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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Dronabinol and Marinol
  2. Amphotercin B (Amphotec)
  3. What is c. diff? What causes it? What treats it?
  4. Insulin storage
  5. SSRIs (Lexapro/Zoloft/Prozac)
  1. a refrigerated until expiration date
    if not refrigerated good for a month
    do not freeze
    keep out of sunlight and extreme heat
  2. b indications: antifungal agent, mycoses
    AE: nephrotoxicity (monitor urine output), infusion reactions (fever, chills, nausea, HA), hypokalemia, bone marrow suppression
  3. c * additional anitemetics
    indications: CINV, and increase appetites in clients w/ AIDS
    AE: potential for disocation, disphoria, hypotension, tachycardia, avoid pts w/ mental disorders
  4. d cause: clindamycin, amoxicillin, ampicillin, cephalexin
    bacterial infection - contact, hand sanitizer doesn't kill it!
    treatments: metronidiazole (Flagyl) or vanco
  5. e indications: depression, bipolar disorder, OCD, panic disorder, bulimia, premenstrual dysphoric disorder
    - causes CNS excitation
    AE: sexual dysfunction, nausea, HA, nervousness, insomnia, weight gain, serotonin syndrome, withdrawal, neonatal effects
    *initially there is a suicide risk, especially in adolescents and young adults

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. - widespread lesions of skin and mucous membranes
    - fever, malaise, toxemia, can be fatal
    - mostly happens with sulfonamides
  2. molecules that activate receptors
    mimic the actions of the body's own regulatory molecules
    it has both affinity and high intrinsic activity
  3. subQ - (abd for most consistency)
    subQ infusion (delivers basal infusion and bolus at mealtime
    IV (regular)
  4. fast acting due to skipping the absorption period
    control of drug levels in blood
    use of large fluid volumes
    use of irritant drugs
    - can't reverse w/o antidote, expensive
  5. a decreasing response to repetitive drug doses

5 True/False Questions

  1. Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ)indications: hypERthyroidism
    AE: agranulocytosis, sore throat, fever, hypothyroidism, RASH, nausea, arthralgia, HA, dizziness, paresthesias, elevation of liver function tests
    * crosses placenta and breast milk


  2. Benzodiazapinesindications: anxiety, insomnia, seizure disorders, alcohol withdrawal (diazepam- muscle spasms, alprazolam/conazepam/lorazepam - panic disorder, diazepam/lorazepam/midazolam - preoperative sedation
    - d/c treatment gradually to prevent withdrawal symptoms
    - contraindicate for pregnant or pt w/ sleep apnea
    - caution in pts w/ suicidal tendency or history of alcohol problems
    AE: CNS depression, anterograde amnesia, sleep driving, paradoxical effects (insomnia, euphoria, excitation, heightened anxiety, rage), physical dependence, respiratory depression, abuse, weakness, HA, vertigo, n/v, diarrhea, epigastric distress, blurred vision


  3. Epinephrine (adrenaline, epi-pen)indications: mainly - anaphalactic shock, also - delay absorption of local anesthetics, overcome AV heart block, cardiac arrest, asthma
    - catacholamine ( not by mouth, given parentarally)
    - can't cross BBB
    AE: tachycardia, HTN crisis, angina, hyperglycemia, necrosis following extravasations (only IV)


  4. Levothyroxine (Synthroid)indications: hypothyroidism, maintains thyroid levels after surgery
    AE: rare, w/ acute OD thyrotoxicosis can occur s/s tachycardia, angina, tremor, nervousness, insomnia, hyperthermia, heat intolerance, & sweating


  5. Morphineindications: decrease drowsiness, fatigue, peripheral vasodilation, CNS vasoconstriction, relaxation of bronchi, neonatal apnea
    AE: convulsions, tinnitus, flashing lights, palpitations, dizziness, diuresis, tachycardia, respiratory stimulation


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