U.S. History Final Notecards-Second Great Awakening

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Refer to notes from 11-3-11

Second Great Awakening

A series of religious revivals starting in 1801, based on Methodism and Baptism. Stressed a religious philosophy of salvation through good deeds and tolerance for all Protestant sects. The revivals attracted women, Blacks, and Native Americans.

Burnt-Over District

Religious scene in Upstate New York that was burned over by religious revivals of second great awakening

Charles Grandison Finny

Revival preacher, massive revivals in Rochester, NY. Presbyterian. 1825-1835. Gave extemporaneous speeches (no notes, no written word). Social Reform.

Disciples of Christ

A Protestant church that accepts the Bible as the only source of true Christian faith and practices baptism by immersion. Liberal social issues; wanted other christians to work towards unity. Addison and Randolph Clark-TCU-Coeducational from the start-everyone is involved

Shakers

Utopian community that began in the 1740s. Communal spiritual family. Did a lot of dancing. Mother Ann Lee- Lost 2 children and joined with the Shakers. Believed in Abstinence. Lucy Wright. Made furniture-simpicity-elegance-long lasting. Simple gifts is the most famous shaker song.

Joseph Smith

Founded Mormonism in New York in 1830 with the guidance of an angel. 1843, Smith's announcement that God sanctioned polygamy split the Mormons and let to an uprising against Mormons in 1844; translated the Book of Mormon and died a martyr.

Brigham Young

The successor to the Mormons after the death of Joseph Smith. He was responsible for the survival of the sect and its establishment in Utah, thereby populating the would-be state.

Millennialism

Second coming of Jesus. Millennialism will be 1,000 years of peace on Earth. When is it going to happen? How is it going to happen? Pre-millennialism-1,000 years of peace on Earth will begin with Jesus' arrival. Post-millennialism-Jesus will come after 1,000 years of peace on Earth. Advocates for social reform. Millerites-William Miller-October 22, 1844-says that's when Millennialism will occur-became the Great Disappointment.

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