X" ?

ringworm

What type of fungus is in picture "Y" ?

toenail fungus

What type of fungus is in picture "Z" ?

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