APOWCh. 7 - Religion

40 terms by allisonpow

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Midterm flashcards part 7

religion

a system of beliefs and prectices that attempts to order life in terms of culturally percieved ultimate priorities

secularism

indifference or rejection of organized religious affliations and ideas

monotheistic religions

worship a single diety, God, or Allah

polytheistic religions

worship more than one diety

animistic religions

centered on the belief that inanimate objects possess spirits and should therefore be revered

universalizing religions

actively seek converts because they view themselves as offering belief systems of universal appropriateness and appeal

ethnic religion

adherents are born into the faith and converts are not actively sought

Hinduism

-one of the oldest religions in the modern world
-no single founder or theology
-based on ancient practices in indus river valley
-ancient practices include ritual bathing and belief in reincarnation

caste system

locks people into particular social classes and imposes many restrictions (Dalist- lowest in Hinduism)

Buddhism

-splintered off of Hinduism
-Prince Siddhartha found enlightenment under the Bodhi Tree
-don't believe in caste system

Shintoism

-Buddhism mixed with local Japanese religion
-nature and ancestral worship

Taoism

-Lao-Tsu- The Book of the Way
-harmony with nature
-no government is the best government
-don't go to school- just humans and nature

Feng Shui

art and science of organizing living spaces in order to channel the life forces that exist in nature in favorable ways

Confucianism

-philosophy of life
-based on Confucius' teachings
-human virtues and abilities should determine position in society

Judaism

-teachings of Abraham

diaspora

dispersal of any ethnic group

Ashkenazim

Jews in Central Europe

Sephardim

Jews in Africa and Iberia

Zionism

rooted in the belief that Jews should not be absorbed into other societies - idea of a homeland for the Jews

Christianity

-single founder- Jesus
-taught humans of God's plan
-most widely spread

Eastern Orthodox Church

Christianity centered in Constantinople

Roman Catholic Church

Christianity centered in Rome (largest)

Protestant

Christianity formed over Pope dispute (mostly in US)

Islam

-most followers
-traced back to Muhammad
-spoke verses of the Qu'ran
-follow five pillars of islam
-only Allah is pure

Sunni Muslims

Islamics- believe in the effectiveness of family and community when solving problems (majority)

Shi'ite Muslims

believe that only Ali's desendants can rule

Indigenous religions

local, reverence of nature, passed down from family

Shamanism

community faith, follow the leader (shaman)

pilgrimage

when adherents voluntarily travel to a religious site to pay respects or participate in a ritual at the site

sacred site

place or space infused with religious meaning

minarets

churches in which Muslims pray

hajj

Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca

ziarats

non-hajj pilgrimages

interfaith boundaries

boundaries between the world's major faiths

intrafaith boundaries

boundaries within a single major faith

ethnic clensing

seperate religions seek to "clense" one another (kill them all)

religious fundamentalism

religious leaders and millions of their followers are seeking to return to the basics of their faith

religious extremism

fundamentalism carried to the point of violence

Shari'a laws

harsh criminal code (Islamic) - practiced in Nigeria and Sudan

jihad

Islamic holy war against the west

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