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Sociologists use the term ____ to describe the order established in social groups at any level.

social organization

____ are established and organized systems of social behavior with recognized purposes and objectives.

Social institutions

Which of the following is not considered a universal need of all societies?

replacement at the membership

Which term is used by sociologists to refer to any of the full range of socially defined positions often containing same amount of power or prestige?

Status

College students are expected to attend class, take exams, and pass their course. This is defined as a ____.

Role

A condition where in a single role brings conflicting expectations is called role ____.

strain

One;s master status ____.

-Dominates the persons identity
-May be imposed by others
-Is sometimes defined by oneself

A medical doctor and a judge are examples of ____.

Achieved statuses

Which social scientist used the concept of mechanical and organic solidarity?

Emile Durkheim

In Gerhard Lenski's view, social organization is highly dependent on its level of ______.

technology

Which of the following can be defined as the long term trends in societies resulting from the interplay of continuity, innovation, and selection?

sociocultural evolution

Which is not a preindustrial society?

nomadic

A society that is primarily concerned with providing services rather than manufacturing them is a (an) _____.

Postindustrial society

Retirees, truck drivers, and left handed people are all examples of ____.

Social catagories

In a triad, when two of the people are interacting and form a dyad, the sociological third person is ____.

an isolate

The sociologist who introduced the concept of primary groups is ____.

Charles Horton Cooley

Sociologists use the term instrumental needs to refer to the ____ of a person.

task-oriented needs

The sociological term for a set of links between individuals or between other social group is?

Social network

The Asch experiment confirms which influence in groups?

conformity

The most convincing explanation for risky shift is _____.

De individualize

Which of the following is not a type of formal organization discussed in class?

reference organization

The classic sociological theorist who first noted and described the characteristics of bureaucracy using the concept of ideal type was _____.

Max Weber

Which of the following is considered a problem within bureaucracies?

alienation and ritualism

What term do sociologists use to refer to the flow of content across multiple media and the accompanying migration of media audiences?

Cultural convergence

Which sociological perspective would likely contend that the role of the mass media is to provide socialization and enforce social norms through public events?

functionalist perspective

The function of media advertising is to support the economy, provide information about products, and underwrite media associated with ____.

Promotion of consumption

Which sociological perspective would be most likely to emphasize that the mass media mirrors the many divisions and divisions and disparities in our society?

conflict theory

The process by which a relatively small number of people control what eventually reaches the audience is referred to as ____.

gatekeeping

Which of the following would be a common way for television to create stereotypes?

-portraying women as sleek and thin
-Portraying young minority males as drug dealers and criminals
-portraying members of the lower class as uneducated and lazy

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