Rhetorics

Created by semin530 

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accreditation

giving credit to somebody

Refrain

Repeated word/phrase at the end of 2 or more lines

anaphora

One of the devices of repetition, in which the same expression is repeated at the beginning of two or more lines

repetition

The duplication, either exact or approximate, of a word, phrase, sentence or grammatical pattern

analogy

A similarity or comparison between two things or the relationship between them

metaphor

A figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things

simile

A figure of speech in which one object is said to be "like"/"as" another

hyperbole

A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement

understatement

The ironic minimizing of fact, it presents something as less significant than it is

juxtaposition

The act or an instance of placing two or more things side by side

parallelism

Parallel structure/parallel construction framing of words to give structural similarity

alliteration

The repetition of sounds, especially initial sounds in two or more neighboring words

lists

listing of a number of things - in the party there was music, coke, wine, beer, vodka, tequila, girls and dancing

irony

The contrast between what is explicitly stated and what is really meant; what appears to be and what is true

paradox

A statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some truth

anecdote

A short narrative detailing particulars of an interesting episode or event

imagery

The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions

selection of detail

The sensory details an author includes.

allusion

A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as a book, myth, work of art.

tone

Describes the author's attitude toward his material, the audience or both.

undertone

An attitude that may lie
under the ostensible tone of the piece.

words with heavy connotations

Words that imply a great deal in the context in which they are used

humor

funny part of the sentence, light joke, puns, etc

satire

A work that targets human vices and follies or social institutions and conventions for reform or ridicule

sarcasm/verbal irony

From the geek "to tear flesh"; involves bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule.

invective

An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language.

narrative pace

The pace or tempo at which the story is told

rhetorical question

A question to which no answer is expected

paraleipsis

A pretended or apparent omission; a figure by which a speaker artfully pretends to pass by what he really mentions.

ethos

Establishing personal credibility- when the speaker/writer aims to define his/her voice as worthy. Often occurs in establishing common ground within a split audience

pathos

Appeals to emotions - evoking empathy from the audience to sway their attitude

logos

Appeals to logic - using facts, numbers, statistics, and well-known names

kairos

A call to action - compelling the audience to take action towards their viewpoint

catharsis

emotional release

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