Latin III SAT Vocab

Created by cpaters Teacher

divulge

to tell, to reveal

abet

to assist or encourage, especially in wrongdoing

dogmatic

arrogant and stubborn about one's (often unproven) beliefs

insipid

lacking flavor; dull; not at all stimulating

extraneous

inessential; not constituting a vital part

coerce

to force by using pressure, intimidation, or threats

jaundiced

prejudiced; hostile

meticulous

extremely careful about small details; precise

temerity

recklessness; a foolish disregard of danger

gregarious

sociable; fond of the company of others

heresy

the crime of holding a belief that goes against established doctrine

docile

easy to teach or manage

libation

a drink, especially an alcoholic one

anathema

a hated, repellent person or thing

banter

teasing; playful conversation

castigate

to criticize or punish for the purpose of correction

gauche

lacking social graces; tactless

ignominy

public shame, disgrace, or dishonor

motley

made up of different, dissimilar parts; being of many colors

emaciated

extremely thin; wasted away

avarice

greed; desire for wealth

furtive

stealthy; secretive

bacchanalian

wild and drunken

extradite

to turn over or deliver to the legal jurisdiction of another government or authority

copious

numerous; large in quantity

irascible

easily angered

mercenary

a professional soldier hired by a foreign army

bastion

a strong defense or fort (or one likened to these)

jettison

to cast overboard; to discard

ostracize

to banish; to shut out from a group or society by common consent

bigot

one who is intolerant of differences in people

expunge

to erase or eliminate

candid

outspoken; blunt

argot

special words or phrases used by a specific group of people

negligence

careless neglect, often resulting in injury

appease

to calm; to make satisfied (often only temporary)

strident

harsh sounding; grating

chaos

complete disorder

augment

to enlarge; to increase in amount or intensity

jingoism

extreme, chauvinistic patriotism, often favoring an aggressive, warlike foreign policy

rancor

extreme hatred or ill will

inexorable

unrelenting; unavoidable

extol

to praise highly

clement

merciful; lenient

cliche

a worn-out idea or overused expression

adamant

unyielding; firm in opinion

diffident

lacking in self-confidence; shy

opus

a creative work, especially a numbered composition

ostensible

professed but not necessarily true

disparity

inequality; difference

condone

to forgive or overlook an offense

nuance

a slight or subtle degree of difference

connoisseur

an expert in matters of culture, food, or wine

apathy

a lack of interest; state of not caring

officious

excessively eager to deliver unasked-for or unwanted help

credence

belief or trust

jaunty

having a buoyant, self-confident air; brisk and crisp

enigma

a mystery; something seemingly inexplicable

dilettante

one who merely dabbles in an art or science

cult

an organized group of people with an obsessive devotion to a person or set of principles

cynical

doubtful or distrustful of the goodness or sincerity of human motive

ambivalent

uncertain; unable to decide between two opposing points of view

demagogue

a leader who appeals to citizens' emotions to obtain power

demure

quiet and modest; reserved

intrepid

without fear; brave

destitute

extremely poor; lacking necessities like food and shelter

erudite

scholarly; learned

dilemma

a difficult choice; a seemingly unsolvable problem

culmination

the highest point of attainment; the end or climax

concur

to be of the same opinion; to agree with

abate

to lessen in violence or intensity

decorum

conformity to accepted standards of conduct; proper behavior

abhor

to detest; to hate strongly

dole

to distribute; to give out sparingly

gamut

the whole range or extent

extrovert

one who is outgoing; one who is energized rather than drained by interactions with others

droll

amusing in an odd or whimsical way

duplicity

intentional deceit in speech or conduct

effigy

a crude dummy or image representing a hated person or group

austere

stern; severe; plain

factious

causing disagreement

ignoble

dishonorable, shameful

boor

a rude or impolite person

aegis

a shield, protection

perspicacity

keenness of judgment

fervent

eager, earnest

rectify

to correct; to make right

enervate

to weaken

besiege

to overwhelm; to surround and attack

ephemeral

lasting only a brief time; short-lived

altruism

a concern for others; generosity

carrion

decaying flesh

erotic

pertaining to sexual love

amorphous

shapeless, formless, vague

opulent

rich, luxurious; wealthy

impotent

powerless; lacking strength

antithesis

an exact opposite; an opposite extreme

maelstrom

whirlpool; turbulence; agitated state of mind

emendation

a correction

chagrin

embarrassment; a complete loss of courage

bauble

a showy but useless thing

diaphanous

very sheer and light

labyrinth

a complicated network of winding passages; a maze

gloat

to look at or think about with great satisfaction

impediment

a barrier; obstruction

bestial

savage, brutal

effete

worn out; barren

shard

a fragment

bland

mild, tasteless, dull

nihilism

a total rejection of established laws

pedestrian

ordinary or dull

bona fide

in good faith

adventitious

accidental; nonessential

fecund

fertile, productive

deviate

to turn aside from a course; to stray

obfuscate

to confuse; to bewilder

impale

to pierce with a sharp stake through the body

extenuate

to lessen seriousness by providing partial excuses

parochial

local; narrow; limited

glower

to stare angrily

edify

to improve someone morally

ambiguous

open to more than one interpretation

cataclysm

a violent change

optimum

best; most favorable; ideal

importune

to ask persistently; to beg

celibate

abstaining from intercourse

fortuitous

lucky; by chance

recapitulate

to summarize; to repeat briefly

perfunctory

done without care; in a routine fashion

baroque

overly decorated

hedonism

pursuit of pleasure, especially of the senses

obloquy

strong disapproval; a bad reputation resulting from public criticism

debacle

a complete failure; a total collapse

quasi-

resembling; seeming; half

besmirch

to make dirty; to stain

imperative

extremely necessary; vitally important

sacrosanct

extremely holy

sadistic

deriving pleasure from inflicting pain on others

demeanor

behavior; manner of conducting oneself

facetious

comical; jocular; flippant

fop

an excessively fashion-conscious man

imprecation

a curse

non sequitur

something that does not logically follow

sanguine

cheerful; optimistic

bowdlerize

to remove offensive passages of a play, novel, etc.

impair

to weaken; to cause to become worse

panegyric

an expression of praise

quandary

a puzzling situation; a dilemma

ebullient

enthusiastic

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