Architectural Terms for Final

Created by captainbirchbark 

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keystone

the central building block at the top of an arch or vault

vault web

the stone in between the ribs of the vault - the actual ceiling

diagonal rib

one of the ribs that form the X of a groin vault

transverse rib

rib that crosses the nave or aisle at a right angle

bar tracery

tracery which is composed of thin stone elements rather than thick ones. Glass dominates the window, and gives it a more delicate, web-like effect.

lancet window

a tall, narrow window crowned by a sharply pointed arch

oculus

a small round window

engaged colonnette

a small, thin column set into the wall

spandrel

an approximately triangular surface area between two adjacent arches and the horizontal plane above them

nave arcade

the series of arches supported by piers seperating the nave from the side aisles

gallery

Covered corridor in an upper story overlooking the nave.

triforium

a small shallow arcade located below the clerestory windows

clerestory

a portion of an interior rising above adjacent rooftops and having windows admitting daylight to the interior

Nave

The long central part of a church, extending from the entrance to the altar, with aisles along the sides.

Transept

The part of a church with an axis that crosses the nave at a right angle.

Choir

The area of the church between a transept and main apse. it is the area where the service is sung and clergy may stand, and the main or high altar is located.

Apse

A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church.

Ambulatory

Passageways surrounding the central part of the choir, which is often a continuation of the side aisles

Chapels

the recesses on the sides of aisles in cathedrals and abbey churches. Sometimes known as chantries.

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