Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The organ that nourishes the fetus in the mothers womb is called

Placenta

What vitamin routinely is given by injection to all infants at birth?

K

Children will more effectively develop the breakfast eating habit if

parents eat breakfast with them

The label on a package of Kool Aid indicates that it contains vitamin C,the amount listed is a percentage of the

Daily Value

Measurements of height, weight, body circumferences, and body fat are called

Anthropometrics

The most important dietary approach for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus is to

lose body fat

What includes all energy-yielding substances?

Carbohydrates, Lipids, Protein

Breast Milk Contains Approximately how many kcalories per quart

640

this is a time of particular importance to avoid nutritional deficiencies and insults to prevent harm to the fetus

the first trimester of pregnancy

the most sensitive indicator of long-term nutrient intake in a child is

height

the best exercise for overweight people is

bicycling

Promising dessert to a child when vegetables are eaten is

never recommended

True or false: Corn oil contains cholesterol

false

what is the composition of the triglyceride form of fats

Fatty acids and Glycerol

True or False: There is significant evidence that prenatal supplements for pregnancy are harmful

false

Which of the statements following is true:
1. supplements of vitamin A can be dangerous

2.. supplements commonly contain iron and folate

3. physicians routinely prescribe them

all of them

According to the American academy of pediatrics, the best age to introduce solid foods into the infants diet is

4-6months

The dietary guidelines for Americans recommends which of the following?

Being physically active each day

Cardiovascular disease risk factors include

HDL cholesterol > 40 mg/dl

Which of the following hormones corrects a hyperglycemic state?

Insulin

Minerals are classified in which way?

Trace minerals are needed in amounts 100 mg per day or less

Carol has heartburn during her pregnancy, what would NOT be a good recommendation for her?

Laying down after she eats

A vegetarian who excludes animal flesh but consumes such products as milk and eggs is referred to as a(n)

Lacto-ovo-vegetarian

True or false: The major reason why women do not breast-feed is lack of information

true

Current factors that can influence American food habits negatively are

The time-oriented, hurried lifestyle leading to many meals eaten away from home

What is the function of mucus in the stomach?

Protects stomach cells from gastric juices

High protein diets may be harmful for

those with kidney disease

The body stores excess protein as

triglycerides

Iron stores present at birth generally are depleted by _____ to _____ months

4; 6

Susie is 3 years old. At her most recent checkup she was at the 20th percentile for height. This means that

79 of 100 girls her age are taller than she is

To which body part does blood travel to pick up oxygen and release carbon dioxide

Lungs

Body weight to kilograms divided by height squared in meters yields

The body mass index

A vegetarian who eats only plant foods is a

Vegan

During pregnancy, it is particularly important to make sure to consume adequate

Essential fatty acids- linoleic acid (omega 6) and alpha-linolenic (omega 3)

Obesity during pregnancy is associated with

High blood pressure, diabetes during pregnancy, and surgical complications

Lactose intolerance is caused by a

lactase deficiency

True or false: Increased risk of developing food allergies is an advantage to breast feeding

false

True or false: Fewer gastrointestinal risk of developing food allergies, decreased financial costs are all advantages of breast feeding

true

The most active area for the absorption of nutrients into the body is the

Small Intestine

What structure prevents food from entering the trachea when you swallow?

Epiglottis

Which large blood vessel is the first to receive most recently eaten nutrients, transporting them to the liver?

Portal vein

The best way for a calcium-deficient pregnant woman to get the extra calcium she needs is to consume

Low-fat milk and cheese

A disaccharide is formed by the chemical bonding of

Two monosaccharides

Maggie has anorexia nervosa and regularly starves herself. She is likely to be in a state of

Negative protein balance

The acronym RDA stands for

Recommended Dietary Allowance

Basal metabolism is the energy expended

When resting, but awake, and in a fasting state

What substance helps suspend fat in a watery digestive mixture, making fat more available to digestive enzymes?

Bile

Which of the following is true about the way we should eat to achieve good nutritional status?

Eat a wide variety of foods because no single natural food meets all human nutrient needs

Which of the following is not a class of nutrient?

Alcohol

All of the following are true of high quality protein except

It provides 7 kcal/g of energy

For which of the following activities would carbohydrate loading be warranted?

Marathon

Approximately what percentage of obese children become obese adults?

40%

Xenical is a weight loss drug that works in the digestive system

To block digestion of about one-third of the fat in the food we eat

The new WHO growth standards stress that _______________ is the biological norm for infant nutrition

Breastfeeding

The nutrient that can be considered both a vitamin and a hormone is

Vitamin D

During each feeding, human milk changes composition in which of the following ways?

Fat increases

Which of the following describes a fatty acid that has one double bond?

Monounsaturated

Consumption of non-food items such as laundry starch, ice and dirt is known as

Pica

A saturated fatty acid contains

No double bonds

The hormone that triggers "let down" or milk release is

Oxytocin

An adverse reaction to a food that does not involve the immune system is

A food intolerance

Which of the following terms describes psychological influences that encourage us to find and eat food?

Appetite

A function of the large intestine is to absorb

Water and minerals

The process that plants use to make glucose from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of the sun's heat and light is called

Photosynthesis

True or false : Most overweight infants become normal weight preschoolers

true

All of the following describe the characteristics of fat cells except

A.
The number of fat cells decreases when fat is lost from the body
B.
The storage capacity for fat depends on both fat cell number and fat cell size
C.
The number increases when storage capacity has reached its limit
D.
The body's ability to store fat is limitless

A. The number of fat cells decreases when fat is lost from the body

Water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins differ in which way?

Water-soluble vitamins are less likely to be toxic

Infants need fat because it aids in absorption of several vitamins and also helps the ______________ to develop.

Nervous system

Extra kcalories for pregnancy are needed mostly during which trimester(s)?

Second and third

Which of the following is true about the lymphatic system?

A.
The specialized fluid carried by this system is blood
B.
This system never intersects with the bloodstream
C.
It is not involved in the transport of nutrients
D.
It is important for transporting fat-soluble nutrients

It is important for transporting fat-soluble nutrients

High-fiber diets are

Not recommended for infants

Which statement about vitamins is true?

A.
Cannot be stored by the body
B.
Are inorganic
C.
Help regulate chemical reactions in the body
D.
Directly supply energy

Help regulate chemical reactions in the body

The vitamin that prevents beriberi is

Thiamin

Cancer is the 2nd most common cause of death in the US, after _________________.

heart disease

________________ tumors stay in one place.

benign

Which of the following is NOT associated with increased cancer risk?

A.
viruses
B.
heredity
C.
environment
D.
smoking
E.
None of the above

None of the above

Which of the following is associated with increased cancer risk?
A.
Vitamin C
B.
Vitamin E
C.
Calcium
D.
BBQed foods

BBQed foods

Which of the following in not one of the 'Five things you should remember about preventing cancer'?

A.
Eat lots of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
B.
Discover the pleasure of physical activity
C.
Stay tobacco free
D.
Enjoy a low-fat diet
E.
Protect yourself from the sun between 4:00 pm and 9:00 pm

Protect yourself from the sun between 4:00 pm and 9:00 pm

Diabetes is the ___________ leading cause of death from disease in the U.S.

Sixth

Which type of diabetes has the following symptoms:
• Caused by autoimmune destruction of pancreatic cells
• Can occur at any age
• Patients require exogenous insulin - injections or pumps

Type 1

Which is not a symptom of Diabetes?

A.
Increased thirst
B.
Increased urination
C.
Increased hunger
D.
Unusual weight change
E.
None of the above

None of the above

Which is not a key hormone produced by the Islets of Langerhans?

Grehrin

Which is not a key effect of Insulin?

Promotes breakdown of tissue fat and protein

A Criteria for Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus is

Fasting plasma glucose greater than or equal to 126 mg/dl

Which of the following is NOT an element of a therapy plan for diabetes?
A.
Diet
B.
Exercise
C.
Ensuring adequate insulin activity
D.
Controlling stress
E.
None of the above

None of the above

What is another name for a stroke?

Cerebrovascular accident

Which of the following is NOT a type of lipoprotein?

A.
VLDL
B.
LDL
C.
HDL
D.
VHDL
E.
None of the above

None of the above

Which item below is not a recognized criteria for diagnosing Metabolic Syndrome?

A.
Waist circumference greater than 40 inches for women
B.
Triglycerides over 150 mg/dl
C.
Blood pressure over 129/84 mm Hg
D.
Fasting blood glucose over 109 mg/dl
E.
None of the above

Waist circumference greater than 40 inches for women

About what percentage of American adults have hypertension?

25%

Kidney function does not include which of the following?

A.
Maintain pH
B.
Maintain water
C.
Maintain salt
D.
Maintain blood volume
E.
None of the above

None of the above

Which of the following is NOT a recognized major nephron function?

A.
Filtration
B.
Reabsorption
C.
Secretion
D.
Excretion
E.
None of the above

None of the above

How many stages of chronic kidney disease are recognized?

5

Which is not a kidney stone type?

None of the above

Following surgery there is an increased need for protein. Which is not a valid reason?

A.
Building tissue for wound healing
B.
Controlling shock
C.
Resisting infection
D.
Controlling edema
E.
None of the above

None of the above

A good definition of Parenteral would be:

nourishment through small peripheral veins or large central vein

Which of the following is not a symptom of Dumping Syndrome:

A.
Cramping and feeling of fullness.
B.
Rapid pulse
C.
Wave of weakness and cold sweating
D.
Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
E.
None of the above

None of the above

Ileostomy involves which part of the digestive system?

Esophagus

Anorexia patients do not exhibit which sign:

A.
Eating very little food
B.
Exercising compulsively
C.
Hiding and storing food
D.
Withdrawing from friends and family
E.
None of the above

None of the above

Which item below would not fit the profile of a Bulimic?

A.
Mature adults
B.
Manifest impulsive behavior
C.
Predisposed to becoming overweight
D.
Tried frequent weight-reduction diets as a teen
E.
None of the above

Mature adults

Even if one tries to vomit out their meals, what percentage if the calories are absorbed?

33 - 75%

How many Calories are there in one gram of protein?

4

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set