human God incomprehensible; Jesus couldn't save us
"Charles the Great" crowned in 800
coming together to work on doctrinal issues
Edict of Milan
313 AD allowed Christianity
theologians of 1st 8 centuries helped doctrine
king of Franks; converted in 496
movement to withdraw to gain holiness
St. Augustine of Hippo
Bishop of Hippo in 396, authored theological works; originally promiscuous
ruled Britain & Gaul
Council of Nicea
325 AD by Constantine; confronted Arianism
Who legalized Christianity and when did he do so?
Why was the Nicene Creed written and what does it say about Jesus?
To state what the church believes in-their mission; Jesus is Lord, God's Son, existed before world was created; made from God..but not something made from God..
Who were the four Church Fathers we discussed and what did they do/preach?
1. St. John Chrysostom: Preached against moral laxity of the rich; tried to reform the local clergy 2. St. Ambrose: Argued against Arianism; sold Church treasures to pay ransom for captives taken by the Goths; encouraged wealthy to share with the poor 3. St. Jerome: translated the Bible into Latin, which took 23 years; resulted in the Latin Vulgate, the authorized Bible used in the Catholic Church up to modern times; defender of the orthodox faith 4. St. Augustine of Hippo: Ambrose stirred Augustine's heart to conversion; wrote The Confessions about his conversion to Christ; Defended the faith against heresies; charitable, service-oriented
What impact did the rise of Islam have on Christianity?
Muslims took over major Christian cities of Jerusalem, Antioch, and Alexandria; influence of these cities then ceased; Church in the East, divided by Arianism, buckled under the Muslims, causing them to give the Mediterranean Basin up to these warriors