Twilight in the Wilderness by Frederic Church in 1860
An example of Romantic sublime artwork, which used nature to move people to great emotions.
The Third of May by Francisco de Goya in 1808
Romantic example of powerful people. It portrays the Spanish resistance that was gunned down by Napoleon's troops during the second occupation in 1808.
Iceberg by Frederic Church in 1861
Romantic example of faraway, exotic scenes that have been enhanced.
The Gleaners by Jean Francois Millet in 1857
Realistic example of painting every day people. It uses earthy tones to show women planting seeds.
The Third Class Carriage by Honore Daumier in 1864
Realistic example of every day people sitting in a carriage. It uses a grainy style with thick lines to show a realistic rendering by atypical means.
The Sower by Jean Francois Millet in 1850
Realistic example of Marxist empowerment of the worker. It uses loose brush strokes, which is atypical of the academy at the time.
A Burial at Ornans by Gustave Courbet in 1850
Realistic example of crowding the painting plane, using dull earth tones, and real people as models to portray real people.
Night Café by Vincent Van Gogh in 1888
Example of Post Impressionism that addresses impressionism's abstractions and detachment. It uses colors that clash to convey emotions.
Casa Mila by Antonio Gaudi in 1907
Art Nouveau example. Its undulating stonewalls make the building seem like it's alive. The wrought iron decoration and plaster are characteristic of art nouveau. It encourages art to be a literal way of life.
Eiffel Tower by Gustave Eiffel in 1889
An Art Nouveau example, located in Paris, that bridges the older, medieval styles with modern art that would dominate in the twentieth century.
The Joy of Life by Henri Matisse in 1905
Fauvism example of bright colors and relaxed aesthetic. Shows several people naked, lying around.
Red Room by Henri Matisse in 1909
Fauvism example of comfortable composition. A woman sits in her room and bright colors and a happy view adorn her.
Scream by Edvard Munch in 1893
This Symbolism painting uses red colors at sunset and a man screaming to illustrate the Modernist crisis of identity.
The Kiss by Gustav Klimt in 1907
This Symbolism painting has phallic symbolism and puts two lovers on the edge of a cliff. Gold leafing ties it to an earlier art tradition (Art Nouveau).
Coalbrookdale Bridge by Abraham Darby in 1776
Uses iron to build mammoth structures over great distances without using much material. It will eventually be this technology that allows modern cities to be built.
House of Parliament by Charles Barry in 1836
Begins an aesthetic that would go on to define art nouveau: incorporating old Gothic and medieval styles into modern architecture. They thought Gothic was quintessentially British and hoped this new building would help usher in a new era of democracy and government for the people.
Marshall Fields Warehouse by Henry Richardson in 1885
Revived certain Roman architectural qualities, particularly in the arched windows which were designed to condition the building as effectively as possible during hot Chicago summers.
The Monument to the Third International by Vladimir Tatlin in 1917
Designed as a response to the Eiffel tower, which it would have dwarfed. Tatlin envisioned it serving as a government headquarters, a radio tower for broadcasts, and even a projector that could display messages on clouds.
Kauffmann House by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1936
This house reimagined man living at one with nature. Wright's design was built around strictly vertical and horizontal lines,
Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao in 1997
Arguably the zenith of postmodern architecture, the buildings bizarre curves could only be rendered with computer technology.