History Final

Created by JennyWonderWoman 

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144 terms

Most scholars think the earliest inhabitants of North America...

crossed the Bering land bridge into America from Asia

The best evidence of cultural diversity among Archaic Indians is

languages

The only domesticated animal kept by Archaic Indians in N. America was...

a dog

The "kiva" was an important element of what religion?

Anasazi

Chaco Canyon flourished as the center of Anasazi culture until...

prolonged drought forced them to move.

An impressive feature of the Hopewell culture was its...

vast trading network.

A significant technological contribution of the Mississippians was the use of...

the bow and arrow

The largest ancient earthwork in North America is found at...

Cahokia

In the 900s, a Viking colonial expedition to North America was led by...

Erik the Red

Who led an expedition that circumnavigated the globe?

Ferdinand Magellan

Spain added the overseas empire of Portugal to its own during the reign of...

Philip II

Which nation was NOT an emerging rival to Spain's power?

Germany

Samuel de Champlain...

devoted his life to developing New France

The most active religious order in New France was the..

Jesuits

In the 1660's, New Netherland was captured by the...

English

English Separatists..

(all of the above)
-fled from Nottinghamshire...
-established a colony on Massachusetts Bay
-Openly opposed the hierarchy of the Church of England
-formed there own communities of worship

The House of Burgesses...

was the earliest legislature in North America

English Puritans followed the teachings and doctrines of...

John Calvin

The "headright" system DID NOT include

enough seed to plant a first crop of tobacco

Cardinal Richelieu's power in France epitomized the...

rising Counter-Reformation

French overseas expansion had been delayed some years because of...

civil war and religious upheaval at home

At the time of Columbus, North America was inhabited by about how many people?

7 million

The first permanent English settlement in N America was

Jamestown

What European monarch dominated European affairs for decades in the late 1600s?

Louis XIV

King William's War was triggered by...

English-supplied Iroquois raids near Montreal

The largest and most successful struggle for liberation took place along the upper Rio Grande among the...

Pueblo

Although the Pueblo Revolt was ultimately crushed, it succeeded in...

ending the system of forced labor and tribute.

The Navigation Acts...

defined the economic relationship of the colonies and mother country

England's primary commercial rival and target of the Navigation Act was the...

Dutch

Mercantilism involves...

striving for economic self-sufficiency

The Restoration refers to the

return to power of the Stuart monarchy under Charles II

The underlying cause of Bacon's Rebellion was the...

planter class's exclusive hold on political and economic power

The Glorious Revolution had its origins in...

religious intolerance and fears of rule by a Catholic king

Many in New England believed the violence and upheaval of the late 1600s..

was evidence of God's disfavor and divine judgement

The heavy-handed governor of the Dominion of New England who was overthrown around the time of the Glorious Revolution was...

Edmund Andros

A plan of government drafted by the Carolina proprietors...

tried to recreate the feudal hierarchy of medieval times

After 1660, colonial trade...

became a major sector in England's economy

The largest forced movement in human history was the...

deportation of Africans to the Americas

The first slaves in England's North American colonies were in...

Virginia

Initially a slave would be freed if they...

accepted Christianity

The event which did the most to push Virginia planters toward race slavery was...

Bacon's Rebellion

Planters gained a further advantage from the slave system when...

a new law decreed that any investor buying slaves was entitled to a headright of land for each slave

Europeans obtained most African slaves through...

African merchants along the coast

Of the various stages from freedom in Africa to slavery in the Americas, the highest mortality rate came during...

the middle passage of crossing the Atlantic

The highest proportion of enslaved workers occured in....

South Carolina

Georgia was founded by...

Anthony Ashley-Cooper

The principal cash crop of South Carolina was...

Rice

The form of slave resistance that remained the foremost in the minds of slave owners was...

an organized slave rebellion

What was NOT part of the Royal African Company's triangle trade...

tobacco and rice from North America to Africa

The_________ more so than any other European nation aspired to make the Indians into loyal subjects and Christian converts

Spanish

Introduction of ________ revolutionized the living pattern of the Cheyenne, Shoshone and Comanche.

horses

Through warfare, raids and conquest, the Comanche established firm control over most of present day...

Texas

The Sioux were important trading partners for the....

French

By the mid-eighteenth century, Britain's mainland colonies represented....

the largest concentration of humans that had ever occupied a single portion of the continent

Which was NOT part of the "redemption" contract variant of indentured servitude?

indentured servants received a 50-acre headright at the end of the contracted service

In comparison to England, the demographic growth of the colonies was...

dramatically larger

Which is NOT a motivation for Scottish emigration as noted in the text...

deportation

German immigrants were most likely to settle...

on the frontier fringe and establish new farms

The Great Wagon Road led settlers and commerce from Pennsylvania to...

the Piedmont of central Carolina

By mid-century, the greatest concentration of colonial wealth was found in...

the South

As New England grew and prospered, women...

steadily lost ground in relation to men

The largest city in the colonies was...

Philadelphia

James Cook...

explored the Hawaiian Islands

The "Paxton Boys"...

massacred peaceful Conestoga Indians near Lancaster, Pennsylvania

Grenville decided to keep a large garrison in the American colonies for all the following reasons EXCEPT....

colonists were unruly and resistant to government authority

The majority of the cost of war with France was paid by

British taxpayers

Grenville hoped the Sugar Act would...

reduce smuggling and increase revenues

Grenville's most important reform was the...

Stamp Act

The first attacks on the Stamp Act or the "Virginia Resolves" were made by...

Patrick Henry

The Glorious Revolution had...

limited the monarch's power and strengthened Parliament

The Quartering Act required the colonial governor of New York to provide the British army with all of the following EXCEPT...

gold and silver
(correct answers: firewood, bedding, candles, beer)

Social, economic and geographic divisions among the colonists...

were steadily overcome by perception of a government conspiracy to deprive the colonists of their liberties.

"Letters from a Farmer in Pennsylvania" raised the issue of...

No taxation without representation

The radical leader of agitation in Boston was...

Samuel Adams

The most effective form of protest used by the colonists was

boycotts of British goods

The fall of Fort Ticonderoga was important because...

Americans needed the artillery and ammunition captured there.

Ethan Allen...

led the Green Mountain Boys and captured Ft. Ticonderoga

Washington's strongest asset in taking command of the Continental Army was his...

southern roots which would help ensure southern support

The British were finally forced out of Boston...

when Washington acquired the artillery from Ft. Ticonderoga

The author of the influential pamphlet "Common Sense" was...

Thomas Paine

"Common Sense" advocated

independence and a republican form of government

At its core, the Declaration of Independence...

assumed government was based on the "social contract"

The Hessians were...

German mercenary troops recruited by the British

Burgoyne's invasion turned into a disaster when...

General Howe attacked and captured Philadelphia instead of joining with Burgoyne

The astounding American victory at Saratoga...

paved the way for an alliance with France

For the revolution to be a success, Americans not only had to achieve military victory, they also had to...

create a viable plan of self-governance

What American was sent by Congress to secure aid from France?

Ben Franklin

George Washington's secretary of state was...

Thomas Jefferson

The Democratic-Republicans were the political heirs of the...

Anti-Federalists

Which of the following was NOT part of Hamilton's financial plan?

establishing free trade between America and Great Britain

Jefferson argued that only...

states could create and charter financial institutions

The Alien and Sedition Acts...

(all of the above)

The XYZ affair was indicative of the troubled relations with...

France

The Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions...

asserted that states could nullify federal law

Washington issued the Neutrality Proclamation to avoid being drawn into the war between England and...

France

John Jay was sent to negotiate a resolution to all of the following problems with the British EXCEPT..

the unresolved northern boundary of Louisiana.

In the Treat of San Lorenzo, Thomas Pinckney secured...

free navigation of the Mississippi River and the right of deposit at New Orleans

The naturalization law of 1970...

raised the residency requirements to 11 years

What was an action taken by George Washington regarding his slaves?

his will provided for manumission

in 1805, the United States signed a peace treaty with...

Tripoli

Fort Mandan...

served as winter quarters for the Lewis and Clark expedition.

The Federalists were seriously crippled by the untimely death of...

Alexander Hamilton

The most intense opposition to the 1807 embargo came from...

New England

An unexpected result of the Embargo Act was the...

promotion of industrialization at home

Which of the following is NOT true of the Lewis and Clark expedition?

they located a commercial route across the Rocky Mountains.

War Hawks has the greatest support in...

the West

The "Prophet" was the Shawnee leader...

Tenskwatawa

During the War of 1812, the strongest advocates of states' rights were...

Federalists

One of the most humiliating episodes of the War of 1812 for the Americans came with the...

British capture of Washington DC

Francis Scott Key was inspired to write the "Star Spangled Banner" by...

the battle for Baltimore at Fort McHenry

The American victory at new Orleans is associated with...

Andrew Jackson

The president most associated with the Era of Good Feelings is...

James Monroe

To reward veterans of the War of 1812, Congress granted each one...

160 acres of land in the western territories

Sacajawea was...

Shoshone

In the 1840s, it is estimated that one family in how many moved every year?

5

Out of a population of several million, about how many slaves tried to escape each year?

50,000

The leading Transcendentalists were Ralph Waldo Emerson and...

Henry David Thoreau

The "Trail of Tears" referred to...

the forced movement of the Cherokee and other tribes to Indian Territory

Marcus and Narcissa Whitman are associated with an early settlement in...

Oregon (NOT UTAH!!!!!)

Mormons were led to Utah by...

Bringham Young

The federal government encouraged settlement in Oregon by...

surveying and mapping the Oregon Trail

The first national worker's organization was the

National Trades Union (NOT; NATIONAL LABOR UNION)

Nativists...

accused immigrants of stealing jobs by working for low wages and corrupting American values

The major issue of the election of 1844 was...

annexation of Texas and western expansion

Temperance reformers supported...

prohibition of alcohol

The first college to accept men and women, black and white, was...

Oberlin

The term "manifest destiny" was associated with...

American efforts to conquer the continent

The first president of the Republic of Texas was...

Sam Houston

In the war, Mexico City fell to the American forces under the command of...

Winfield Scott

The "Yankee Strip" in the Midwest included...

(all of the above)
Michigan, Wisconson, Minnesota, Ohio

In 1853, Southerners supported the purchase of land from Mexico to...

secure a possible route for a railroad

In disputes over land titles between Anglos and Mexicans, US courts...

tended to disregard the validity of the titles

Many New Englanders, finding it hard to make a living on farms, increasingly looked for work in....

shoe factories and textile mills

The first conference devoted to the status of women was held in 1848 at...

Seneca Falls

The "Declaration of Sentiment" expressed women's rights to all of the following EXCEPT...

attend schools

The Free-Soil Party's platform included all of the following EXCEPT...

an ambitious foreign policy agenda of territorial expansion

In the 1848 election, the Whig Party began to unravel because of the issue of...

abolition

The architect of the "American System" was...

Henry Clay

The most objectionable provision of the Compromise of 1850 to northern abolitionists was...

passage of a national Fugitive Slave Law

The Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo guaranteed citizenship rights to...

Mexican Americans

Which of the following states came into the US as a result of the War with Mexico?

(ALL OF THE ABOVE)
Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, Nevada

In Texas, newly arrived European Americans battled...

Tejanos

People of the lower Midwest retained strong cultural ties to...

New England

California became a state in the year...

1850

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