Volcanic island of Thera explodes
Babylonians take Jerusalem, temple destroyed
Romans establish a republic
Battle of Marathon
Battles of Thermpolye and Salamis
431- 404 BC
Alexander the Great, king of Macedon, rules . Hellenistic age
Julius Caesar assassinated ides of march
Edict of Milan/Constantine
Fall of Rome by Odoacer
Pope Leo III crowns Charlemagne emperor of HRE
Greek Orthodox and Roman Catholic churches formally separate "Great Schism"
William of Normandy conquers England
First crusade , The First Crusade begins, and the Crusaders take control of Jerusalem
King John signs Magna Carta in England essentially creating Parliament
Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks, end of the Byzantine Empire
Columbus sites land at the Americas
Portugese reach Japan
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