nutrition quiz 8

22 terms by gmicu

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what fraction of lean tissue represents the water content

3/4

what organ provides the major control for homeostasis of body fluids i.e. blood pressure, and the body's acid-base balance

kidneys

when a person loses fluid by sweating or bleeding, what minerals are lost in greatest quantity

sodium and chloride

what is a major function of chloride

help maintain gastric acidity

what is the primary function of potassium

act as a principal intracellular electrolyte

what is one function of phosphorus

ADP-ATP energy exchange

what is the function of calcium

bone health, blood clotting, nerve transmission, and maintenance of heart beat

some amino acids can link to each other by bridges of

sulfur

what is a characteristic of trace minerals

the amounts in foods are dependent, in part, on soil composition

what iron containing compound carries oxygen in the bloodstream

hemoglobin

what characteristic is shared by zinc and iron

proteins are needed for their transport in the blood

what nutrient enhances iron absorption from the intestinal track

vitamin c

functions of zinc

wound healing, sperm production, and retinal synthesis

what is the primary function of iodine

hormone synthesis

what trace mineral helps activate thyroid hormone

selenium

what trace mineral is necessary in the formation of hemoglobin

copper

out of manganese, lead, mercury, and cadmium, all of the following are considered heavy metals except ...

manganese

all of the following ( water, salt, sugar, and protein) are needed in oral rehydration therapy except

protein

all of the following (aerobics, dancing, jogging, and swimming) types of exercise promote bone health except

swimming

what term designates foods that contain non-nutrient substances which may promote health beyond basic nutrition

functional foods

san antonio's water system does not fluoridate the city's water supply, name one good food source of fluoride

toothpaste

what ingredient in sodas effect bone content

phosphoric acid

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