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Antithesis

the juxtaposition of contrasting ideas, often in parallel structure.

Parenthesis

Insertion of verbal unit which interrupts normal flow. E.g. " It was, as he said, awful."

Ellipsis

The omission of a word. Lettuce is the vegetable of a human and the shade of a fly.

Asyndeton

Deliberate omission of conjunctions
"I came, I saw, I conquered."

Assonance

repetition of a vowel sound. "Blind, Dispised, Dying"

Anaphora

The repetition of the same word at the beginning of a sentence. "We shall win. We shall prevail. We shall get our rights."

Epistrophe

repetition of the last word. "We will prevail, she will prevail. They will prevail."

Anadiplosis

repetition of one cord at the end ad at the beginning. "this is common, common in english. "

Climax

arrangement of words in increasing importance. "The girl will get a B, her life will be over, and the world will explode."

Antimetabole

Repetition of words in successive clauses, in reverse order. "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country."

Chiasmus

The reversal of grammatical structures. "It is hard to make money, but to spend it is easy."

Polyptoton

repetition of root words "All to battle, though embattled we are."

Synecdoche

A part for a whole- ex: "Wheel" for "Car"

Metonymy

a symbol to represent the hole- ex: "the crown for royalty."

Anthimeria

the substitution of one part of speech for another. Shakespeare loved this.

Hyperbole

deliberate exaggeration. "My head weighs 3 tons"

Litotes

a deliberate understatement. "Its a flesh wound"

Verbal Irony

the use of words to convey the opposite meaning. "I was overjoyed to go to school."

Paradox

an apparent contradictory statement that contains a measure of truth. "He is guilty of being innocent."

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