Waggenspack Midterm Vocabulary

41 terms by emmielou113 

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Admonish

(v) to caution or advise against something; to scold mildly; to remind of a duty
Synonyms: warn, call on carpet
Antonyms: praise, pat on the back

Breach

(n) an opening or a gap, rupture or rift; a violation or infraction; (v) to create an opening or break through
Antonyms: close, seal

Circumspect

(adj) careful, cautions
Synonyms: wary, prudent, guarded
Antonyms: incautions, rash, reckless, heedless

cumbersome

(adj) hard to handle; slow moving
Synonyms: unwieldy, ponderous
Antonyms: manageable, easy to handle

deadlock

(n) a standstill resulting from the opposition of 2 equal forces or fractions; (v) to bring to such a standstill
Synonyms: standoff, stalemate, impasse
Antonyms: agreement, accord, break through

debris

(n) scattered fragments, wreckage
Synonyms: rubble

diffuse

(v) to spread or scatter freely or widely; (adj) wordy long winded or unfocused or scattered or widely spread
Synonyms: disperse, rambling, verbose, prolix
Antonyms: concentrate, brief, concise, succinct

dilemma

(n) a difficult or perplexing situation or problem
Synonyms: predicament, quandary, pickle, bind
Antonyms: cinch

efface

(v) to wipe out; keep oneself from being noticed
Synonyms: blow out, erase, obliterate, expunge

muddle

(v) to make a mess of; (n) a hopeless mess
Synonyms: jumble, mess up, confusion, disorder
Antonyms: orderliness, tidiness, neatness

opinionated

(adj) stubborn and often unreasonable in holding in ones own ideas
Synonyms: obstinate, pigheaded, inflexible
Antonyms: open minded, reasonable

perennial

(adj) lasting for a long time; (n) a plant that lives for many years
Synonyms: enduring, recurring
Antonyms: brief, short lived

predisposed

(v) to incline to before hand
Synonyms: surrender abandon
Antonyms: hold on to, keep

salvage

(v) to save from fire or ship wreck
Synonyms: rescue, recover
Antonyms: abandon, scrap, junk

spasmodic

(adj) sudden and violent but brief; fitful intermittent
Synonyms: irregular, occasional
Antonyms: steady, continuous, chronic

adjourn

(v) to stop proceedings temporarily; move to another place
Synonyms: postpone, suspend, discontinue
Antonyms: open call to order

alien

(n) a citizen from another country; (adj) foreign, stranger
Synonyms: (adj) exotic, unfamiliar,
Antonyms: (adj) native, endemic, familiar

comely

(adj) having a pleasing appearance
Synonyms: good looking, attractive, bonny
Antonyms: plain, homely, ugly, repulsive

compensate

(v) to make up for; to repay for service
Synonyms: payback, reimburse, recompense
Antonyms: fail to reward, stiff

erratic

(adj) not regular or consistent; different from what is ordinarily; expected
Synonyms: irregular, inconsistent, unpredictable; behavior
Antonyms: steady, consistent, dependable

fortify

(v) to strengthen; to build up
Synonyms: reinforce, shore up
Antonyms: weaken, undermine, sap

illegible

(adj) difficult or impossible to read
Synonyms: unreadable, indecipherable, scribbled
Antonyms: readable, decipherable, distinct, clear

jeer

(v) to make fun of rudely or unkindly; (n) a rude remark or derision
Synonyms: (v) laugh at, mock, taunt
Antonyms: (n) applause, plaudits, accolades

lucrative

(adj) bringing in money; profitable
Synonyms: gainful, moneymaking
Antonyms: unprofitable, losing, in the red

mediocre

(adj) average, ordinary, undistinguished
Synonyms: run-of-the-mill
Antonyms: exceptional, outstanding, distinguished

sully

(v) to soil, stain, tarnish, defile, besmirch
Synonyms: pollute, taint, smear
Antonyms: cleanse, purify, decontaminate

tantalize

(v) torment by teasing
Synonyms: tempt, lead on, make ones mouth water
Antonyms: satisfy, fulfill, gratify

terse

(adj) brief and to the point
Synonyms: concise, succinct, crisp, short and sweet
Antonyms: verbose, wordy, diffuse, prolix

unflinching

(adj) firm; showing no signs of fear; not drawing back
Synonyms: resolute, steadfast, unwavering
Antonyms: irresolute, wavering, vacillating

abridge

(v) to make shorter
Synonyms: shorten, condense abbreviate
Antonyms: expand, enlarge, augment

adherent

(n) follower, supporter; (adj) attached, stinking too
Synonyms: (n) disciple
Antonyms: (n) opponent, adversary, critic, detractor

altercation

(n) angry argument
Synonyms: quarrel, dispute, squabble
Antonyms: agreement, accord

cherubic

(adj) resembling an angel portrayed as a little child with a beautiful, round, or chubby face; sweet and innocent
Synonyms: angelic, seraphic, beatific
Antonyms: impish, devilish, diabolic, fiendish

condone

(v) to pardon or overlook something; something wrong that was done
Synonyms: ignore, wink at, turn a blind eye to
Antonyms: censure, condemn, disapprove, deprecate

eminent

(adj) famous, outstanding, distinguished, standout; projecting
Synonyms: illustrious, renowned
Antonyms: obscure, nameless, unsung, lowly, humble

fabricate

(v) to make, manufacture; to make up, invent
Synonyms: put together, devise, contrive, concoct
Antonyms: take apart, undo, destroy, demolish

irate

(adj) angry
Synonyms: incensed, infuriate, enraged, livid
Antonyms: calm, composed,cool, unruffled

obesity

(n) excessive fatness
Synonyms: serious overweight, extreme corpulence
Antonyms: emaciation, gauntness, scrawniness

rift

(n) a split, break, breach
Synonyms: crack, fissure, gap, cleft
Antonyms: reconciliation

terminate

(v) to bring to an end
Synonyms: conclude, finish, discontinue
Antonyms: begin, commence, initiate

trite

(adj) common place, overused, stale; language, phrase, words
Synonyms: banal, hackneyed, corny
Antonyms: original, novel, fresh, innovative

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