Conducting Research (HDFS 350)

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How to develop an idea/research question?

-Find a topic that you are interested in (be specific as possible)
-Read about what has been done and found before in that area
-Identify gaps, limitations, or unanswered questions

Choose a research design

-choose the research design that is most appropriate and feasible for testing your hypothesis
~randomized or quasi-experimental
~comparative, associational
~single-case designs

Develop Methods

-operationalize the variables so that you can measure them
-data collection:
~survey/questionnaire
~ test
~ observations

Select participants

Probability sampling:
-simple random sample
-stratified random sampling
Non-probability sampling:
-convenience sampling
-quato sampling
-snowball sampling

Recruit Participants

-Provide the participants with the informed consent information
-explain why the study is being conducted (but not the actual hypotheses)

Gather and Analyze Data

-enter it
-verify/clean it
-select the statistics that adequately tests your hypothesis
~correlation/regressions for variable
associations
~t-test/ANOVAs for group comparisons

Type I vs. Type II errors

Type I:
-when you reject the null hypothesis when you were not suppose to

Type II:
-when you fail to reject the null hypothesis when you were suppose to

Prepare a research report

sections include:
-literature review
-methods
-results
-discussion

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