born out of the mystical experiences of Muhammad
Muhammad fled to Medina
Muhammad's religious ideas found a more receptive audience, and before long he became the leader of Medina.
Battle of Badr
the Meccans were defeated and Muhammad's position was assured, though conflicts with Mecca persisted until 630.
Charles Martel defeated an invading Islamic army at the Battle of Tours
about 20 million followers worldwide
earliest forms of Judaism
emerged as a leader to guide the Jews out of enslavement and back to the promised land that had since become occupied by the Canaanites.
The commandments are the basic ethical code that Jews follow.
not a unified, coherent religion, but rather a collection of many related religious beliefs and practices that are accepted within the framework of Hindu society.
A Hindu may be a monotheist, polytheist, or atheist. Hindus may attend temple, follow strict standards of conduct, or practice religious rituals, but none are requirements.
process of reincarnation
grants each person a status according to his or her birth. Brahmin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Sudra. Another class, the "untouchables,"
held to observe sacred occasions, including births, deaths, victories, and other significant events of Hindu heroes and gods. Many festivals are seasonal and may be observed through worship, the offering of gifts, drinking, games, fairs, chants, bathing, gambling, the lighting of lamps, and many other acts.