EDP 256

Created by katieshinkle20100 

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In comparison to typical students, students who are exceptional
A. have both similarities and differences
B. are similar in almost every way.
C. are different in almost every way
D. have the same instructional needs, but differ in ability level

A. have both similarities and differences

The most important characteristic of exceptional learners is
A. their physical limitations
B. their disabilities
C. their abilities
D. their health concerns

C. Their abilities

Which one of the following descriptions distinguishes best between a disability and a
handicap?
A. Disabilities are functional impairments, while handicaps are disadvantages imposed on an individual
B. Disabilities are more severe than handicaps.
C. Handicaps are caused by disabilities
D. There is no real difference between the two; the terms are interchangeable.

A. Disabilities are functional impairments, while handicaps are disadvantages imposed on an individual

Blaire uses a wheel chair for mobility. She is a member of her high schoolʹs varsity cheerleading squad. For purposes of cheer leading, Blaire would be considered to have

A. a disability.
B. a handicap.
C. a disability and a handicap
D. neither a disability nor a handicap

A. a disabilty

Annette is a high school student who reads at the level of a typical third grader. She wants to get her driverʹs license, but is unable to read the driverʹs manual or the questions on the driving test. For purposes of driver training, Annette would be considered to have

A. a disability
B. a handicap
C. a disability and a handicap
D. neither a disability nor a handicap

C. a disability and a handicap

A six-month-old child who cannot walk or talk would best be described as having a(n)

A. disability
B. age-appropriate disability
C. age-appropriate inability
D. instructional inability

C. age-appropriate inability

Although no two students are alike, to be considered ʺexceptionalʺ for purposes of their school program, students must

A. have a disability related to their academic progress
B. be handicapped
C. require special educational services to achieve their potential
D. have a history of school failure

C. require special educational services to achieve their potential

When special education works as it should, the outcome for students is

A. the ability to hide their disabilities
B. the eradication of their disabilities
C. instruction in a special class
D. improved achievement and behavior

D. improved achievement and behavior

Which one of the following students most resembles the ʺtypicalʺ student who receives special education services?

A. Joe is a high school student with a physical disability.
B. Lisa is an elementary school student with mental retardation
C. Edna is a middle school student with a learning disability
D. Sam is an elementary school student with a learning disability

D. Sam is an elementary school student with a learning disability

By federal law, an exceptional student is eligible for special education when

A. a teacher recommends it
B. careful assessment indicates he or she is unable to make satisfactory progress in the
regular school program
C. a parent requests it
D. a teacher has recorded observations of behavior and assessment of academic
performance for at least two months

B. careful assessment indicates he or she is unable to make satisfactory progress in the
regular school program

Prevalence refers to

A. the number of individuals having a particular exceptionality.
B. the probability of having a child with a particular exceptionality
C. the percentage of a population having a particular exceptionality
D. the distribution of exceptionalities across different segments of the population.

C. the percentage of a population having a particular exceptionality

Each of the following may in part explain changes in prevalence of disabilities EXCEPT

A. improved diet among impoverished children
B. changes in definitions
C. changes in diagnostic criteria
D. social acceptability of some labels

A. improved diet among impoverished children

Dramatic increases in prevalence figures since 1995 have been recorded for children identified as having

A. learning disabilities
B. mental retardation
C. physical disabilities
D. autism or traumatic brain injury

D. autism or traumatic brain injury

Which one of the following provides the best definition of special education?

A. Special education uses special equipment and materials
B. Special education meets individual needs of exceptional students.
C. Special education is delivered by a certified special education teacher
D. Special education provides greater structure and smaller classes

B. Special education meets individual needs of exceptional students.

Educational services and placement for exceptional students depends on

A. student characteristics and community resources
B. teacher attitudes and student preferences
C. both student and parental preferences
D. the category of exceptionality and parental preferences

A. student characteristics and community resources

Mr. Pondʹs teaching job requires him to move from school to school, visiting classrooms to

A. He is a resource teacher
B. He is a speech and language consultant
C. He is an itinerant teacher
D. He is a diagnostic-prescriptive teacher

C. He is an itinerant teacher

Leslie is enrolled in a regular classroom, but works with a special education teacher in a
special education classroom for an hour a day. What type of special education services does Leslie receive?

A. She receives itinerant services.
B. She receives resource services
C. She receives consultation services
D. She receives diagnostic-prescriptive services

B. She receives resource services

Of the following, the special education intervention that represents the highest level of
specialization is

A. instruction by an itinerant teacher
B. instruction in a diagnostic-prescriptive center.
C. consultation by a special educator.
D. instruction in a self-contained special education classroom

D. instruction in a self-contained special education classroom

Estella has a learning disability. Her primary placement is most likely a

A. self-contained special education class
B. regular classroom
C. resource room
D. special day school

B. regular classroom

All teachers must be prepared to work with exceptional students for all of the following
reasons EXCEPT

A. Most exceptional students are in the regular classroom for part of the day
B. Most teachers have the supports needed to work in the regular classroom with students
of all exceptionalities
C. Many students who are not identified as being in need of services share characteristics of those who are.
D. Radical reforms of special education threaten special education as a separate, identifiable
part of education.

B. Most teachers have the supports needed to work in the regular classroom with students
of all exceptionalities

Communication requires

A. language
B. encoding and decoding.
C. speech
D. listening and speaking

B. encoding and decoding.

Language disorders are generally classified according to two dimensions:

A. domain and etiology.
B. primary and secondary causes.
C. phonology and cause.
D. specific impairment and expressive delay

A. domain and etiology.

The most common fluency disorder is
A. stuttering.
B. acquired aphasia
C. echolalia
D. dysarthria

A. stuttering.

The communication of ideas through an arbitrary system of symbols used according to certain rules that determine meaning is

A. speech
B. language
C. communication
D. phonology

B. language

Encoding, or sending messages, is referred to as
A. expressive language
B. receptive language
C. discourse
D. communication

A. expressive language

"Phonology" refers to linguistic rules governing

A. construction of sentences
B. sound combinations
C. patterns of language use
D. construction of word forms

B. sound combinations

Most speech disorders are addressed primarily by a speech-language pathologist, not a classroom teacher

True
False

True

A language disorder that involves problems with functional and socially appropriate communication is

A. communication
B. semantics
C. speech
D. pragmatics

D. pragmatics

The meanings and concepts people attach to words and sentences are referred to as

A. morphology
B. pragmatics
C. syntax
D. semantics.

D. semantics.

It is difficult to estimate the prevalence of communication disorders primarily because


A. there is so much overlap with other categories of disability
B. schools do not maintain accurate records in this area
C. many parents are reluctant to allow their children to receive speech and language services
D. definitions of communication disorders vary so much from state to state

A. there is so much overlap with other categories of disability

Janice has a speech disorder which causes her to speak extremely slowly. This is a disorder of

A. articulation
B. language.
C. voice.
D. fluency

D. fluency

Which statement is true concerning the comparison between the language of a normally developing child and one with a language disorder?

A. the sequence of a development is similar, but milestones are reached at later years by the child with a disorder
B. the sequence of a development is different, but milestones are reached at around the same ages
C. the sequence of development is different, and milestones are reached later by the child with a disorder
D. there is no developmental difference; they just sound different

A. the sequence of a development is similar, but milestones are reached at later years by the child with a disorder

Specific language impairment refers to

A. language disorders resulting from learning disabilities
B. language disorders with no identifiable cause
C. language disorders occurring concomitantly with other disorders
D. language disorders resulting from mental retardation

B. language disorders with no identifiable cause

Which one of the following is an example of an alternative question-asking strategy?

A. focusing on student-initiated questions
B. reducing the complexity of a question
C. increasing interaction between student and teacher so both members ask and answer
D. creating several questions with synonymous meaning

B. reducing the complexity of a question

Articulation disorders

A. are easily distinguished
B. refer to the same problem
C. are caused by biological factors
D. involve errors in word production

D. involve errors in word production

The dimensions of voice are

A. resonance, pitch, and loudness
B. resonance, loudness, and quality
C. pitch, loudness, and quality
D. resonance, pitch, and quality

C. pitch, loudness, and quality

The primary role of the classroom teacher is to facilitate development of which aspect of language?

A. phonology
B. semantics
C. pragmatics
D. morphology

C. pragmatics

Children with language disorders frequently experience problems with written language as well.
True
False

True

he ability to transfer written words into speech is

A. phonology
B. decoding
C. encoding
D. reading

B. decoding

Methods of progress monitoring that involve a cycle of teaching, followed by testing, and then reteaching as necessary are

A. dynamic assessments
B. curriculum-based language and communication assessment
C. curriculum-based management
D. response to intervention

A. dynamic assessments

Many people who are deaf believe that deafness should not be considered a disability

True
False

true

Which academic area is most affected by deafness?

A. spelling
B. writing
C. reading
D. math

C. reading

Teaching people with hearing impairments to use visual information (such as facial expressions) to understand what is being said to them is

A. speech reading
B. lip reading
C. face reading
D. gestural reading

A. speech reading

It is not unusual for students with deafness to read at what grade level when they graduate from high school?

A. first
B. fourth
C. eighth
D. twelfth

B. fourth

The focus of early intervention for children with hearing impairments is on

A. social skills.
B. language development
C. play
D. concept acquisition

B. language development

According to its advocates of American Sign Language(ASL), a major advantage of ASL over signing English systems is that

A. interpreters can easily sign in ASL while speaking in English.
B. most public schools are already using ASL in special education programs.
C. ASL provides a stronger knowledge base for developing literacy in English.
D. users of ASL score higher on tests of intelligence than users of Signing English systems

C. ASL provides a stronger knowledge base for developing literacy in English.

Which one of the following best describes American Sign Language (ASL)?

A. loosely structured group of gestures
B. system for communicating concrete ideas
C. language with its own grammatical rules
D. manual translation of English sentences

C. language with its own grammatical rules

A particularly controversial point of view held by many members of the Deaf culture is that


A. children should not receive cochlear implants to improve their hearing
B. parents should not permit children who are deaf to learn English.
C. all students who are deaf should attend residential schools until the age of 16.
D. all citizens should be required to learn American Sign Language

A. children should not receive cochlear implants to improve their hearing

The most important organ for hearing is the

A. cerumen.
B. tympanic membrane.
C. vestibular mechanism.
D. cochlea

D. cochlea

From the physiological perspective, the distinction between ʺdeafʺ and ʺhard of hearingʺ is based on


A. decibels levels detected.
B. frequency of sounds detected
C. location of hearing loss.
D. language ability.

A. decibels levels detected.

The earlier a child experiences a hearing loss, the more difficulty he/she will have in developing spoken language.

True
False

True

Sensorineural impairments are caused by problems in the

A. oval window.
B. middle ear
C. inner ear
D. conductive pathway

C. Inner Ear

Elise has a hearing loss that occurred during childhood. Her loss is best described as

A. congenital.
B. sensorineural
C. adventitious
D. conductive

C. adventitious

People who say that deafness should not be considered a disability argue that

A. there is a difference between prelingual and postlingual deafness
B. they should be considered a cultural minority with a language of their own.
C. there are advantages to being deaf, so it is not a disability
D. although deafness is a handicap, it is not a disability.

B. they should be considered a cultural minority with a language of their own.

The ʺspeech reception thresholdʺ is best defined as the

A. dB level at which one can understand speech.
B. intensity and frequency of spoken English
C. Hz level at which the average person can detect sound
D. level at which the human ear can discriminate between similar sounds.

A. dB level at which one can understand speech.

The total communication approach utilizes

A. Braille and manual communication.
B. sign language and a typewriter
C. a telephone and a computer.
D. oral and manual communication

D. oral and manual communication

In recent years, many parents and professionals have questioned the trend toward inclusion of children with hearing impairment because

A. it creates too much work for the regular teacher
B. they do not get along with the other students.
C. it reduces their opportunity to participate in the signing community.
D. they do not have the cognitive or academic skills to succeed in the mainstream

C. it reduces their opportunity to participate in the signing community.

When assessing the intellectual abilities of students with deafness, it is best to use which type of test?


A. performance
B. verbal
C. norm-referenced
D. criterion-referenced

A. performance

The ossicles function to create

A. increased sense of balance.
B. electrical impulse being sent to the brain
C. transfer of energy from the middle to the inner ear.
D. movement of the stapes

C. transfer of energy from the middle to the inner ear.

Children who are deaf reach language development milestones in sign later than hearing children do in spoken language.

True
False

False

The legal definition of blindness involves assessment of

A. color perception and visual acuity.
B. field of vision and depth perception
C. visual acuity and field of vision.
D. depth perception and color perception

C. visual acuity and field of vision.

When guiding a person who is blind, you should

A. take his or her arm and push him/her ahead of you
B. let the person take your arm and walk slightly behind you
C. walk at a slower pace than normal.
D. allow the person to go through a door ahead of you

B. let the person take your arm and walk slightly behind you

Blindness occurs most often in


A. adulthood.
B. adolescence.
C. early childhood
D. preadolescence.

A. adulthood

People who are blind have an extra sense that enables them to detect obstacles

True
False

False

Social adjustment problems for children with visual impairment are most likely the result of

A. inherent personality problems.
B. societyʹs reaction to people who are blind
C. stereotypic behaviors.
D. blindisms which cannot be controlled

B. societyʹs reaction to people who are blind

The condition that results when the cornea or lens of the eye is irregular resulting in blurred vision is known as

A. myopia
B. hyperopia
C. astigmatism
D. glaucoma

C. astigmatism

A long cane is generally preferred over a guide dog as a mobility aid for a child with blindness.

True
False

true

Itinerant teachers are more likely to be used in the area of visual impairment than in other areas of disability primarily because

A. most classroom modifications are a matter of common sense
B. blindness is a low prevalence condition
C. there are not enough teachers trained in Braille to accommodate the number of students who need training in Braille
D. regular classroom teachers can be easily trained to deal with the special needs of students with visual impairment

B. blindness is a low prevalence condition

The structure in the eye which refines and changes the focus of the light rays is the


A. lens.
B. pupil.
C. vitreous humor
D. retina.

A. lens.

Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is caused by


A. premature birth.
B. excessive oxygen given to infants at birth
C. fetal alcohol syndrome.
D. degenerative hereditary disease

B. excessive oxygen given to infants at birth

According to Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), braille services and instruction must be made available unless all members of an individualized education program (IEP) agree that braille should not be used.

True
False

True

In general, people who are blind

A. have superior musical ability.
B. have an extra sense that enables them to detect obstacles.
C. make better use of acuity in their other senses.
D. automatically develop superior powers of concentration.

C. make better use of acuity in their other senses.

When walking, Lisa, an eighteen-year-old with blindness, has learned to attend to the subtle changes in pitch of echoes from objects as she moves towards them. Which phenomenon is responsible for these changes?

A. obstacle sense
B. Doppler effect
C. echolalia
D. tactual perception

B. Doppler effect

Which educational consideration requiring special modifications for students with little or no sight refers to a skill needed more for everyday living than for academics?

A. Braille
B. use of remaining sight
C. listening skills
D. mobility training

D. mobility training

Adults who are blind are employed at about half the rate of those who are sighted

True
False

True

The retina is

A. the contractile opening in the middle of the iris.
B. the colored portion of the eye that contracts or expands depending on the amount of light striking it
C. the back portion of the eye containing nerve fibers connected to the optic nerve
D. a transparent cover in front of the iris and pupil.

C. the back portion of the eye containing nerve fibers connected to the optic nerve

A skill used by people who are blind to aid them in acquiring mobility is


A. sequential mapping

B. spatial ability.

C. Doppler effect.

D. tactual perception.

B. spatial ability.

The majority of people who are legally blind have some useful vision.

True
False

True

David has myopia. Another term for this condition is


A. nearsightedness
B. farsightedness
C. blurred vision
D. color blindness

A. nearsightedness

Repetitive movements such as rocking, rubbing the eyes, and grimacing displayed by some people who are blind are known as

A. blindisms.

B. redundant behavior
C. stereotypic behavior
D. perseverations

C. stereotypic behavior

Brain damage caused by internal compression, stretching, or other shearing motion of neural tissues within the head is due to

A. open head injuries
B. external force
C. closed head injuries
D. degenerative conditions

C. closed head injuries

Any manual or electronic means by which a person who is unable to communicate through normal speech can express wants and needs, share information, engage in social closeness, or manage social etiquette is

A. facilitated communication
B. augmentative or alternative communication
C. manual communication
D. applied functional communication.

B. augmentative or alternative communication

The effects of TBI are always severe and permanent.

True
False

False

After age 5, and increasingly through adolescence, the primary cause of TBI is

A. assaults
B. accidental falls
C. vehicular accidents
D. gunshot wounds

C. vehicular accidents

An inherited syndrome of deaf-blindness characterized by hearing loss and retinitis pigmentosa, resulting in night blindness and tunnel vision is


A. Usher syndrome.
B. Asperger syndrome.
C. CHARGE syndrome
D. Down syndrome.

A. Usher syndrome.

The process of finding out why or under what circumstances problem behavior is exhibited is called

A. positive behavioral support.
B. functional behavioral assessment
C. functional behavioral analysis.
D. positive behavior management

B. functional behavioral assessment

The greatest complicating factor in most students' return to school following TBI is

A. social skills
B. physical appearance
C. physical strength
D. language or speech disorders

D. language or speech disorders

In addressing the needs of students with deaf-blindness, two priniciples that practitioners and parents should keep in mind are

A. incidental learning and structured routines
B. direct instruction and structured routines
C. direct instruction and variable routines
D. indirect instruction and structured routines

B. direct instruction and structured routines

Tactual signals that can convey a number of messages depending on the situation and context are

A. hand-under-hand guidance
B. touch cues
C. adapted signs
D. tactual signs

B. touch cues

An adaptation that may be used by a person who is deaf-blind to communicate with the public is


A. assistance cards
B. pictorial cards
C. the long cane
D. tape-recorded messages

A. assistance cards

A type of augmentative or alternative communication that requires someone else to physically assist the intended communicator that appears to have been discredited by research is

A. falsified communication
B. prompted communication
C. assisted communication
D. facilitated communication

D. facilitated communication

With intensive instruction, many persons with severe and multiple disabilities are able to live independently or semi-independently

True
False

True

Repeated physical self-abuse, such as biting, scratching, or poking oneself, head banging, and so in is called

A. self-torture
B. self-injurious behavior
C. self-abuse
D. self-stimulation

B. self-injurious behavior

Madeline's mother told her to pick up her stuffed bear and put it away. Madeline threw herself to the ground and began kicking and screaming. Madeline's mom put the bear away herself, telling Madeline, "O.K., O.K., calm down." Madeline quickly ended her tantrum and returned to playing. Which statement is true?

A. The mother's behavior makes future tantrums less likely
B. the mother's behavior reinforced the tantrum behavior
C. the mother imposted an unreasonable demand on her child
D. people with multiple severe disabilities should not be expected to do chores

B. the mother's behavior reinforced the tantrum behavior

The process of finding out why or under what circumstances problem behavior is exhibited is called

A. positive behavioral support
B. functional behavioral assessment
C. functional behavioral analysis
D. positive behavior management

B. functional behavioral assessment

Most authorities agree that the biggest obstacle faced by persons with deaf-blindness is

A. self-help skills
B. accessing information
C. navigating the environment
D. communication.

D. communication.

The term deaf-blindness includes those with a combination of low vision and mild hearing impairments

True
False

True

The process of identifying alternative, acceptable ways to communicate through teaching more appropriate behaviors and/or changing the environment to reduce the likelihood of prompting the undesirable behavior is

A. positive behavioral support
B. functional behavioral assessment
C. functional behavioral analysis
D. positive behavior management

A. positive behavioral support

Which of the following is a fundamental assumption of positive behavioral support?

A. Typically, one factor alone is responsible for the presence of specific behavior
B. each behavior carries a communicative intent
C. some behaviors have no communicative intent
D. positive behavioral support is not like to behavior modification

B. each behavior carries a communicative intent

Any repetitive, stereotyped behavior that seems to have no immediately apparent purpose other than providing sensory stimulation is

A. self-mutilation
B. self-injury
C. self-stimulation
D. tantrums.

C. self-stimulation

Muscles that are floppy or lack tone are known as

A. atonic.
B. spastic
C. choreothetoid
D. reflexive

A. atonic.

Impairments that a child is born with are referred to as

A. primary characteristics
B. congenital anomalies
C. secondary problems
D. acquired disabilities

B. congenital anomalies

In most students with orthopedic or musculoskeletal disorders, intelligence is unaffected.

True
False

True

A condition that is incurable is

A. progressive
B. episodic
C. chronic
D. acute

C. Chronic

Impairments that are the result of injury to the brain that also affect the ability to move parts of one's body are

A. neurological impairments
B. traumatic brain injuries
C. orthopedic impairments
D. neuromotor impairments

D. neuromotor impairments

Cerebral palsy is classified by

A. the limbs involved and type of motor disability
B. time period during which brain damage occurred
C. severity of the symptoms
D. the effect on intellectual functioning

A. the limbs involved and type of motor disability

The intelligence of children with cerebral palsy is


A. almost always in the range of mental retardation
B. clearly higher than the average for the general population
C. nearly the same as for the general population
D. difficult to assess due to difficulties in perception, movement, or response speed

D. difficult to assess due to difficulties in perception, movement, or response speed

The quality of life of children with epilepsy is

A. significantly lower than that of children with other disabilities
B. related to unique risk factors, different from those that affect other children with disabilities
C. related to the same risk factors that affect quality of life for others with disabilities
D. significantly better than that of children with other disabilities

C. related to the same risk factors that affect quality of life for others with disabilities

The extent of the paralysis in spina bifida depends on

A. the stage of development during which it occurs
B. the success or failure of the surgery to close the opening
C. the success or failure of the surgery to repair the nerve damage
D. the location of the spinal cord defect

D. the location of the spinal cord defect

Fetal alcohol syndrome, caused by the motherʹs use of alcohol during pregnancy, is one of the most common syndromes involving

A. muscular dystrophy and learning disabilities
B. congenital malformations and intellectual disability
C. cerebral palsy and intellectual disability
D. AIDS and intellectual disability

B. congenital malformations and intellectual disability

When a childʹs nervous system is damaged, no matter what the cause, which of the following is almost always one of the symptoms?

A. muscular weakness or paralysis
B. cognitive deficits
C. spastic movements
D. atonic movements

A. muscular weakness or paralysis

Tim has a hereditary disease characterized by progressive weakness and degeneration of muscle fibers. His condition is

A. muscular dystrophy
B. spina bifida
C. cerebral palsy
D. multiple sclerosis

A. muscular dystrophy

A teacher who fails to report child abuse or neglect may be held legally liable.

True
False

True

Rheumatoid arthritis is a potentially debilitating disease that

A. causes rapid deterioration of muscle tissue
B. is characterized by pain in and around the joints and muscles
C. is associated with neurological degeneration
D. occurs only in the elderly

B. is characterized by pain in and around the joints and muscles

A lung disease characterized by episodic inflammation or obstruction of the air passages such that the person has difficulty breathing is

A. allergies
B. bronchitis
C. asthma
D. inhalation

C. asthma

Which of the following statements about AIDs is true?

A. it only makes one susceptible to fatal infections
B. children with AIDs seldom acquire neurological problems as a result of the condition
C. children in minority populations are at less of a risk for contracting HIV infections that cause AIDs
D. with reasonable procedures, there is no serious chance for transmission of AIDs in the classroom

D. with reasonable procedures, there is no serious chance for transmission of AIDs in the classroom

Which statement about phenylketonuria (PKU) is true?

A. it only causes intellectual disabilities
B. it is the only know genetically determined metabolic disorder
C. it requires a life-long special diet for treatment
D. it goes away in late childhood

C. it requires a life-long special diet for treatment

Jim has an artificial leg. This is an example of

A. orthosis
B. prosthesis
C. adaptive device
D. assistive device

B. prosthesis

For children with most physical disabilities and other health impairments, a common cause of academic difficulties is

A. discrimination and prejudice.
B. erratic school attendance
C. poor study skills
D. inadequate motivation

B. erratic school attendance

In general, academic achievement of children with physical disabilities is below that of their nondisabled peers

True
False

False

Prereferral teams serve all of the following purposes EXCEPT

A. developing IEPs for all students who need them.
B. reducing the number of referrals to special education.
C. establishing ―ownership‖ of students with disabilities by general educators.
D. recommending strategies for working with children who exhibit academic and behavioral problems.

A. developing IEPs for all students who need them.

Response to intervention (RTI)

A. has implications only for those with learning disabilities.
B. is restricted to academic learning.
C. can be applied to social behavior and academic learning.
D. is the same as a prereferral team except that it is limited to students with learning disabilities.

C. can be applied to social behavior and academic learning.

Frequent measures that provide information on whether a student is learning as expected are

A. outcome measures.
B. standardized assessments.
C. progress monitoring assessments.
D. measures of student achievement.

C. progress monitoring assessments.

Each of the following components must be included on an individualized education program (IEP) EXCEPT

A. annual goals.
B. related services to be provided.
C. student's IQ score.
D. instructional objectives.

C. student's IQ score.

Each of the following people is typically on an IEP team EXCEPT

A. a parent or guardian.
B. a provider of special education.
C. the child's general education teacher.
D. a special education lawyer.

D. a special education lawyer.

The special education intervention that requires the least specialized environment is

A. consultation by a special educator.
B. instruction by an itinerant teacher.
C. instruction in a resource room.
D. instruction by a regular classroom teacher.

D. instruction by a regular classroom teacher

Leslie is enrolled in a regular classroom, but works with a special education teacher in a special education classroom for an hour a day. What type of special education services does Leslie receive?

A. She receives itinerant services.
B. She receives resource services.
C. She receives consultation services.
D. She receives diagnostic-prescriptive services.

B. She receives resource services.

Homebound instruction is most often utilized for students who have

A. a visual impairment.
B. physical disabilities.
C. mental retardation.
D. a hearing impairment.

B. physical disabilities.

Estella has a learning disability. Her primary placement is most likely a

A. self-contained special education class.
B. regular classroom.
C. resource room.
D. special day school.

B. regular classroom.

Nationwide, what percentage of students with disabilities is educated primarily in regular classrooms?

A. less than 5
B. nearly 15
C. about 35
D. more than 50

D. more than 50

Bill is a student with low vision. His teacher provides him with a set of large-type notes at the beginning of each lecture. This is an example of


A. accommodation.
B. adaptation.
C. tiered assignment.
D. partial participation.

A. accommodation.

When teachers provide choices of activities on a single topic that vary in difficulty, they are using

A. watered-down curriculum.
B. accommodations.
C. partial participation.
D. tiered assignments.

D. tiered assignments

A student who performs or behaves poorly in school and appears likely to fail or fall short of his or her potential is


A. at risk.
B. disabled.
C. handicapped
D. challenged

A. at risk.

All teachers should expect to participate in educating students with disabilities. Which one of the following responsibilities is a regular classroom teacher LEAST likely to have?

A. evaluating academic abilities
B. managing serious behavior problems
C. participating in writing individualized educational programs
D. collaborating with other professionals

B. managing serious behavior problems

Which of the following is an expectation for general education teachers?

A. knowledge of special education law
B. instruction of students with serious learning problems
C. management of serious behavior problems
D. participating in writing individualized education programs

D. participating in writing individualized education programs

Ms. Smith, a second grade teacher, has concerns about Bruce's progress in math. Before she makes a referral for special education, she should

A. discuss her concerns with Bruce.
B. administer an intelligence test.
C. discuss her concerns with Bruce's parents.
D. consult with specialists at a diagnostic-prescriptive center.

C. discuss her concerns with Bruce's parents.

Before making a referral for special education, a general education classroom teacher should do all of the following EXCEPT


A. modify or adapt the student's instructional program.
B. communicate concerns to parents.
C. examine student's school record.
D. administer diagnostic tests.

D. administer diagnostic tests.

What makes special education "special" is

A. instruction that it alone uses.
B. the more qualified teachers involved in it.
C. instruction that is altered to meet the needs of exceptional learners.
D. the quantity of services provided.

C. instruction that is altered to meet the needs of exceptional learners.

Research evidence suggests that response to intervention is more effective than prereferral teams at reducing the number of students referred for special education.

True
False

False

The individualized education program (IEP) is not required to be a written statement; however, the parents must agree to the teacher's plans before the student is enrolled.

True
False

False

Which one of the following best describes the purpose of multicultural education?


A. It provides equal educational opportunities to all students

B. It provides bilingual education for non-English speakers.

C. It involves parents in their child's education.

D. It teaches children of ethnic minorities about their ancestors.

A. It provides equal educational opportunities to all students

Critics of multicultural education claim that it


A. erodes the moral foundation of society.
B. presses children into a humanistic, secular mold
C. undermines the central purpose of school, which is to ensure academic competence
D. all of the above

D. all of the above

Which two issues particularly complicate teaching about cultures and engendering an acceptance of cultural diversity?

A. deciding which cultures best illustrate the concepts of universality of cultural pride and shame
B. the money and time we have for curriculum changes
C. deciding which cultures should be included and how to teach about them
D. deciding which cultures should be represented and the predominate religious beliefs within a school system

C. deciding which cultures should be included and how to teach about them

Assuming that one's cultural identity is sufficient to explain academic achievement or economic success is a form of


A. stereotyping.
B. cultural relativism
C. racism.
D. ethnicity.

A. stereotyping.

The two primary objectives of multicultural special education are


A. promoting understanding of exceptionality as a microculture and ensuring that exceptionality is included in the multicultural curriculum.
B. ensuring that ethnicity is not mistaken for exceptionality and increasing understanding of disability as a microculture.
C. enabling students from culturally diverse backgrounds to succeed in the mainstream and lobbying for services in multicultural educational programs
D. increasing visibility of people with disabilities in the macroculture and promoting acceptance of people with disabilities by the majority culture

B. ensuring that ethnicity is not mistaken for exceptionality and increasing understanding of disability as a microculture.

An example of a disability with a highly organized subculture is


A. deafness.
B. blindness.
C. mental retardation.
D. autism.

A. deafness.

Which one of the following best describes assessment of the instructional environment?

A. examination to determine the adequacy of classroom space and layout
B. testing using actual instructional materials
C. investigation of what is being taught and how it is being taught
D. assessment of academic achievement

C. investigation of what is being taught and how it is being taught

When identifying students in need of special education, professionals must make sure the student is not mistakenly identified as the source of the learning problem. A recommended strategy for this purpose is to

A. include assessment of the instructional environment.
B. increase reliance on objectively scored, standardized tests.
C. eliminate use of standardized tests.
D. avoid use of curriculum-based assessment

A. include assessment of the instructional environment.

There is a dilemma in choosing either to ignore or recognize differences because

A. all cultural differences have both advantages and disadvantages, making it difficult to predict how those differences will affect the individual
B. either choice can perpetuate inequality for members of a subculture
C. in order to fit in at school, students must forfeit the values and beliefs that they learned at home
D. in striving to assert their identity, members of subcultures serve only to perpetuate stereotypes and inequality

B. either choice can perpetuate inequality for members of a subculture

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