English Exam: Poetry Terms

45 terms by casey_bordelon 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

figurative language

language that is used in writing to produce images in a reader's mind and to express ideas in fresh, vivid, and imaginative ways

conceit

extended metaphor

hyperbole

a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

motif

a theme or idea in a work of art or literature that is developed or repeated

symbol

something that stands for or represents something else

figure of speech

A device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things.

apostrophe

a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction

metaphor

a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

simile

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

metonomy

a figure of speech which the name of one object is substituted for that of another closely associated with it

synecdoche

A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).

oxymoron

a figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms

personification

A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes

alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

assonance

the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

consonance

the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words

onomatopoeia

using words that imitate the sound they denote

meter

A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry, determined by a certain number of feet

foot

The basic rhythmic unit of a line of poetry, formed by a combination of two or three syllables, either stressed or unstressed.

rhythm

the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

rhyme scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem

syntax

The grammatical structure of prose and poetry; sentence structure, punctuation and lines

stanza

a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem:
couplet=2
tercet/triplet=3
quatrain=4
sestet=6
septet=7
octave/octet=8

enjambment

the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next

caesura

a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line

fixed form

a poem that may be categorized by the pattern of its lines, meter, rhythm, or stanzas.

sonnet

a fourteen line form of poetry

Italian sonnet

Petrarchan:
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, with a "turn" at the end, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd

English sonnet

Shakespearean:
consists of three quatrains with the rhyme pattern "abab," cdcd," "efef" followed by a couplet with the pattern "gg" containing the "turn"

lyric

a short poem of songlike quality

blank verse

poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter

free verse

unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern

diction

the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning

connotation

refers to the implied or suggested meanings associated with a word beyond its dictionary definition

denotation

the literal meaning of a word

pun

a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meanings

litote

a figure of speech that emphasizes its subject by conscious understatement

tone

the writer's or speaker's attitude toward the subject of a story, toward a character, or toward the audience (the readers).

theme

a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work, shown though the relationship between verbs and nouns

speaker

the person speaking in the poem, like the narrator in prose - not always the poet

allusion

passing reference or indirect mention

analogy

drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect

juxtaposition

a side-by-side position in order to compare

paradox

a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.

antithesis

a direct opposite, a contrast

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set